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Old 11-28-2004, 03:31 PM   #1
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Installation Help

I am new to Linux , its even not installed on my computer yet because i have a question ( i just took a look at knoppix ).
I googled a bit an found out that Suse is good for beginners i downloaded the Personal Edition from an ftp, an burned it but before i started to install i thougth about how it would be. Thats why i didn`t install yet:

my fist thought was how to partition under linux i know xfdisk an that the linux file system differs from ntfs/fat . i heard things like:
"swap partition = doubled ram size" is that right?
are there rules how to make partitions, or can you tell me a good way that makes sens. i have 120GB HDD would be nice if anybody could make an example
or post a link to a tutorial would be nice eather.

Are there more thinks you guess i should know first, before i start the installation ?

yet i know i should boot my computer with "pci=bios acpi=force apic" from suse`s hardware db

I would like to read more tutorials maybe you could post some links

yea thats it thx4reading
Old 11-28-2004, 03:39 PM   #2
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A standard good way to partition is like this:

/boot partition (100MB)
/ (root) partition (as big as you think you'll need) (3-10 GB)
/home partition (the biggest as this is where all your personal files will be)
swap = 2xRAM (some installers whine if smaller) (128MB RAM = 256 MB swap and so on...)

Are you planning a dual boot? If not, there is nothing to be scared off. It's just your time on the line. If you're planning a dual boot, see to know what you are doing first

Good luck!
Old 11-28-2004, 03:47 PM   #3
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Linux filesystems are usually ext2, ext3, or resierfs.
"swap partition = doubled ram size" is that right?
This pretty much was the formula for back in the day when physical memory was expensive. Now, it's not. I mean, if you have 2 gigs of ram on the machine (and your machine is a simple web server), then it would be a complete waste of space to make your swap 4 gigs. Right? So, pretty much it all depends on what you are doing with your server and how much ram it has in it.

are there rules how to make partitions
Not really, u make your partitions based on what you need. You can make 1 single partition '/' and be fine with the install. For me, I like to separate '/', '/boot', '/home', '/var', and '/usr'.

Sorry, I don't know of any tutorials at the moment besides but just install it and have a crack at it. The more you mess with your system the better you get a feel for how it works. If you run into problems, then post them here and we would be glad to help! Good luck!

Old 11-28-2004, 04:09 PM   #4
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A seperate partition for /var is good security practice as it will stop some rogue log from overflowing and filling your root partition, thus making it impossible to boot. You also may want to consider a seperate partition for /tmp. Then you can mount it with the noexec flag in fstab and that will stop 90% of script kiddies in their tracks. Although some programs require it to be mounted executable (flexbackup for one). It's really up to you and what exactly your using your computer for.

I've never used a /boot partition, I don't find it necassary as long as your not mucking around in there. But definatly a seperate /home and / partitions are needed. As for swap, yeah that double the ram thing is sort of antiquiquated. I would put in a max of 1gb swap space depending on your ram.
Old 11-28-2004, 05:03 PM   #5
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