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SavoTU 04-13-2005 05:10 AM

Newbie having problems with getting hardware to work all the time
hello, I Finlay got around to removing XP and installing Suse 9.2 and it has all been going well got most stuff i need working just 2 problems.

1, My USB mouse will work sometimes but not all of the time if i boot and it doesn't work then i have to reboot, sometime with ctrl alt Del and some times with the rest switch as my usb keyboard doesn't always work either.

2, My sound will not work until i have ran Sound on the hardware section of the Yast Control center and as soon as that has ran through sound is fine again?

So being new i have no idea why this is happening or how to fix it, i have searched here and google but am still clueless so any help would be nice.

On a side note if any one could advise of any reading material to explain the file system and what all folders are for that would be a big help to as it took me 20 mins to find where java was installed to yesterday.

Thanks Savo.

bru 04-13-2005 09:23 AM

As for the usb probmlems... I couldn't tell you, however if you were to post the config. file for your usb mouse/keyboard some one else here might be able to help you.

As for reading, try googling SUSE's site (read: * [plug this into google's search box]), and If you purchased SUSE check out the manual that came with it, should have tons of stuff in it; my old SuSe 8.2 manual still has some good info (wishing that It was not put into storage). Another google refrence would be and ask it about SUSE file system lay outs.


bunyip 04-13-2005 10:37 AM

Lo SavoTU,

Unfortunately can'T help much with your USB or your sound problems (I have neither on my box), but as regards your last questions, I can heartily recommend the following:

Paul Scheer's book 'RUTE', spec. the following chapter in your case:

As regards finding java (I'm sure there's a film title in there somewhere) try typing 'whereis java' and/or 'whereis jre' in a terminal/console.


jonaskoelker 04-13-2005 08:51 PM

for sound (the 2-minute tutorial), see

for finding files:
if it's a program (say, emacs):
$ which emacs
if that doesn't work:
$ locate emacs
to use locate, a database must be make; updatedb does that, see the man page.
if all else fails:
$ find / -name 'emacs' # or -iname 'emacs'

file system:
/home/yourname: this is where you store all your mp3z; I install custom-built programs here as well.

/bin, /sbin, /usr/bin, /usr/local/bin: location for binary programs. These are where (yast, apt, rpm, yum, w/e) installs the executable files.

/etc: this is where configuration files go. Think of it as fulfilling most of the same functions and the registry database, minus HKEY_Current_User (or what it's called)--that data would typically go into your home directory as hidden files (<=> files that start with a dot). Also, startup scripts (think autoexec.bat) goes here as well.

/tmp: temporary files.

/var: various files, such as the print and mail spools, cache of downloaded packages, (by default) html files to be served if you're running a web server. It probably varies a bit from distro to distro what will be put here.

/dev: device files.
To understand this, you need to get the central unix idea that everything is a file (even things that aren't a `real' file). For example, you can find /dev/hda, which represents your primary (only?) hard disk. Another classic is /dev/null; compare (GNU/Linux) echo "foo" > /dev/null to (dos) echo "foo" > NUL
Typicall, relatively few changes are made to this directory.

files representing data about running processes. For example, /proc/kcore represents most (all?) of your RAM.

/mnt: a place for mounting (non-removable) devices
/cdrom, /floppy (if you have them): a place for mounting CDs and floppies. look through /etc/fstab

hth --Jonas

masonm 04-13-2005 10:34 PM

/var variable sized files. these are files, such as logs. which are not a fixed size and who's size changes a lot.

/mnt on most systems all filesystems including removables such as cdroms and floppies are mounted in here. Mounting simply means, basically, made available and readable to you

/home just what it sounds like. your home directory

/boot again just what it sounds like, booting related stuff

/etc configuration files

there is a lot of good information available on the net to learn more about Linux. Google is your friend. :)

SavoTU 04-14-2005 06:21 AM

Thanks for the info, i think i have fixed the USB problems by turning it off in the Bios (well it worked the last 3 boots). The finding files i did find Find Folders and a now reading up on the file system and starting to get there.

As for the sound i read the post and kinda understand but will have to look into it some more, its not to much of an issue tho cause it only takes 30 secs to get it going after boot.

Thanks Again


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