Help answer threads with 0 replies.
Go Back > Forums > Linux Forums > Linux - Newbie
User Name
Linux - Newbie This Linux forum is for members that are new to Linux.
Just starting out and have a question? If it is not in the man pages or the how-to's this is the place!


  Search this Thread
Old 06-21-2005, 11:12 AM   #1
LQ Newbie
Registered: Jun 2005
Posts: 1

Rep: Reputation: 0

Hello everyone,

I am a new Linux user and I have some questions that may sound stupid but are really important to me.
First, I want to know why I have to create a root partition when installing Linux on my computer.

I'd also like to get a link to where I can know what the various system files are for e.g the ext3 and the swap system files.

Finally, I want to know the function of RAID option that shows up at the partitioning part during installation process and what a Boot loader is.
Answers to these questions or a link to where I can learn more will be appreciated.

Thank you in advance.

Old 06-21-2005, 11:30 AM   #2
Senior Member
Registered: Aug 2003
Location: Upstate
Distribution: Debian, Mint, Mythbuntu
Posts: 1,248

Rep: Reputation: 79
A root partition is like your "C" drive in windows. It is where all your system files are stored. The disk is divided into separate partitions. For Linux, there are typically at least two partitions. One is the root partition, the other is a swap partition that functions as virtual memory. You can make many more partitions if you like, but it isn't necassary and probably makes things more confusing for a new user.
Old 06-21-2005, 01:36 PM   #3
Registered: Aug 2003
Location: Omaha, NE, USA
Distribution: PCLinuxOS 2007
Posts: 808

Rep: Reputation: 30
m_yates handled the "root partition" well.

As for file systems, swap is used for just that: swap space. Anytime the OS needs more RAM than you have installed, it can use the swap prtition like (very slow) RAM. Other filesystems include:
  • ext2 -- the old standard *nix filesystem.
  • ext3 -- the "new" standard *nix filesystem. Basically it is ext2 with journaling added.
  • ReiserFS - another journalling file system
  • XFS, JFS, etc. -- more journalling file systems.
Most users use ext3, or Reiser, but the other systems have their niches.

RAID - Do you have a RAID system? I would assume that's why the option is present. (Which distro, by the way?)

BootLoader - This is what handles the bootup of your computer. It is very small, residing the the "boot sector" of your primary hard disk, and tells the computer what program(s) should be run when it boots. Windows XP uses "ntloader", a proprietary bootloader that can only boot into Windows (without some knowledge in how to change it). Linux uses lilo or grub, depending on the user's desire at installation. Both of these can handle any number of Linux distros *and* Windows easily.


Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is Off
HTML code is Off

Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
RHEL3 Mounting USB after reboot and between reboots: root and non-root users Luis Nunes Linux - Hardware 0 07-20-2005 09:32 AM
IntelliMouse thumb buttons work as root, broken as non-root user, wheel works always digital vortex Linux - Hardware 7 03-02-2004 05:14 PM
root files: create as root:root or root:wheel? pcass Linux - Security 1 02-07-2004 05:14 PM
cant resize root thru rescue, auto mounts root dir absolutal Linux - Newbie 0 06-18-2003 04:06 PM
Why does kppp.desktop require root userid for non-root user? Linux - Networking 4 08-27-2001 10:18 AM > Forums > Linux Forums > Linux - Newbie

All times are GMT -5. The time now is 11:28 PM.

Main Menu
Write for LQ is looking for people interested in writing Editorials, Articles, Reviews, and more. If you'd like to contribute content, let us know.
Main Menu
RSS1  Latest Threads
RSS1  LQ News
Twitter: @linuxquestions
Open Source Consulting | Domain Registration