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Old 11-14-2004, 03:20 AM   #1
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I've recently installed Debian sarge.

Applications take a long time (about 8 seconds) to launch.
My machine is new and when using WinXP (it's a dual-boot), apps launch very fast.
How can I optimize my Linux system to work faster?
My swap partition is about 500 MB while my ram is 1 GB. How can I change the size of the swap partition without reinstalling Linux - though logic tells me that first launch of an application shouldn't be affected by size of swap since it is loaded from harddrive.

Old 11-14-2004, 04:13 AM   #2
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It used to be "common wisdom" that you'd normally have 2 x the amount of ram for the swap. But that particular bit of wisdom comes from a time when 64 megs was a lot of ram.

Besides, your system won't touch the swap until all the ram is being used, which usually means mega memory hungry app's, like digi video editing and the like.

Hence I'd suspect that it's not that, that's the problem.

You may want to have a look in the Debian sub forum at the Linux distro's or just search LQ, maybe for something like Debian+system+optimisation or something like that



p.s. If you're dual booting and have access to Partition Magic, you should be able to make your swap bigger very easily - I understand that it can be done directly in linux, but I wouldn't know how - and yes, I did follow the "wisdom" of 2 x ram = /swap last time I did change anything (768megs ram =1.5 gigs of /swap. Almost definitely far too much, but as I have the room, it's not a problem) - oh and if you did regularly use apps that eat ram, you'd be better off getting more as it's considerable faster than /swap (disc read/write speeds etc).

Last edited by bigjohn; 11-14-2004 at 04:17 AM.
Old 11-14-2004, 01:14 PM   #3
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Just to chime in, as bigjohn has indicated, if you've got 1G of RAM, it is extremely unlikely that your swap space would ever be used at all, and therefore increasing its size will only reduce the amount of free space on your hard drive. (Swap is only used when RAM is pushed past its capacity, and the system is forced to write memory pages out to disk.)

Please provide more details about your machine. If performance seems slow, it may be due to a relatively slow CPU, 5400 rpm drives (vs 7200 rpm), etc, etc. Also, what apps specifically are you launching that seem to take a long time? If any of them are OpenOffice apps, Yes, they are notorious for initially taking pretty long to load. -- J.W.
Old 11-15-2004, 01:57 AM   #4
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CPU 2.8 GHz,
HD 7200 rpm.
When using WinXP it's really a beast

Since I'm just a Linux Biginner, I'm currently using common software, e.g. Gimp, Kmail, Krusader, Firefox.
When launching an application, it takes a long time before anything happens (i.e. the application window appears).
Old 11-15-2004, 06:01 AM   #5
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dd if=/dev/zero of=/boot/.swap bs=1024 count=512000
mkswap /boot/.swap
swapon /boot/.swap

Now add this line to /etc/fstab
/boot/.swap swap swap defaults 0 0


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