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Old 11-27-2008, 11:59 AM   #1
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insmod vs modprobe

I am going to have my LPI 102 exam Saturday. I am confused about insmod and modprobe . I find some of threads said that modprobe execute insmod and load the required modules automatically. Is it right? And when should insmod and modprobe use files like /etc/modules.conf , /etc/modprobe.conf and the path MODPATH,MODULECONF?

Last edited by python09; 11-27-2008 at 12:00 PM.
Old 11-27-2008, 04:15 PM   #2
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I used modprobe command to load new modules to the kernel. Have not used insmod. Linux has documentation on them, try:
> man modprobe
> man insmod
Old 11-27-2008, 10:30 PM   #3
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'insmod' will only inert a module into the kernel. It has no options, no diagnostic feedback, etc. It's a simple specialized tool.

'modprobe' is much more sophisticated: it can be verbose, can move modules in and out of the kernel and has some clever option combinations for those have to deal with kernels and modules.

Last edited by Tinkster; 10-30-2010 at 04:05 PM.
Old 11-28-2008, 12:28 AM   #4
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The big things in my opinion

modprobe will add modules, remove modules, and find module dependencies

insmod only adds an individual module, and does no dependency adding, so it will fail if dependencies are not already inserted.
Old 11-28-2008, 12:35 AM   #5
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I believe that the difference is that modprobe will cause a kernel module to be loaded from the installed kernel from the /lib/modules directory, whereas insmod will load any particular .ko file you point it at, whether in /lib/modules or not. insmod, combined with rmmod, is useful when working on a module; allowing you to recompile just the module and test it, without having to do a whole kernel compile, or hack at your /lib/modules files, potentially making your kernel unbootable.
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Old 11-28-2008, 12:44 PM   #6
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When I see some things that use "insmod" they all seem to give the full path name to the module, while modprobe just has the name of the module without the ".ko". Oh, yeah, and modprobe will complain about dependencies!


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