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Old 05-17-2003, 04:44 PM   #16
Registered: Mar 2003
Location: Scotland
Distribution: Slackware, RedHat, Debian
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Originally posted by Socka
thank you , i have learned a lot from you.
another question
it is useful to copy the output of the console
and it is easy to do it in the X environment
is there ways to copy the output of the console before use "startx"?
You should see this on the console screen - if it goes of the top of the screen - try paging up using:

To go down:

To stop the prompts when you remove a directory use -f ie to remove a directory recursively and without prompts:
rm -rf directory

OldBob you may be interested to know that when using su you do not actually login as root - instead you merely inherit the permissions of root. To login as root using su you need to use:
su -

This creates a new login shell for the user environment. You can also su to a user other than root by doing:
su - bob
Old 05-17-2003, 05:22 PM   #17
Registered: May 2003
Location: New Jersey
Distribution: Red Hat 8.0 + PCLinuxOS - 2007
Posts: 160

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You well might be ahead of me, so I can't offer much advice.

But, here is the link [to another Linux forum] that I promised.

it has "commands" plus a lot more !
Old 05-17-2003, 06:10 PM   #18
Senior Member
Registered: Nov 2002
Location: Edmonton AB, Canada
Distribution: Gentoo x86_64; Gentoo PPC; FreeBSD; OS X 10.9.4
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This is one of the best books for begginers that I have found. Good info on the basics, and finding your way around the command line:
Old 05-17-2003, 06:41 PM   #19
Registered: Feb 2003
Distribution: Gentoo
Posts: 381

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If you need a hot key similar to ctrl+alt+del, try ctrl+alt+backspace; it stops the X server.
Old 05-17-2003, 08:08 PM   #20
Jane Delawney
Registered: Dec 2002
Location: UK
Distribution: Mandy 9.1, Knoppix :)
Posts: 146

Rep: Reputation: 15
To remove all the files within a directory you have to use the -r flag (r for recursive) will remove directory and all its contents. If you don't want to be asked to confirm every removal you can also use the -f flag (f for force).

as in: $ rm -rf <directory>

Be careful, be very very careful, with this command, especially if you are root. In fact unless you're very awake, very sober, and know exactly what you are doing, it's probably best not to run this command as root at all. There's a reason for david's .sig warning. Immediately after the / , with no space, you enter the directory name (as eg. rm -rf /myfiles) if you make a typo and put a space in (rm -rf / myfiles) the system will read the / *only* and operate on that....and in *nix / indicates the root directory.

So if you did enter the command david has in his .sig as root, you'd remove every file in your root directory, and all files and directories dependent on it (ie. every file on your root filesystem) without being asked to confirm anything.

As you may appreciate this could suck a little bit Linux has no 'undo' function. Read man rm or info rm for further details and flags.

My most used commands are much as OldBob's; far and away the most used being pwd, because I'm always getting lost




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