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Old 07-23-2003, 04:23 AM   #1
Ash
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Difference between UID and EUID


Hi all,

What is the difference between UID and EUID.
Can anyone give me an example where the two have different values ?


Thanks,
Ash
 
Old 07-23-2003, 05:57 AM   #2
Ash
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I mean when will be User Identification number different from effective user identification number ?
When setuid is used the suid will be set, along with suid will euid or uid change ?
 
Old 07-23-2003, 08:01 AM   #3
DIYLinux
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Effective UID is the one used for permission checks. The whole thing is a bit tricky: Linux supports both a Real UID and a Saved UID (actually, same with HP/UX and others unices). The point is that you cant just change to any EUID. Here are the rules:


- Changing to SUID or RUID is always ok
- If you are root (UID 0), you can change to any UID. This will set both EUID, RUID and SUID.
so is changing from root to any other UID)
- RUID is set to according to your login.
- EUID is different from RUID only when running Set UID programs, like su

The point is that a Set UID program can switch between the UID of the user who invoked it, and the owner of the executable.

A good description can be found in the info manual that comes with glibc (see process persona section)
 
  


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