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t3___ 02-19-2004 06:49 PM

Samba at startup
My objective is to get samba and nmbd to start automatically at boot time.

I ran a search on the forums here, and found a thread indicating that samba usually installs with a startup script that can be placed in /etc/init.d to make all smb related services active at startup.

After searching I found that I do indeed have a file called "smb" (no quotes though) in my /etc/init.d folder - I pasted the contents of the file below.

QUESTION - is this file the samba startup script that previous thread was refering to? And if so, why is samba and nmbd NOT starting at boot time.... Im guessing that I need to uncomment some lines in the script??? Which lines... or all? Please advise.

Any help would be greatly appreciated. Also, if anyone has a different approach to starting samba at boot, I would love to understand any alternatives as well.

here is the file

#! /bin/sh
# Copyright (c) 1999-2003 SuSE Linux AG, Nuernberg, Germany.
# All rights reserved.
# Author: Lars Mueller <>
# /etc/init.d/smb
# and its symbolic link
# /usr/sbin/rcsmb
# Provides: smb
# Required-Start: $network $remote_fs syslog
# X-UnitedLinux-Should-Start: cupsd winbind nmb
# Required-Stop:
# Default-Start: 3 5
# Default-Stop:
# Description: Samba SMB/CIFS file and print server


# Status shell functions
. /etc/rc.status
# Reset status of this service

# Check for existence of needed config files.
for configfile in ${SMB_CONF} ${SYSCONFIG_FILE}; do
if [ ! -f ${configfile} ]; then
echo -n "Samba configuration file ${configfile} does not exist. "
# Tell the user this has skipped
rc_status -s
exit 6

# Source Samba settings

BIN_SUFFIX=$( echo ${SAMBA_SAM} | tr '[:upper:]' '[:lower:]')
# If a wrong or no BIN_SUFFIX is set, warn the user and set a default.
if [ x"${BIN_SUFFIX}" != x"classic" -a x"${BIN_SUFFIX}" != x"ldap" ]; then
echo "Unknown Samba Security Authentication Mechanism, ${SAMBA_SAM}."
echo "Please fix the sysconfig setting. Using default, classic for now."

# Get current sam if a state file exists.
test -f ${SAM_STATE_FILE} && \
curr_sam=$( cat ${SAM_STATE_FILE}) || \

# Check for missing binary
if [ ! -x ${DAEMON_DIR}${BIN_SUFFIX}/${SMBD_BIN} ]; then
echo -n "Samba daemon, ${DAEMON_DIR}${BIN_SUFFIX}/${SMBD_BIN} is not installed. "
# Tell the user this has skipped
rc_status -s
exit 5

# wait for cupsd to be ready
function wait_for_cupsd
echo -n "Samba SMB: Waiting for cupsd to get ready"
rc_timer_on ${SAMBA_CUPSD_TIMEOUT} 42
for ((i=0; i<${SAMBA_CUPSD_TIMEOUT}; i++)); do
if lpstat -r &>/dev/null; then continue
else sleep 1

lpstat -r &>/dev/null && rc_status -v || rc_status -s

# check and create TDB
function check_create_tdb
test -f /var/lib/samba/$1.tdb || \
echo "create /var/lib/samba/$1.tdb" | /usr/lib/samba/tdbtool >/dev/null

# be extra carefull cause connection fail if TMPDIR is not writeable
export TMPDIR="/var/tmp"

case "$1" in
if grep -qi '^[[:space:]]*printing[[:space:]]*=[[:space:]]*cups' ${SMB_CONF} && chkconfig --check cups; then
if [ ${BIN_SUFFIX} != ${curr_sam} ]; then
echo -n "Samba ${curr_sam} SMB daemon might run; I will try to stop it first. "
killproc -p ${PID_FILE} ${DAEMON_DIR}${curr_sam}/${SMBD_BIN}
rc_status -v
echo -n "Starting Samba ${BIN_SUFFIX} SMB daemon "
checkproc -p ${PID_FILE} ${DAEMON_DIR}${BIN_SUFFIX}/${SMBD_BIN} && \
echo -n " Warning: daemon already running. "
check_create_tdb brlock
check_create_tdb locking
startproc -p ${PID_FILE} ${DAEMON_DIR}${BIN_SUFFIX}/${SMBD_BIN} -D -s ${SMB_CONF}
rc_status -v
echo -n "Shutting down Samba ${curr_sam} SMB daemon "
checkproc -p ${PID_FILE} ${DAEMON_DIR}${curr_sam}/${SMBD_BIN} || \
echo -n " Warning: daemon not running. "
killproc -p ${PID_FILE} ${DAEMON_DIR}${curr_sam}/${SMBD_BIN}
rc_status -v
$0 status >/dev/null && $0 restart
$0 stop
$0 start
$0 reload
echo -n "Reloading Samba ${curr_sam} SMB daemon "
checkproc -p ${PID_FILE} ${DAEMON_DIR}${curr_sam}/${SMBD_BIN} || \
echo -n " Warning: daemon not running. "
killproc -p ${PID_FILE} -HUP ${DAEMON_DIR}${curr_sam}/${SMBD_BIN}
rc_status -v
echo -n "Checking for Samba ${curr_sam} SMB daemon "
checkproc -p ${PID_FILE} ${DAEMON_DIR}${curr_sam}/${SMBD_BIN}
rc_status -v
echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|try-restart|restart|force-reload|reload}"
exit 1

wi77ard 02-19-2004 07:01 PM

If you are running redhat 9, i know how ............

goto start aplications (kde) / gnome menu

then system settings, then server settings

and choose services.

this will open a new window with loads of check boxes, scroll down until you find smb and make sure it has a tick in its box. once done save using the menu file -> save and then quit and reboot your system. This should automatically start smb.

hope this helps (hope you use Redhat lol)

t3___ 02-19-2004 07:15 PM

nope, as my signature indicated, im on Suse 9.0.

Furthermore I am particularly intersted in understand what is "under the hood" as opposed to a shortcup method.

thanks nonetheless....

levian 02-20-2004 01:10 AM

In which run level you would like samba to run?
The smb script in /etc/init.d only defines on "how" the smb service would like to start, stop, or restart.
To start the smb service on particular run level simply make a symlink in /etc/rc?.d to the smb script in /etc/init.d. The symlink should begin with S (whereas K will stop the service) followed by two digits number that will provide a mechanism to select the priority in which the program will run.

For example if we would like smb to start at runlevel 5 :
#ln -s /etc/init.d/smb /etc/rc5.d/S91smb

Im still a beginner, though, so i may make a mistake also. cheers

TexasDex 02-20-2004 02:57 AM

Explanation of runlevels: At different runlevels your computer enables different services. You can customize it so that your computer runs the SMBD service only while in mode 3 (console) or you can add it to both 3 and 5 (the most commonly used runlevels)

Runlevel 0: Halt
Runlevel 1: Single user - no services
Runlevel 2: other (custom)
Runlevel 3: typically console mode
Runlevel 4: other (custom)
Runlevel 5: X11 (GUI) mode
Runlevel 6: Reboot

Levian's explanation on how to add a service to a runlevel looks right--i havn't done it in a while.

t3___ 02-20-2004 11:47 AM

Wow... thanks everyone for the replies....

Ok, so I understand that I must make a symlink (somewhere) in the /etc/rc.d/rc#.d folder... I want samba to run all the time (in gui and runlevel 3), so I must create 2 symlinks, right?

my other question now is how on earth would I chose a number for the "priority"? I havent a clue what priority I would like this to run at... is there a default value for this field.

Also... can someone verify the syntax on the command that levian noted for me?


Linner 05-22-2004 02:14 AM

levian syntax is right.

#ln -s /etc/init.d/smb /etc/rc[runlevel].d/S[priority]smb

with regards to priority, i have noticed that when you view the those init.d script file, there is entry for chkconfig. i think thats the priority numbers.

well, i havent tried it...newbie too. ;-) goodluck.

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