LinuxQuestions.org
Welcome to the most active Linux Forum on the web.
Go Back   LinuxQuestions.org > Forums > Linux Forums > Linux - Newbie
User Name
Password
Linux - Newbie This Linux forum is for members that are new to Linux.
Just starting out and have a question? If it is not in the man pages or the how-to's this is the place!

Notices


Reply
  Search this Thread
Old 04-03-2010, 12:55 PM   #1
sharee
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Apr 2010
Posts: 10

Rep: Reputation: 0
Can someone please explain the GNU Project in Layman's terms please?


Im trying to get a general understanding put simply.
 
Old 04-03-2010, 01:06 PM   #2
WRox
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Apr 2006
Posts: 2

Rep: Reputation: 0
The project is the collected efforts many people to create a robust computer operating system and other software that is in the public domain.
 
Old 04-03-2010, 01:23 PM   #3
David the H.
Bash Guru
 
Registered: Jun 2004
Location: Osaka, Japan
Distribution: Debian + kde 4 / 5
Posts: 6,837

Rep: Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981
For a quick summary of just about anything, Wikipedia is a great resource.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNU_Project

In short, Richard M. Stallman, frustrated by the inflexible, fractured, proprietary nature of Unix (and other) software at that time, set out in 1984 to create a completely free alternative. He also created a new licensing system to ensure that the code for this system will always be free according to his standards: the GPL.

Over the next decade he and his followers had managed to recreate just about everything necessary for a unix-like system, all the basic system operating tools, filesystems, etc ... except for a working kernel. But in 1991, Finnish computer student Linus Torvalds, likewise frustrated by the costly nature of Unix, set out to create his own version of the Unix kernel, which he released under the GPL.

The subsequent merger of the GNU system tools and Linus' kernel became what we know today as Linux.
 
1 members found this post helpful.
Old 04-03-2010, 04:32 PM   #4
smoker
Senior Member
 
Registered: Oct 2004
Distribution: Fedora Core 4, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17
Posts: 2,279

Rep: Reputation: 249Reputation: 249Reputation: 249
Read this http://www.gnu.org/gnu/initial-announcement.html

and also this

http://www.catb.org/%7Eesr/faqs/hacker-howto.html

BTW
Quote:
But in 1991, Finnish computer student Linus Torvalds, likewise frustrated by the costly nature of Unix, set out to create his own version of the Unix kernel, which he released under the GPL.
citation needed ! Free does not mean free of cost, only freedom from having to pay.
I can charge $100 for a copy of Fedora if I want, but you can download it for free. It's about freedom of choice.

I always understood Linus to have been building a minix style kernel as a project.

Last edited by smoker; 04-03-2010 at 04:34 PM.
 
Old 04-03-2010, 08:10 PM   #5
David the H.
Bash Guru
 
Registered: Jun 2004
Location: Osaka, Japan
Distribution: Debian + kde 4 / 5
Posts: 6,837

Rep: Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981Reputation: 1981
According to the History of Linux page:

Quote:
MINIX, a Unix-like system intended for academic use, was released by Andrew S. Tanenbaum in 1987. While source code for the system was available, modification and redistribution were restricted. In addition, MINIX's 16-bit design was not well adapted to the 32-bit features of the increasingly cheap and popular Intel 386 architecture for personal computers.

These factors and the lack of a widely-adopted, free kernel provided the impetus for Torvalds's starting his project. He has stated that if either the GNU or 386BSD kernels were available at the time, he likely would not have written his own[5][6].
I had always read that the high cost of obtaining a true Unix kernel was one of the main reasons why Linus started to write his own, but according to this, the design and restrictions on Minix were also a big factor.

And yes, I know all about free vs. FREE. No need to preach to the converted. Sorry if I didn't make the distinction clear enough in my last post.
 
Old 04-03-2010, 08:13 PM   #6
damgar
Senior Member
 
Registered: Sep 2009
Location: dallas, tx
Distribution: Slackware - current multilib/gsb Arch
Posts: 1,949
Blog Entries: 8

Rep: Reputation: 201Reputation: 201Reputation: 201
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WVTWCPoUt8w

Linus himself tells how/why he wrote the kernel.
 
Old 04-03-2010, 11:02 PM   #7
TB0ne
LQ Guru
 
Registered: Jul 2003
Location: Birmingham, Alabama
Distribution: SuSE, RedHat, Slack,CentOS
Posts: 19,314

Rep: Reputation: 4459Reputation: 4459Reputation: 4459Reputation: 4459Reputation: 4459Reputation: 4459Reputation: 4459Reputation: 4459Reputation: 4459Reputation: 4459Reputation: 4459
Quote:
Originally Posted by sharee View Post
Im trying to get a general understanding put simply.
This sounds much like your other question, and both sound very much like homework.
 
  


Reply


Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is Off
HTML code is Off



Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Can someone explain SELinux in simple terms? cosaides Linux - Software 3 01-22-2008 01:25 AM
Could Someone Please Explain the Difference Between GNU and Linux? ECRocker General 20 05-25-2007 06:55 PM
Please explain these graphics terms beebelo Linux - Newbie 5 03-31-2005 02:46 PM
GNU Enterprise Project qennster Linux - Software 1 12-14-2004 01:07 PM
Help about a C project on Gnu/Linux .. explosive Programming 5 08-22-2004 04:48 PM

LinuxQuestions.org > Forums > Linux Forums > Linux - Newbie

All times are GMT -5. The time now is 07:45 PM.

Main Menu
Advertisement
My LQ
Write for LQ
LinuxQuestions.org is looking for people interested in writing Editorials, Articles, Reviews, and more. If you'd like to contribute content, let us know.
Main Menu
Syndicate
RSS1  Latest Threads
RSS1  LQ News
Twitter: @linuxquestions
Facebook: linuxquestions Google+: linuxquestions
Open Source Consulting | Domain Registration