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moneymayweather 12-22-2013 01:49 AM

Few basic questions about Linux
 
1) What Linux distribution would you suggest for me to use as a Desktop in a workplace to replace Windows 7 Professional? Why and does my current environment support it?

2) How much is it going to cost me? How does the cost of this new equipment compared to what cost the cost of Windows 7?

3) What Windows 7 applications are compatible with this new Linux distro?

4) How long will it take me to learn and get comfortable with this Linux distro?

cmd-line34 12-22-2013 02:12 AM

Hello, and welcome to Linux questions!

For question #1, it is all on personal taste. You can grab a few distros (this is short for distribution). There are no super close ones to Windows 7. A few to look into are (for what beginners seem to like anyway) Ubuntu, Linux Mint, and openSUSE. My favorite is Debian, but it takes a little bit more knowledge of the command line. Slackware seems to also be popular in this particular forum. I recommend researching a little more on this subject because everyone's taste is different.

For question #2, all of the ones stated above are FREE. This is because they are open source, which means that everyone has open access to the original source code of the OS. There no paid linux distros that I am aware of.

for question #3, there are not a lot of software that is directly comparable with windows 7 software. You are going to have to give examples of software that you use. You can, however, emulate windows programs using a fancy program called WINEhq. Again, just do some research.

Your last question, #4, I can't really answer that. I really depends how willing you want to learn about your distro.

Hope this helps! Also, Try and post some of the software that you use commonly. I am sure someone can compare it.

chrism01 12-22-2013 02:13 AM

1. this largely depends on exactly what you are going to use it for and how technical you are prepared to be.
There are many distributions see eg www.distrowatch.com

What exactly do you mean by
Quote:

does my current environment support it?
If you mean your HW, please tell us what it is; in fact, tell us anyway.

2. Most distros are free to download/install/use, but you can pay for some. These usually include support, as opposed to 'self-support' eg via LQ, google etc.
They all include updates.

3. No MSWin programs run natively on Linux, as the OS internals are different.
However, some Apps are available on both OSes eg Firefox browser etc and there are Linux equivalents for most other apps eg http://wiki.linuxquestions.org/wiki/...ndows_software.

(As above, you can try the WINE MS 'emulator' env; check their website for compatibility for each app: http://www.winehq.org/)

4. Too open a qn... how long did it take you to learn MS?
Are you prepared to put some effort in?

cmd-line34 12-22-2013 02:32 AM

Also, this may be helpful. Forgot to post this . . .
http://linux.oneandoneis2.org/LNW.htm
Basically this explains why Linux is not Windows. May I note that Linux is NOT a Windows Clone. This is one thing that new Linux users don't understand, is that Linux did not have Windows in mind when it was created.

Hope this also helps :).

nxja 12-22-2013 03:49 AM

also java (jre) programs should run in different oses. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross-...#Java_platform.

your type of display might affect your gui choices.

DavidMcCann 12-22-2013 12:14 PM

If your hardware supports Windows 7, it's good enough for Linux, which is far less greedy. The only problem may be your printer: search on line for its model name plus "linux" and see if there are any problems. Generally speaking, the better the printer, the more likely it is to have Linux support.

If you have any custom or unusual applications, you may have to run them using the compatibility tool Wine. It's generally better to get used to proper Linux applications, though. Normally, anything you can do in Windows can be done in Linux: this is a guide to equivalent software:
http://linuxappfinder.com/alternatives

You say that this is going to be for work, so you want something that's stable when it's released and supported for a number of years: not some hobbyist distro, full of bleeding-edge software and with a six-month release cycle. The candidates are

1. CentOS. This is a free version of Red Hat, so very reliable and with 7 (10?) years support for security patches.
http://www.linuxquestions.org/review...p/product/2525
http://distrowatch.gdsw.at/table.php...ibution=centos

2. Debian Stable. Currently the most popular distro on webservers: reliable with 3 years' support. Not quite so friendly to configure if you have any unusual requirements, though.
http://www.linuxquestions.org/review...p/product/2596
http://distrowatch.gdsw.at/table.php...ibution=debian

3. Salix. Basically Slackware with lots of extra programs and configuration tools. Equally reliable, with 5 years' support.
http://www.linuxquestions.org/review...page/15/sort/7
http://distrowatch.gdsw.at/table.php?distribution=salix

One of the differences with Windows is that you can choose your GUI, although it's best to go with your distro's default one (particularly with CentOS, least so with Salix). CentOS and Debian use Gnome; Salix uses Xfce, although it does a very good KDE.
http://www.renewablepcs.com/about-li...-gnome-or-xfce

Another difference is that you can run Linux, albeit slowly, off a DVD or USB stick: try before you install!

jamison20000e 12-22-2013 10:31 PM

Hi. The hardware info is always helpful but as stated most will work depending,,, check the first link in my signature for some ideas (especially the end of #3s description...) best wishes and have fun. :)

ondoho 12-23-2013 12:16 PM

there's so many threads like this one, where op never returns.
sometimes i think they create meaningless topics on purpose, then just watch the thread grow, giggling madly...

haertig 12-23-2013 12:39 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by moneymayweather (Post 5085321)
1) What Linux distribution would you suggest for me to use as a Desktop in a workplace to replace Windows 7 Professional?

Which ever one your IT department will allow you to use. If you work for a large company, chances are that could be RHEL.
Quote:

Why and does my current environment support it?
You'll have to ask your current environment, since you didn't tell us what it is.
Quote:

2) How much is it going to cost me?
Zero cost for the OS usually (unless you must use RHEL). Possibly your job if you install it without permission from IT.
Quote:

How does the cost of this new equipment compared to what cost the cost of Windows 7?
Cheaper.
Quote:

3) What Windows 7 applications are compatible with this new Linux distro?
None. You may be able to run some software under what's called "Wine emulation". But nothing written for Windows 7 is compatable with Linux.
Quote:

4) How long will it take me to learn and get comfortable with this Linux distro?
Somewhere between 2 hours and never.

jamison20000e 12-23-2013 01:30 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by ondoho (Post 5086001)
there's so many threads like this one, where op never returns.
sometimes i think they are just following, watching it grow, giggling madly...

I'm sure many search first and find these (especially if it has a good title like Linux Newbie and such) but I guess well never know everything? :Pengy: Ho ho ho...


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