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Old 09-03-2010, 02:21 AM   #1
dezio
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Arrow DNS server failure


I have followed all the steps for configuring DNS on a fedora machinine, Am using Fedora 13, i have configured Cache and Master (primary)servers on the same machine. I haven't configured Slave. All testing commands are giving expected results but when i type 'host wxp.bitproject.com localhost' instead of giving me an IP address, Am getting the error "wxp.bitproject.com: not found:2 (SERVFAIL)"

What could be the problem?

Last edited by dezio; 09-03-2010 at 02:23 AM.
 
Old 09-03-2010, 02:38 AM   #2
bathory
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Hi,

What dns are you trying to configure? If it's bind, could you post named.conf and the zone file for bitproject.com?
Also make sure it's not a SELinux problem, as you're running Fedora where SELinux is enabled by default

Regards
 
Old 09-03-2010, 04:03 AM   #3
dezio
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Quote:
Originally Posted by bathory View Post
Hi,

What dns are you trying to configure? If it's bind, could you post named.conf and the zone file for bitproject.com?
Also make sure it's not a SELinux problem, as you're running Fedora where SELinux is enabled by default

Regards


THE NAMED.CONF FOR 'bitproject.com'

//
// named.conf
//
// Provided by Red Hat bind package to configure the ISC BIND named(8) DNS
// server as a caching only nameserver (as a localhost DNS resolver only).
//
// See /usr/share/doc/bind*/sample/ for example named configuration files.
//

options {

listen-on port 53 { 127.0.0.1; };
listen-on-v6 port 53 { ::1; };
directory "/var/named";
dump-file "/var/named/data/cache_dump.db";
statistics-file "/var/named/data/named_stats.txt";
memstatistics-file "/var/named/data/named_mem_stats.txt";
allow-query { localhost; };
recursion yes;

dnssec-enable yes;
dnssec-validation yes;
dnssec-lookaside auto;

/* Path to ISC DLV key */
bindkeys-file "/etc/named.iscdlv.key";
};

logging {
channel default_debug {
file "data/named.run";
severity dynamic;
};
};

zone "." IN {
type hint;
file "named.ca";
};

zone "bitproject.com" IN {
type master;
file "project.com";
};


zone "0.168.192.in-addr.arpa" IN {
type master;
file "bit.rev";
};

zone "localhost" IN {
type master;
file "named.localhost";
allow-update { none; };
};

zone "1.0.0.127.in-addr.arpa" IN {
type master;
file "named.loopback";
allow-update { none; };
};

//include "/etc/named.rfc1912.zones";
Type :quit<Enter> to exit Vim

Last edited by dezio; 09-03-2010 at 04:07 AM.
 
Old 09-03-2010, 04:57 AM   #4
bathory
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Where is the zone file? You can post it with the IP addresses masked if don't want to reveal them.
Re. named.conf, it looks good apart from the fact that using:
Quote:
listen-on port 53 { 127.0.0.1; };
listen-on-v6 port 53 { ::1; };
bind will listen only on the loopback interface and it cannot be used by other computers.
Also along with the zone file, post the complete output of
Code:
dig wxp.bitproject.com @127.0.0.1
 
Old 09-03-2010, 05:27 AM   #5
dezio
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Arrow

Quote:
Originally Posted by bathory View Post
Where is the zone file? You can post it with the IP addresses masked if don't want to reveal them.
Re. named.conf, it looks good apart from the fact that using:
bind will listen only on the loopback interface and it cannot be used by other computers.
Also along with the zone file, post the complete output of
Code:
dig wxp.bitproject.com @127.0.0.1

THE ZONE FILES


1. For named.localhost

$TTL 1D
@ IN SOA @ rname.invalid. (
0 ; serial
1D ; refresh
1H ; retry
1W ; expire
3H ) ; minimum
NS @
A 127.0.0.1
AAAA ::1

~
"named.localhost" 13L, 161C



2. For named .loopback

$TTL 1D
@ IN SOA @ rname.invalid. (
0 ; serial
1D ; refresh
1H ; retry
1W ; expire
3H ) ; minimum
NS @
A 127.0.0.1
AAAA ::1
PTR localhost.

~
"named.loopback" 12L, 175C

THE IP ADDRESS WE ARE USING ARE 192.168.0.2 for bitproject.com



THE COMPLETE OUTPUT FOR dig wxp.bitproject.com @127.0.0.1


root@localhost etc]# dig wxp.bitproject.com @127.0.0.1

; <<>> DiG 9.7.0-P1-RedHat-9.7.0-9.P1.fc13 <<>> wxp.bitproject.com @127.0.0.1
;; global options: +cmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: SERVFAIL, id: 64591
;; flags: qr rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 0, AUTHORITY: 0, ADDITIONAL: 0

;; QUESTION SECTION:
;wxp.bitproject.com. IN A

;; Query time: 0 msec
;; SERVER: 127.0.0.1#53(127.0.0.1)
;; WHEN: Fri Sep 3 11:14:21 2010
;; MSG SIZE rcvd: 36

[root@localhost etc]#

Last edited by dezio; 09-03-2010 at 05:36 AM.
 
Old 09-03-2010, 05:48 AM   #6
sem007
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make change suggest by bathory

Code:
listen-on port 53 { 192.168.0.2; };
also make change in forward and reverse zone file.

In both zone file.
Code:
@ IN SOA FQDN. DOMAIN-NAME. (
forward zone file
Code:
IN NS FQDN
IN A 192.168.0.2
server-name IN A 192.168.0.2
reverse zone file
Code:
IN NS FQDN
2 IN PTR server-name
FQDN = full name of server i.e server.bitproject.com
i assume your server ip is 192.168.0.2

Last edited by sem007; 09-03-2010 at 05:51 AM. Reason: add configuratin
 
Old 09-03-2010, 06:13 AM   #7
bathory
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1. Comment out the listen-on directives, or use:
Code:
 listen-on {any;};
2. Regarding the SOA record and the zone file in general. You should post the project.com file, but anyway try this:
Code:
$TTL 1D
@ IN SOA ns.bitproject.com rname.invalid. (
1 ; serial  <---MUST BE INCREASED ON EVERY CHANGE
1D ; refresh
1H ; retry
1W ; expire
3H ) ; minimum
@ NS ns.bitproject.com.
ns.bitproject.com. IN A x.x.x.x
wxp.bitproject.com. IN A y.y.y.y
 
Old 09-03-2010, 06:57 AM   #8
dezio
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Quote:
Originally Posted by bathory View Post
1. Comment out the listen-on directives, or use:
Code:
 listen-on {any;};
2. Regarding the SOA record and the zone file in general. You should post the project.com file, but anyway try this:
Code:
$TTL 1D
@ IN SOA ns.bitproject.com rname.invalid. (
1 ; serial  <---MUST BE INCREASED ON EVERY CHANGE
1D ; refresh
1H ; retry
1W ; expire
3H ) ; minimum
@ NS ns.bitproject.com.
ns.bitproject.com. IN A x.x.x.x
wxp.bitproject.com. IN A y.y.y.y
Elaborate on 1;serial ----MUST BE INCREASED ON EVERY CHANGE

and on ns.bitproject.com IN x.x.x.x what do "IN Ax.x.x.x"
and " IN A y.y.y.y" mean?
 
Old 09-03-2010, 07:09 AM   #9
bathory
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The serial number must be increased every time you change something in the zone file. Doing so, when you reload bind it will read the changes in the zone.
x.x.x.x and y.y.y.y should be replaced by the IP addresses of the 2 hosts.

PS: I suggest you to read some documentation about configuring dns
 
Old 09-03-2010, 10:05 AM   #10
sem007
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@ dezio

Have a look configuration files of my test BIND server on centos 5.1
10.0.3.56 is my dns server and 10.0.3.55 is one clinet

/var/named/chroot/etc/named.conf

Code:
options {
        listen-on port 53 { 127.0.0.1; 10.0.3.56; };
//      listen-on-v6 port 53 { ::1; };
        directory       "/var/named";
        dump-file       "/var/named/data/cache_dump.db";
        statistics-file "/var/named/data/named_stats.txt";
        memstatistics-file "/var/named/data/named_mem_stats.txt";
        query-source    port 53;
//      query-source-v6 port 53;
        allow-query     { localhost; 10.0.0.0/20; };
};
logging {
        channel default_debug {
                file "data/named.run";
                severity dynamic;
        };
};
view localhost_resolver {
        match-clients      { localhost; 10.0.0.0/20; };
        match-destinations { localhost; 10.0.0.0/20; };
        recursion yes;
        include "/etc/named.rfc1912.zones";
zone "example.com" IN {
        type master;
        file "example.zone";
        allow-update { none; };
};
zone "3.0.10.in-addr.arpa" IN {
        type master;
        file "example.local";
        allow-update { none; };
};

};
forward zone file /var/named/chroot/var/named/example.zone

Code:
$TTL    86400
@               IN SOA  server.example.com.       root.example.com. (
                                        42              ; serial (d. adams)
                                        3H              ; refresh
                                        15M             ; retry
                                        1W              ; expiry
                                        1D )            ; minimum

                IN NS           server.example.com.
                IN A            10.0.3.56
server          IN A            10.0.3.56
station1        IN A            10.0.3.55
reverse zone file /var/named/chroot/var/named/example.local

Code:
$TTL    86400
@       IN      SOA     server.example.com. root.example.com.  (
                                      1997022700 ; Serial
                                      28800      ; Refresh
                                      14400      ; Retry
                                      3600000    ; Expire
                                      86400 )    ; Minimum
        IN      NS      server.example.com.
56      IN      PTR     server.example.com.
55      IN      PTR     station1.example.com.
 
  


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