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Old 02-19-2005, 01:34 AM   #1
Registered: Aug 2004
Location: Sri Lanka
Distribution: Debian Etch
Posts: 36

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running programs in console?

Hy guys!
I've got a silly question,

Some programs(normally which I created using g++) must run as

but other programs like java run by just typing

can I make 'myprogram' also runnable without that ugly dot and slash??

Old 02-19-2005, 01:42 AM   #2
Registered: Jun 2003
Location: Glendale AZ
Distribution: Slackware 10
Posts: 153

Rep: Reputation: 30

Well, the issue here is "/usr/local/bin" and "/usr/sbin"

These directories hold binary programs such as "ls" or the forementioned "java" and since they are in this directory they are accessible by simply typing them without that nasty "./"

"./" simply means ... run from this directory. i.e. ./randomprogram = please run the binary file randomprogram from this directory.

So, if you want to NOT have to type "./program" you will have to copy the binary file into the /usr/local/bin/ directory.

Have fun.
Old 02-19-2005, 08:10 AM   #3
Registered: Dec 2004
Location: Brazil
Distribution: Slackware
Posts: 99

Rep: Reputation: 15
ok, take a look at a variable that is set automatically for linux:

to show its content, type "echo $PATH"..

you'll see a list of directories separated by a ":"
every executable that is in one of those directories will be executed if you just type their names..

for example /sbin/lilo is an executable, and /sbin is in the PATH..
you just have to type lilo and it's executed

If you want to add your own directory to the PATH, do this:

but that applies only for your current session, if you want it to apply for all the others,
you have to edit the file /etc/profile..
search for the lines containing the PATH content and add your dir to this group of dirs..
DON'T forget that the directories must be separated by ":"

Last edited by JoannesX; 02-19-2005 at 08:12 AM.
Old 02-19-2005, 08:18 AM   #4
Senior Member
Registered: Dec 2004
Distribution: Slackware, ROCK
Posts: 1,973

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uhhhh, no. I'm gonna warn you though this could be considered a security risk by some. Anyway, what you want to do is add the current directory in your PATH ( but it will always be the current directory, not a static directory like "/home/programs/bin" or something like that). Some distro's do this and some do not. here is what you need to add to /etc/profile:

# For non-root users, add the current directory to the search path:
if [ ! "`id -u`" = "0" ]; then

I would copy it verbatim for security reasons.
Old 02-22-2005, 05:41 PM   #5
Registered: Dec 2004
Location: Brazil
Distribution: Slackware
Posts: 99

Rep: Reputation: 15
What do you really mean with "not a static directory"?

'cause I have added /ext3/scripts/shell to my PATH just to have a separated dir for my scripts..
and it's totally static so far..

I just had to create a .bash_profile for each user and add this to the PATH there, in order to let them run my scripts too...

Sorry if I misunderstood..
Old 02-22-2005, 08:34 PM   #6
Registered: Jul 2004
Location: Palo Alto, CA
Distribution: #! Korora
Posts: 472

Rep: Reputation: 30

If you use these programs often, you can add it into the
menu or create a desktop icon.

-> K (window equivalent of start)
-> Appl...
-> System
-> Menu Editor
[could be be diffenrence based on distribution)
wiggle to executable on a file manager
Left-click and hold and drag to desktop.
choose to link.

Old 02-22-2005, 10:30 PM   #7
Registered: Dec 2004
Location: Brazil
Distribution: Slackware
Posts: 99

Rep: Reputation: 15
yes that works if you're running X..
But the questions here is how to run programs in console...


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