LinuxQuestions.org
Latest LQ Deal: Complete CCNA, CCNP & Red Hat Certification Training Bundle
Go Back   LinuxQuestions.org > Forums > Linux Forums > Linux - Newbie
User Name
Password
Linux - Newbie This Linux forum is for members that are new to Linux.
Just starting out and have a question? If it is not in the man pages or the how-to's this is the place!

Notices


Reply
  Search this Thread
Old 10-21-2003, 09:34 PM   #1
Laptop2250
Member
 
Registered: Oct 2003
Posts: 131

Rep: Reputation: 15
Question rpm or tgz or i386 which to use?


an rpm is the equivilant of the exe in windows and tgz is the source code right?? whats the diff between an rpm tgz and i386??

so am i right to say that i should always build a program from it's source so that it is configured to my system?

thanks in advance

Last edited by Laptop2250; 10-21-2003 at 09:53 PM.
 
Old 10-21-2003, 09:45 PM   #2
trickykid
LQ Guru
 
Registered: Jan 2001
Posts: 24,149

Rep: Reputation: 235Reputation: 235Reputation: 235
Its really a preference really. In some cases you can find and install RPM's that are more suitable to your system setup, etc.
 
Old 10-21-2003, 09:55 PM   #3
wombatz
Registered User
 
Registered: Sep 2003
Location: New Zealand
Distribution: RedHat, ubuntu
Posts: 26

Rep: Reputation: 15
just a newbie myself Laptop2250 and have found rpm and tgz
just as eazy as each other. i think it comes down to preference.
I think if you get hold of the right rpm for your os you should have no problems.

wombatz

__________________________

H.A.N.D
 
Old 10-21-2003, 10:13 PM   #4
Laptop2250
Member
 
Registered: Oct 2003
Posts: 131

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 15
http://www.linuxquestions.org/questi...ticle&artid=15

things like this is why i like this site.. there is only a big answers button on the top right of this site that helps u out

anyway, i now know the diff's b/w rpms and gz's can somebody update me on what an i386 does? thanks
 
Old 10-21-2003, 10:20 PM   #5
frandalla
Member
 
Registered: Oct 2003
Location: Tokyo - Japan
Distribution: Slackware
Posts: 348
Blog Entries: 1

Rep: Reputation: 37
First a little explanation:
We may say that .RPM files are like "setup.exe" or "install.exe". They are installation packages. .RPM files are the standard installation package for Red Hat, Mandrake and SuSe. ok? So let's go ahead.

Now we come to some differences: We have .TGZ files and .TAR.GZ

We may say that .TGZ files are just like .RPM files. .TGZ are installation packages aswell.
It is the standard installation package for Slackware Linux.

.TAR.GZ files are just like .ZIP files. You compress stuff in them. They often carry the source code of programs, so it's right to say that .TAR.GZ files are source code

i386 is the architecture of your system/computer. if your computer is a 386 or similar it will be i386, if it is a 486 or similar, then i486, if pentium, k6, Cyrix 5x86 it will be i586, anything in front of it is commonly called of i686 although you can have systems optimised for PIII, P4, DURON/ATHLON.

Hope my message can help you to solve the puzzle that is the many file types on linux.

P.S.: It's kinda hard but you may find .TGZ files that are just compressed files or installation packages for another operating system: FreeBSD. But don't worry, it will be specified the type of file on the page where you download it.
P.P.S.: You may also find installation packages .DEB. These packages are standard for Debian GNU/Linux.
 
Old 10-21-2003, 10:27 PM   #6
Laptop2250
Member
 
Registered: Oct 2003
Posts: 131

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 15
thanks that helped
 
Old 10-21-2003, 10:27 PM   #7
frandalla
Member
 
Registered: Oct 2003
Location: Tokyo - Japan
Distribution: Slackware
Posts: 348
Blog Entries: 1

Rep: Reputation: 37
Oh My post came a little later then yours but now I see you may be talking about .i386.bin files. They are just installation packages as well, usually they have installers like windows/dos have. The i386 just specifies the architecture as you may see the explanation in my last post. To execute then just do one of the following:
A)
i) chmod 755 archive.i386.bin
ii) ./archive.i386.bin

or

B)
i) sh archive.i386.bin

Hope this is what you want. If it's not try to be more specific like giving an example name.

P.S.: I'm not quite sure if the second option (letter B) will always work.
 
Old 10-21-2003, 10:35 PM   #8
Laptop2250
Member
 
Registered: Oct 2003
Posts: 131

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 15
yeah it did help, i only learned about the i368, now knowing im i686, from deciding which package i should download to update my certificate for up2date

now i tried installing checkinstall, and from previous experience i know i need libs in other stuff, so i got the error

make[1]: gcc: Command not found
make[1]: *** [installwatch.o] Error 127
make[1]: Leaving directory `/home/understandlinux/Source/checkinstall-1.5.3/installwatch-0.6.3'
make: *** [all] Error 2

so could you tell me a good place to get libs and gcc so if i ever get more errors i'll know where to look

the whole message was (in case that wasn't that whole error):
make -C installwatch-0.6.3
make[1]: Entering directory `/home/understandlinux/Source/checkinstall-1.5.3/installwatch-0.6.3'
gcc -Wall -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -DPIC -fPIC -D_REENTRANT -DVERSION=\"0.6.2\" installwatch.c
make[1]: gcc: Command not found
make[1]: *** [installwatch.o] Error 127
make[1]: Leaving directory `/home/understandlinux/Source/checkinstall-1.5.3/installwatch-0.6.3'
make: *** [all] Error 2
 
Old 10-22-2003, 12:09 PM   #9
stickman
Senior Member
 
Registered: Sep 2002
Location: Nashville, TN
Posts: 1,552

Rep: Reputation: 53
Quote:
Originally posted by frandalla
Now we come to some differences: We have .TGZ files and .TAR.GZ
Not to meaning to muddle up the previous explanation, but .tgz and .tar.gz files are essentially the same thing- a collection of files that have been tar'd and gzip'd. The contents of both can be either source files or binaries depending on the preference of the developer. Similarly, you can also get RPMs with either source or binary files. How each is used really depends on the package maintainer.
 
Old 10-22-2003, 01:40 PM   #10
kasperhans
Member
 
Registered: Oct 2003
Location: right behind the moon
Distribution: gentoo
Posts: 466

Rep: Reputation: 30
tar.gz are normally source files
tgz are package files for slackware but can also be source files

what you like better depends on the time you want to spent and many different things
 
  


Reply


Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is Off
HTML code is Off



Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
rpm to tgz converter corbis_demon Slackware 10 07-26-2005 09:35 PM
rpm to tgz oDyman Slackware 10 10-25-2004 07:06 AM
tgz vs. rpm vs. source? Joey.Dale Linux - Distributions 3 01-08-2004 10:02 PM
vsftpd and rpm to tgz conversion ghight Slackware 3 12-31-2003 10:26 AM
installing rpm and tgz packages?? Ikik General 6 10-07-2003 09:00 AM

LinuxQuestions.org > Forums > Linux Forums > Linux - Newbie

All times are GMT -5. The time now is 12:39 AM.

Main Menu
Advertisement
My LQ
Write for LQ
LinuxQuestions.org is looking for people interested in writing Editorials, Articles, Reviews, and more. If you'd like to contribute content, let us know.
Main Menu
Syndicate
RSS1  Latest Threads
RSS1  LQ News
Twitter: @linuxquestions
Facebook: linuxquestions Google+: linuxquestions
Open Source Consulting | Domain Registration