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Old 07-18-2018, 08:18 PM   #16
enginestar
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@tofino_surfer thanks for the reply.

- hiberbating... want for both windows and Linux
8GB ram - so I should set aside 8GB?
Not needed for Windows?

- slackware - I'll come back to after installing first Linux and running with that. thanks for the heads up.

STILL confused...
Let's say I use Gparted. I use to create 4 partitions. One of them 8GB for hiberbating.
Do I need to do anything extra? Like make partitions active/primary?
How about boot order?

I've heard other terms like UEFI. What do I choose? How do I know what is the correct one for me?

Apologies in advance: maybe it would all make sense if I just gave it a go. I spent time looking through the Gparted pages - lots of screenshots - but still somethings missing for me.

Thanks.
 
Old 07-18-2018, 11:55 PM   #17
tofino_surfer
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Quote:
- hibernating... want for both windows and Linux
8GB ram - so I should set aside 8GB?
Set aside 8 GB for a swap partition.

Quote:
Not needed for Windows?
I don't use Windows so I have no idea.

Quote:
Do I need to do anything extra? Like make partitions active/primary?
With GPT all 128 partitions are primary. With UEFI you will need at least one ESP (EFI System Partition).

Quote:
I've heard other terms like UEFI. What do I choose? How do I know what is the correct one for me?
All new motherboards are UEFI and newer versions of Windows 8+ require UEFI.

Last edited by tofino_surfer; 07-18-2018 at 11:58 PM.
 
Old 07-19-2018, 12:51 AM   #18
mrmazda
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Location: SE USA
Distribution: openSUSE 24/7; Debian, Knoppix, Mageia, Fedora, others
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Quote:
Originally Posted by enginestar View Post
'manually partitioning': i assume this is using gparted, then installing and choosing one of the ready made partitions?
Whether done in advance of beginning an installation , or using the partitioner integrated into a distro's installation system, manually means you select the sizes and order and formatting and mount points rather than the installer "suggesting" or dictating any or all of these.

The 120GB Mushkin SSD I bought last month I fully partitioned in advance for multiboot without windows thus:
Code:
# parted -l /dev/sda
Model: ATA MKNSSDSR120GB (scsi)
Disk /dev/sda: 120GB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: gpt
Disk Flags:

Number  Start   End     Size    File system     Name                        Flags
 1      1049kB  337MB   336MB   fat16           M12P01 EFI System (ESP)     boot, esp
 2      337MB   2174MB  1837MB  linux-swap(v1)  M12P02 Linux Swap           swap
 3      2174MB  2593MB  419MB   ext2            M12P03 Linux reservation
 4      2593MB  6787MB  4194MB  ext4            M12P04 Linux /usr/local
 5      6787MB  13.5GB  6711MB  ext4            M12P05 Linux /home
 6      13.5GB  26.7GB  13.2GB  ext4            M12P06 Linux /pub
 7      26.7GB  35.1GB  8389MB  ext4            M12P07 openSUSE Tumbleweed
 8      35.1GB  43.5GB  8389MB  ext4            M12P08 openSUSE 15.0
 9      43.5GB  51.9GB  8389MB  ext4            M12P09 available
10      51.9GB  60.3GB  8389MB  ext4            M12P10 Debian 10 Butch
11      60.3GB  68.7GB  8389MB  ext4            M12P11 Debian 10 Fat Butch
12      68.7GB  77.0GB  8389MB  ext4            M12P12 Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic
13      77.0GB  85.4GB  8389MB  ext4            M12P13 Debian 10 Butch 02
14      85.4GB  93.8GB  8389MB  ext4            M12P14 Buster mini mini
15      93.8GB  102GB   8389MB  ext4            M12P15 Buster standard
16      102GB   111GB   8389MB  ext4            M12P16 Linux Data todo
The sizes may look a bit odd. That's because I use a non-free cross-platform partitioner in which sizes are normally specified and listed in MiB instead of MB. In MiB their sizes are: 320,1752,400,4000,6400,12600,8000,8000,8000,8000,8000,8000,8000,8000,8000,8000.

What sizes you should use depends on how much you will rely on Windows, which needs more space than Linux largely because of its large swap and hibernation files. 48 or so GB should be enough for Win10 if you don't expect to load it with downloads and games. That would leave about 72GB for the rest if you can live without any Windows recovery partition, which I always do. Follows should be suitable for two distros in addition to Win10:
Code:
320MB FAT EFI/ESP
16MB Windows reserved
48GB Windows system NTFS
 8GB swap
18GB Linux distro / #1 EXT4
18GB Linux distro / #2 EXT4
27GB Linux /home EXT4 or XFS
 
  


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