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Old 08-04-2005, 06:08 PM   #1
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Log In As Shell? Don't know what that means

I know nothing about Linux, but have a dedicated server for all of my websites that uses Linux. I have one domain that's starting to use up a lot of space (over 600mb, 20mb additional in one day) and I was told by the hosting company I should log in as shell and look for large files under that domain, but I have no idea of how to do that, or even if that's the right thing to do. I'm supposed to be the only one with access to this server and I can't find anything wrong using FTP. Can someone tell me how to log in and how to look around on the server? Any suggestions of help would be greatly appreciated!
Old 08-04-2005, 06:24 PM   #2
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Generally you would use SSH to log in to a shell. A shell is basically a command prompt (think like a DOS prompt but much more capable). You can use the find command to search for files greater than a certain size/ You should type "man find" (no quotes) at the prompt to read its documentation, and then type q to quit. Navigating should be reasonably OK for you if you're at all familiar with DOS. I would suggest Googling for the Rute tutorial and exposition for a good tutorial for using the shell.
Old 08-04-2005, 06:25 PM   #3
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Shell is another term for a terminal or command line. Assuming you use Windows, you'll want to download a program called Putty at When you run it, type the address of your server in the box and click connect (provided your server is using the default settings; you may have a seperate URL for shell access and/or special parameters that need to be set; contact your host for details). You will be prompted for a username and a password.

When you enter the password, it is normal for characters not to show up. Once you get into the shell, you can use the following commands to navigate around :

ls - lists files in the current directory
vdir (may not be available) - more detailed information about files in the current directory. If this is not available, ls -l does roughly the same thing.
cd <path> - changes directory to <path> (replace <path> with the path you wish to navigate to)
rm <filename> - removes a file. You can replace parts with a * to indicate wildcards (typing rm *.html removes all .html files for example)


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