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Old 06-19-2005, 03:32 PM   #1
akiko_f
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Location: Orlando, FL, USA
Distribution: SuSe 9.3 Professional
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Unhappy Installing software in Linux


hello,

I am a newbie and I have just moved to Linux. I would like to know (in steps) about installing a software that I have downloded from the internet. For example, I downloaded Firefox in Suse and it comes with a ".tar" or ".gz" extension. I double click on it and it opens a folder. Now, I do not know which file to "double-click". There are no files with ".exe" extensions so I am kind of stuck! Please let me know in steps so I can follow and use them for any other installations

Thanks a lot

Aki
 
Old 06-19-2005, 03:51 PM   #2
craigevil
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HOWTO - Install Software [README]
http://www.linuxforums.org/tutorials...ial-19957.html
 
Old 06-19-2005, 04:00 PM   #3
dinolinux
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Registered: Jun 2005
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Hi!

Installing software in Linux is not so straightforward as in Windows. If you are using KDE, right click the tar.gz or tar.bz2 file and choose extract -> extract here. When the archive is unpacked you will see a new folder with the name of the software you're installing. Go into that directory by double clicking and press F4 on your keyboard. A console will pop up. In the console write:

Code:
./configure
It's important this process is completed successfully, if not look at the last line what's missing ad install the missing program. When this completed successfully type:
Code:
make
This also has to end successfully. Then type:
Code:
su
It will prompt for a password, write your root password (You set it when you installed Linux). Then type:
Code:
make install
Now your software is installed. To use it, type exit and type the name of the program you installed.
 
Old 06-19-2005, 04:05 PM   #4
akiko_f
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Hello dinolinux

Thanks for your feedback. I was always been intrigued by "./" notation. I have seen this on many websites and I could never figure that out. When I open a console I see

aki@linux:~>

so given your commands should I type:

aki@linux:~>./configure

Please let me know.

Aki
 
Old 06-19-2005, 04:20 PM   #5
dinolinux
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Hi!

First of all before doing ./configure make sure your're in the unpacked directory. For example you're building a program named helloworld-0.2.1 then type:
Code:
 aki@linux:~>cd helloworld-0.2.1
aki@linux:~>./configure
Then, your question:

On UNIX systems all executables reside in bin directories like /bin /usr/bin and so on. When you're installing software you need to run a script from the directory the software is in. You can't move the script to a bin directory. So when using the ./ you're telling the system that the script is in the current directory, not in some bin directory. You can try to run configure without the ./ and see what happens.
 
  


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