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Old 02-06-2004, 09:54 PM   #1
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Linux/Unix file structure and more


Where can I find a collection of information on what the various directories set up in a default linux installation are usually used for?

For instance, when I am unzipping and installing new software, what are the better (more common) places to put the files? /bin ? /etc?

Also, why do a lot of programs seem to have a "d" at the end, such as nmbd or smbd...what does it signify?

I guess what I'm looking for is a bit of information on common practices in linux administration and linux usage, and also some linux trivia and history.

google is helpful to find things piecemeal, but it gets harder and harder to find good general information these days :-)


Old 02-06-2004, 10:05 PM   #2
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Read this one for the file-system...

Things with a d at the end usually are demons.

Old 02-06-2004, 10:11 PM   #3
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# Linux filesystem structure
Directory Navigation Help File
Filesystems, Directories, and Devices Help File
Proper Filesystem Layout
Advanced filesystem implementor's guide (requires registration)
Old 02-07-2004, 02:55 AM   #4
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The letter 'd' that you see, means that this program(process) is a daemon process.

Daemon process are running in the background and most of their time they are waiting to receive a command from users or other process. For instance the "lpd" damon is the printer daemon that is running in the background when a user issues a print command the daemon takes care of the printing job.

There are a number of daemon processes running in the background you can get a list of them by typing:

# ps -ef | grep \?

Hope it would be useful.
Old 02-07-2004, 04:28 AM   #5
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as for file system you realy have 2 picks, u can do it the way its done there, or can rename nearly every folder if you want, just as long as you change the config for programs taht use it (if i renamed /var to /anoyingthings then i have to change every config that tells the logs to be put in /var, and if its hardwired into a program, then you need to change the program to use the difretn directory,), i say just sick with the normal stuff cuse some programs are just sooooo picky, and those ones you cant live without sadly


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