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Old 10-13-2005, 08:30 PM   #1
linuxguy2006
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Registered: Sep 2005
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QTParted Info


Hi

I was trying to install Ubutu on my 30GB HDD preloaded with Win XP when I bumped into this partition info after running QTParted

Not sure what it means and how I should proceed with partition ... I need help here

MS-DOS Fat16 Allocated: 47.02MB /dev/hda1
Win NTFS Allocated : 24.3GB USED: 13GB Active /dev/hda2
Win Fat32 Allocated: 3.5GB Used: 1.93GB /dev/hda3
- - Allocated: 7.84MB /dev/hda-1


I am not sure what (1) and (4) mean

Can you let me know how I should proceed from here

I wish to have 9GB for Ubutu and the rest for XP

Thanks
LG
 
Old 10-14-2005, 01:34 PM   #2
folkenfanel
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Registered: Sep 2004
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And this is how you HD is partitioned...

Hi

This is your hard disk

all the disk is called hda and is 30gb large
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
hda1 (47mb) | hda2 (24 gb) | hda3 (3.5 gb) |freespace 7mb
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


hda1= fat16
hda2=ntfs
hda3=fat32

This means you maybe have a C and D drives and cannot see /dev/hda1 ( i cannot understand the utility of having a small fat16 partition at the beginning of the hd).




A hard disk is like a house. The partitions would be the "rooms". With the advantage that you can decide how to and are able to rearrange the space in those rooms.

This is how Linux handles the hard disks and partitions

/dev/hda --> this means your primary IDE hard disk.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
hda (80gb)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

for example. This is a "house with outer walls but no rooms"

Take a look at this

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
hda1(20gb) | hda-1 (60gb)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

In this case we have a partition (it's like a room) called hda1 which size is 20gb. All the other 60gb in the HD are not partitioned and therefore not used.

The partitions can be primary or extended/logical. Windows generally requires a primary active partition to boot from. Linux can boot from a logical partition. There can be only one active primary partition at one time.

There can be only 4 primary partitions in your HD. (or 3 and an extended) However, there
can be a large number of logical partitions INSIDE the extended partition. Generally is a good idea to have an operative system that can not boot from a logical partition installed in the first primary partition, and OSes that can do so installed in logical partitions.

The extended partition would be like a big room with concrete walls inside which there are smaller rooms with wooden (or glass) walls that are the logical partitions.

all the disk is hda
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
hda1 (20gb) | hda2(extended) {hda5 20gb} {hda6 20gb} | hda-1 (20gb free space)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

In this case we have a primary partition; and an extended partition that houses 2 logical partitions inside it.

<hda1> <hda2 <hda5><hda6> >
notice that hda5 and hda6 are INSIDE hda2.

I advice to partition your hard disk as following:

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
hda1 (10gb) | hda2(ext) {hda5 9gb} {hda6 11gb } |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

with these filessystems:

hda1=10gb ntfs of vfat(fat32) for WinXP
hda5=9gb any linux journaled filesystem for Ubuntu
hda6=11gb vfat(fat32) for data.

I advice having a separate partition in fat32 for data because fat32 is a system that can be easily managed from both Windows and Linux. (not as ntfs). But if you want you can have a single partition for Windows and another for Linux. That's up to you

If you decide having a single partition for Windows and another one for Linux I advice you to use fat32. I advice you to use an extended partition for Linux.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
hda1 (21gb fat32) | hda2(extended) {hda5 9gb} |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

with

hda1=21gb fat32 (or ntfs)
hda5= 9gb any linux journaled fs (reiserfs for example)

If you decide to convert your NTFS to FAT32 I advice to do so from Windows using Partition Magic.

Good luck!
 
Old 10-14-2005, 01:36 PM   #3
folkenfanel
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Registered: Sep 2004
Location: formerly Fanelia and Zaibach
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the graphics

weren't as good but you can try seeing them in qtparted. there is also a good utility called gparted.

good luck!
 
  


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