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Old 04-17-2007, 10:42 AM   #1
ovan
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Question Resizing Linux Partitions


Hi, i have a problem with my mandriva 2006 web server. I have set it up several mouths ago, but the problem is i have miscalculating the hard drive space for ROOT. One day, that server suddenly stuck, it doesn't responding at all. After i restarting it,it only goes on console (with squid goes down) & couldn't go to startx. The problem as i rad in the LOG, the root has exceeding space quota.

I wonder if there is any way to resizing my mandriva 2006 partition...

Last edited by ovan; 04-17-2007 at 10:44 AM.
 
Old 04-17-2007, 10:54 AM   #2
ramram29
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First, what partition type do you have, ext3 or reiserfs?

You can resize ext3 with the resize2fs command. Make sure you backup first.
 
Old 04-17-2007, 10:56 AM   #3
bigrigdriver
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First, do some housecleaning. Clear out browser caches; they accumulate files/icons/etc which uses up disk space.

Then clear out rotated logs in /var/log. Look for logs with .gz or .old extensions. Unless there is compelling reason to keep them, I'd delete them.

Look into /var/spool, /var/tmp, and /tmp for accumulated files that can be deleted.

Then try startx. GUI needs disk space for temporary files in order for the GUI to start. Clearing out unnecessary cache and log files can give you that room.

Then tell us how your disk partitions are organized. Whether or not you can resize the Mandriva partition depends on where the free space is on the disk.
 
Old 04-17-2007, 12:36 PM   #4
ovan
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I have done the clear out for all of those LOGS, still... the system could only work for 3 days max. Meanwhile, the home partitions has plenty of free space. i'd like to enlarge the root partition by reducing home free space.
I'm afraid to use the "resize2fs" command, the chance for system fail is bigger. I've heard about GPARTED software,but i never tried it before, i just knew it from google.
Is there any software such as partition magic on windows to resize, maintain,etc partitions.?
 
Old 04-17-2007, 12:54 PM   #5
cseanburns
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Here's a good tutorial on gparted:

http://www.howtoforge.com/partitioning_with_gparted
 
Old 04-17-2007, 01:01 PM   #6
ovan
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However, is gparted really reliable for customizing mandriva 2006 partitions.?
Is there any other software for partitions customizing in linux.?


Quote:
Originally Posted by cseanburns
Here's a good tutorial on gparted:

http://www.howtoforge.com/partitioning_with_gparted
 
Old 04-17-2007, 03:57 PM   #7
Junior Hacker
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I tested out gparted just the other day and it did a great job. I only had a / partition and a swap, I shrunk the / to the left and shrunk swap to the right, created a /home with the free space in between. Then I shrunk /home to the right (moving the beginning of the partition), and expanded the / partition without any problems on Mandrake 10.2.
I also have bootitng which is a boot manager with many flawless partitioning tools, but it is a little more complicated as it can only resize the partitions, the Linux filesystem has to be shrunk/expanded with the resize2fs command.
When it comes to version numbers of software, using CVS, if the version is below number 1 it is still considered unstable, version 1 and above is stable. Gparted is well below number 1, bootitng is at 1.8, bootitng is under the shareware license and comes with a 30 day trial after it is installed for the boot manager features, the partitioning tools don't require you to install it, they can be used from a floppy or CD.
But gparted seemed to work great and not so complicated with native Linux file system.

EDIT: You do not want to change the position of the 1st sector (beginning) of the /boot or / partition depending on whether or not you have a /boot partition with gparted. You can grow the / at the end of the partition no problem.

Last edited by Junior Hacker; 04-17-2007 at 04:01 PM.
 
Old 04-17-2007, 04:07 PM   #8
grahamatlq
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yes and yes

GParted is not distribution dependent.

I'd use a live CD like ubuntu or knoppix.

Boot the CD and do the partition resizing from it.

There's QTParted for KDE but I've found it buggy, last thing you need in a partitioning tool!

They are both based on GUIing the command line "parted" and adding in other tools like "fsck" and "fdisk"

Here's a tip for you: the ntfsresize tool for resizing your windows partitions in Partition Magic and Arconis is the same open source tool in GParted, so don't worry about GParted's quality.

Graham (linuxquestions at grahams dot idps dot co dot uk)
 
Old 04-17-2007, 11:23 PM   #9
ovan
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Ok guys... Thanks everybody...
I think i will try the GParted
 
  


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