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Old 10-29-2006, 02:21 PM   #1
Registered: May 2006
Distribution: CentOS 4.4
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cant su apache

im logged in as root, and i want to run my apache server as apache. so i type su apache first. then i get this...

# su apache
This account is currently not available.

what does that mean? and what do i do about it?
Old 10-29-2006, 02:30 PM   #2
Registered: Jun 2001
Location: UK
Distribution: Gentoo, RHEL, Fedora, Centos
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the apache account should not permit a login. as it is only used to run a daemon, it should have no login shell, as no login chell is required to run the apache daemon.
Old 10-29-2006, 04:21 PM   #3
Registered: May 2006
Distribution: CentOS 4.4
Posts: 185

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so how do i start the apache daemon as the apache user? does it automatically do this even if i run it as root?

does mysql work the same way?
Old 10-29-2006, 05:55 PM   #4
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Yup. If you look in the httpd.conf file there's a line that tells Apache which user to become. In fact, Apache has to start as root to listen on port 80 (only root can bind to ports < 1024). So Apache starts as root and then drops privileges to the user specified in httpd.conf.

If you really need to become the Apache user for some reason try:

su -s /bin/bash apache

This will override /etc/passwd and start a bash shell as Apache (I believe this is only doable if you're root).


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