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Old 11-17-2014, 07:48 AM   #1
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Registered: Jul 2014
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serail port read function blocked

#include <iostream>
#include <stdio.h> /* Standard input/output definitions */
#include <string.h> /* String function definitions */
#include <unistd.h> /* UNIX standard function definitions */
#include <fcntl.h> /* File control definitions */
#include <errno.h> /* Error number definitions */
#include <termios.h> /* POSIX terminal control definitions */
#include <string.h>
#include <string>
using namespace std;

//Initialize serial port
int initport(int fd)
int portstatus = 0;

struct termios options;
// Get the current options for the port...
tcgetattr(fd, &options);
// Set the baud rates to 115200...
cfsetispeed(&options, B9600);
cfsetospeed(&options, B9600);
// Enable the receiver and set local mode...
options.c_cflag |= (CLOCAL | CREAD);

options.c_cflag &= ~PARENB;
options.c_cflag &= ~CSTOPB;
options.c_cflag &= ~CSIZE;
options.c_cflag = CS8;
//options.c_cflag |= SerialDataBitsInterp(8); /* CS8 - Selects 8 data bits */
options.c_cflag &= ~CRTSCTS; // disable hardware flow control
options.c_iflag &= ~(IXON | IXOFF | IXANY); // disable XON XOFF (for transmit and receive)
//options.c_cflag |= CRTSCTS; /* enable hardware flow control */

options.c_cc[VMIN] = 1; //min carachters to be read
options.c_cc[VTIME] = 10; //Time to wait for data (tenths of seconds)

// Set the new options for the port...
//tcsetattr(fd, TCSANOW, &options);

//Set the new options for the port...
tcflush(fd, TCIFLUSH);
if (tcsetattr(fd, TCSANOW, &options)==-1)
perror("On tcsetattr:");
portstatus = -1;
portstatus = 1;

return portstatus;

* 'open_port()' - Open serial port 1.
* Returns the file descriptor on success or -1 on error.
int open_port(void)
int fd; /* File descriptor for the port */
fd = open("/dev/ttyS0", O_RDWR | O_NOCTTY | O_NDELAY | O_NONBLOCK);

if (fd == -1)
* Could not open the port.
perror("open_port: Unable to open /dev/ttyS0 --- \n");
fcntl(fd, F_SETFL, 0);

return (fd);

int main(void)

int serial_fd = open_port();

if(serial_fd == -1)
printf("Error opening serial port /dev/ttyS0 \n");
printf("Serial Port /dev/ttyS0 is now open \n");

if(initport(serial_fd) == -1)
printf("Error Initializing port");
return 0;

//printf("size of data being sent = %ld", sizeof("~ver~\n\r"));
unsigned char linkpack[2];
string str = "@R5-ON#";
char str1[8] = {'@','R','6','-','O','N','#'};
linkpack[0] = '@';
linkpack[1] = 'T';
linkpack[2] = '5';
linkpack[3] = '-';
linkpack[4] = 'O';
linkpack[5] = 'N';
linkpack[6] = '#';
//linkpack[7] = '@';
int n;
//write(serial_fd,str1, 8);
for(int i=0; i <8; i++)
n = write(serial_fd,&linkpack[i], 1);
printf("hell ");

if (n < 0)
fputs("write() of 8 bytes failed!\n", stderr);
printf("Successfully wrote 8 bytes\n");

char buffer[32];

int n = read(serial_fd, buffer, sizeof(buffer));
if (n < 0)
fputs("read failed!\n", stderr);
printf("Successfully read from serial port -- %s\n", buffer);




printf("\n\nNow closing Serial Port /dev/ttyS0 \n\n");


return 0;
Old 11-17-2014, 01:10 PM   #2
Registered: Mar 2011
Location: Sutton, MA. USA
Distribution: MINT Debian, Angstrom, SUSE, Ubuntu
Posts: 5,960
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Post code within [code][/code] tags please. There's an option in Advanced mode to assist with that.

Check your ERRNO value after the call to open(). You likely need to be root. I usually only use O_RDWR and O_NONBLOCK. Also you might want to check and see what O_NDELAY is defined to be, it's possible that O_NONBLOCK equals O_NDELAY.


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