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Old 08-06-2013, 05:58 AM   #1
mirzasoltan
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Registered: Oct 2010
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grub problem


hi everyone,

i had Fedora 15, and Centos 5.5 in my pc, fedora in a hard disk (/dev/sda) and centos in another hard disk (/dev/sdb)
i add third hard disk (/dev/sdc) and install ubuntu 10.4 in it. after installing ubuntu, centos gone from grub list, in grub there is just ubuntu and fedora.

how can i fix it?!
i try grub recovery and just found ubuntu and fedora, not centos.
tanx.
 
Old 08-06-2013, 06:04 AM   #2
EDDY1
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Try mounting centos partitions & running update-grub
 
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Old 08-06-2013, 06:24 AM   #3
mirzasoltan
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root@ardaneh-ubuntu:~# mkdir /media/centos
root@ardaneh-ubuntu:~# mount /dev/sdb2 /media/centos/
root@ardaneh-ubuntu:~# ls /media/centos/
bin boot dev etc home lib lost+found media misc mnt opt poweroff proc root sbin selinux srv sys tftpboot tmp usr var
root@ardaneh-ubuntu:~# update-grub
Generating grub.cfg ...
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.32-50-generic-pae
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-2.6.32-50-generic-pae
Found memtest86+ image: /memtest86+.bin
Found Fedora release 15 (Lovelock) on /dev/sda2
Found CentOS release 5.9 (Final) on /dev/sdb2
done
root@ardaneh-ubuntu:~# cat /boot/grub/grub.cfg
...
### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###
menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.32-50-generic-pae' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os {
recordfail
insmod ext2
set root='(hd2,1)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set c7f7ea49-4178-404b-8460-2d723ecc2c38
linux /vmlinuz-2.6.32-50-generic-pae root=UUID=6909eb58-c9fe-469c-808c-0f5685bba641 ro quiet splash
initrd /initrd.img-2.6.32-50-generic-pae
}
menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.32-50-generic-pae (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os {
recordfail
insmod ext2
set root='(hd2,1)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set c7f7ea49-4178-404b-8460-2d723ecc2c38
echo 'Loading Linux 2.6.32-50-generic-pae ...'
linux /vmlinuz-2.6.32-50-generic-pae root=UUID=6909eb58-c9fe-469c-808c-0f5685bba641 ro single
echo 'Loading initial ramdisk ...'
initrd /initrd.img-2.6.32-50-generic-pae
}
### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ###
menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+)" {
insmod ext2
set root='(hd2,1)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set c7f7ea49-4178-404b-8460-2d723ecc2c38
linux16 /memtest86+.bin
}
menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+, serial console 115200)" {
insmod ext2
set root='(hd2,1)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set c7f7ea49-4178-404b-8460-2d723ecc2c38
linux16 /memtest86+.bin console=ttyS0,115200n8
}
### END /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###
menuentry "Fedora (2.6.40.6-0.fc15.x86_64) (on /dev/sda2)" {
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,1)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set e889a008-6616-4388-a1ed-fc9e2b8b35b0
linux /vmlinuz-2.6.40.6-0.fc15.x86_64 ro root=UUID=82b3a603-bbb9-4c45-bd36-e899592576e4 rd_NO_LUKS rd_NO_LVM rd_NO_MD rd_NO_DM LANG=en_US.UTF-8 SYSFONT=latarcyrheb-sun16 KEYTABLE=us rhgb quiet
initrd /initramfs-2.6.40.6-0.fc15.x86_64.img
}
### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###
# This file provides an easy way to add custom menu entries. Simply type the
# menu entries you want to add after this comment. Be careful not to change
# the 'exec tail' line above.
### END /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###
root@ardaneh-ubuntu:~#


Centos detected but dont add in grub.cfg list.
 
Old 08-06-2013, 08:03 AM   #4
EDDY1
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Quote:
root@ardaneh-ubuntu:~# update-grub
Generating grub.cfg ...
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.32-50-generic-pae
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-2.6.32-50-generic-pae
Found memtest86+ image: /memtest86+.bin
Found Fedora release 15 (Lovelock) on /dev/sda2
Found CentOS release 5.9 (Final) on /dev/sdb2
done
It shows detected have you rebooted?
 
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Old 08-06-2013, 08:30 AM   #5
mirzasoltan
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Quote:
Originally Posted by EDDY1 View Post
It shows detected have you rebooted?
yes, i do it many times after "update-grub" from ubuntu/terminal and from ubuntu recovery mode, but every time i reboot in grub just ubuntu, ubuntu recovery, memory test and fedora appear. there is no line for centos.
 
Old 08-06-2013, 09:59 AM   #6
aus9
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Location: Australia
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hi

the first thing you noticed was that your menu was missing a detected OS
but notice that the first entries are for ubuntu
---so you must have have booted into ubuntu or you must have had ubuntu install its grub into MBR of something and take over.

Ideally as each drive has a mbr......but we don't know your bios boot order.....I suggest you want fedora on sda to be the controlling grub?

so try manual commands to get in

at grub menu press C for commands
Code:
set root=(hd0,2)
linux /boot/vml (and press TAB key to autocomplete kernel name,
----you must see something that resembles fedora or I have it wrong so don't continue this way
(lets pretend)
linux /boot/vmlinuz-fedora root=/dev/sda2
initrd /boot/init (and press TAB key to auto complete and choose the matching k to initrd numbers
boot
you have just booted into fedora....assuming grub2 now fix up fedora grub2

Code:
sudo grub-install /dev/sda
re-puts fedora's grub into mbr of sda

may or may not find the other 2 OS but I assume you have os-prober installed in fedora

good luck

#####
set root=(hd0,2) tells grub to look for fedora's /boot partition at hd0,2
if you have a separate /boot partition to / for fedora then change it twice
once for the set root command and drop the leading /boot from the linux and initrd line
 
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Old 08-06-2013, 10:00 AM   #7
aus9
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if you have some weird partition type you need to tell us....as we may need to insmod <module> for strange partition type
 
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Old 08-06-2013, 11:07 AM   #8
Soadyheid
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I'm having the same problem after installing Ubuntu 12.04 which has re-written the Grub config files and my Centos system is missing. It may be because Centos uses LVM and I've got it installed over an 8 disk RAID (Yes, I know, total overkill and pointless.) The volume shows up as /dev/cciss0 or something, it's on an HP SmartArray.

The last time I got it working, I had to manually "knit" the 40_custom file to get it to be recognised. So far it gives me "Centos" as a boot option but can't find the kernel. (It was 01:00 this morning when I gave up so I've still a bit of work to do.) I had to define the Root volume by its UUID which worked last time.

Interesting that your system acknowledgd that you had Centos as a choice, mine never has.

I shall watch this post with interest...

Play Bonny!

 
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Old 08-08-2013, 02:09 AM   #9
mirzasoltan
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Registered: Oct 2010
Posts: 28

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tanx everyone for all of your suggestion,
i can not use them but i learn many things
i finally replace ubuntu 12.04.2 Desktop edition with ubuntu 10.4 and my problem solved.
now in grub i have ubuntu, fedora and centos together.

good luck everyone.
 
Old 08-08-2013, 10:10 AM   #10
EDDY1
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Quote:
Originally Posted by mirzasoltan View Post
tanx everyone for all of your suggestion,
i can not use them but i learn many things
i finally replace ubuntu 12.04.2 Desktop edition with ubuntu 10.4 and my problem solved.
now in grub i have ubuntu, fedora and centos together.

good luck everyone.
It's great to know that
you haveit worked out.
 
  


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