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Old 04-17-2009, 06:43 PM   #1
Registered: Nov 2007
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.bat equivalent feature for Linux

Hello All,

When I want to run a batch file on Windows XP
I create a text file with the batch commands written in it in text,
and save it (on the desktop).
I then change the name from *.txt to *.bat .
I double click on it to run it.

How do I achieve the same feature on Debian Gnome/KDE ?
I want to have an icon on the desktop, on which I double click.

To be more precise, I would like it to turn the computer off
(I guess it's done with the command "halt" ).

Any help appreciated,

Old 04-17-2009, 06:56 PM   #2
Registered: Sep 2004
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If it won't let you just do this (and on my system, if I double-click a shell-script, it asks me if I want to run it):

In Gnome, right-click on the desktop, select "create laucher", give it a name and enter the command (path to the script you want to run, along with any command-line arguments). You can choose an icon for it as well. Not used KDE for a while, but I'm pretty sure it is very similar there.

A few things:
  • The file must be set to be executable (from the command line: chmod +x filename, or can be done through the permissions tab in the right-click file properties dialogue)
  • The command-line shutdown / halt commands normally requires root privileges, so to run it as a normal user, without a password, you'd have to configure it in sudoers)
  • You should just be able to add a shutdown button to the panel ("taskbar") quite easily - right-click on it, select "Add to panel..." and choose the appropriate applet

Last edited by Robhogg; 04-17-2009 at 07:01 PM.
Old 04-17-2009, 07:54 PM   #3
Registered: Apr 2009
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Shell scripts are the equivalent to the MS world's batch scripts. A very simple BASH shell script would be:
echo "this" > /home/myname/output.txt
Make the script executable (chmod a+x) to allow launching from the Desktop by double-clicking.

Under Gnome launching a shell script will bring up a confirmation dialog - Gnome is known to distrust the intelligence of users, but in the end it's good security.

When using Konqueror under KDE the double clicking executes the script immediately. You can use Konqueror also under Gnome. I prefer KDE stuff for applications, but use Gnome as my main desktop - you don't get much weirder than that in times of Gnome-KDE flame wars. I assume that other window managers have their own ways of dealing with double-clicked shell scripts.

You also have the choice of using kdialog to combine scripting with generating GUI dialogs. Quite handy!

It's a good practice to use full pathnames in scripts, to allow them to be run as cron jobs or to be launched by double-clicking also for other users.

Last edited by Tinkster; 10-30-2010 at 03:21 PM.
Old 04-17-2009, 09:19 PM   #4
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And, for your specific task, check out the "widgets." (Right click on the task bar at the top of the screen if you're using GNOME.There's usually one there to halt the system.
Old 04-17-2009, 09:33 PM   #5
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simply save the file with .sh extension instead of .bat.
now go to the terminal and type chmod u+x filename to change permissions.
now just type the filename and hit enter to execute it.
Old 04-17-2009, 10:32 PM   #6
John VV
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it can be done with a *.sh script BUT the desktop is a "special" type of folder
-- for Gnome --
just r-click on the screen and select " create launcher "
and fill in the boxes
for example i use this to reboot ( i have 3 OS on the box)
-- or --
[Desktop Entry]
and save as reboot.desktop


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