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rssguy 04-21-2005 11:21 AM

Formatting my com for Linux
How do I format my computer's HDD to prepare for Linux?

Currently, I have 4 partitions, all in NTFS format. After reading through some related threads in LQ, I realise that NTFS writing is not well supported.

I am planning to spare perhaps 2 partitions to make way for Linux. What format should I make them? And how?


johnson_steve 04-21-2005 11:28 AM

use a linux fs type like Ext2 or reiser, but linux should do this for you when you install. just remove the partitions you want to use with linux and leave the empty space. any good distro should take care of the formating for you.

Itzac 04-21-2005 11:50 AM

The actual partioning scheme you use depends on things like how much RAM you have, and what you plan on doing with the machine. You can find dozens of recommendations on this site. You really only need two partitions:

Swap: 2xRAM - 512MB
Root: big enough to for the entire linux OS (1GB+ depending on distro).

(And you can actually get away without swap if you know what you're doing, and you have oodles of RAM.)

Some people like to put different parts of the file system onto other partitions. If you're just using this machine as a PC then I'd recommend seperate partitions for /usr (2-5GB, this is where all user-space programs land) and /home (this is where each user's files are kept). Some peolple like to have /boot on its own partition, but I've never bothered.

Finally, remember to create an extended partition to put all of these other partitions into. You'd also be ahead to put the swap partition at the very end of the disk, since this part usually gets slightly higher read speeds than the beginning.

rssguy 04-23-2005 04:58 AM

Thanks for the advice, johnson_steve and Itzac. :)

I will try out the installation after I can get Knoppix to connect to the net.

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