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if you have a file in /home/you/video/thedoors.flv then we write that as "/path/to/video" that means you must type the path(relative or absolute) to the file that you want to convert and then type the path where you want to save the mp3 file.
On Fedora, after opening a Terminal window (also called shell), you can run
yum install ffmpeg ffmpeg-compat ffmpeg-libs
If you have these already installed, then you will be notified accordingly, otherwise you have to confirm installation by typing 'yes'. Optionally you can also install ffmpeg-compat-devel, ffmpeg-devel.i386 and ffmpeg2theora.
The tricky part of any audio and video entertainment is hidden in the codecs. For legal reasons a default Fedora installation does not provide non-free codecs, but by enabling an alternative package repository for 'yum' (the installation and updater tool) you can get access to those. These are not illegal tools, it's rather that the legal background is prone to interpretation, and the Fedora developers do not want go into unnecessary legal dispute.
One such alternative repository for codecs is livna.org, have a look.
Note: The mp3 audio will have the same audio properties as the source file, i.e file.flv
If this doesn't work for those difficult flv files, most likely those flv files are using a codec that ffmpeg and mplayer don't have support for. You can try upgrading both programs from your package manager or get the latest from the svn servers of these programs. Maybe that will fix the problem.