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Old 06-21-2016, 06:59 PM   #16
pshanks
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Nov 2012
Posts: 2

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An updated script for checking an unstable wifi connection


Nagios is a great solution... if you are managing a whole environment. My use case exactly matches the OP's, and I also was interested in a shell scripting exercise. So I wrote a short script to address exactly this problem; it is updated to include: logging to systemd via systemd-cat, checking connectivity using http HEAD request instead of ping or HTTP GET, and extensive use of nmcli as the scripting interface for Network Manager. Moreover, this script does not use the brute force method of restarting all network services, but rather operates only on the wifi radio and wlan interface.
Warning, this was written late in the day, I was tired, and the script is FAR from optimized or even logical. Feel free to improve on it.

Code:
#! /bin/bash
# This script can be run by any user with permissions to control the wifi
# interface - however, if it is run as a cron job it will require root
# permissions to re-enable a disabled WiFi radio.  It has been tested 
# succesfully with the following use cases:
# WiFi disabled (nmcli radio wifi off)
# Network device disabled, but WiFi enabled (nmcli dev dis ifname)
# Ethernet connection down (nmcli con down conn_name)
#
# Besides testing with nmcli, connectivity is confirmed with a wget spider
# command to a well known highly available web server (e.g., google.com)
# We do not use icmp/ping to do connectivity testing; this may be 
# prohibited in some environments and would always fail.
# It is not necessary to restart the network service; operations are 
# limited to just the WiFi connection.
#
# This script logs to the systemd journal with systemd-cat, and you can 
# see the entries with "journalctl -t script_name"
# You can see the latest entries first by using "-r", or you
# can have "follow" functionality with "-f"
# Finally, you can see all messages since last boot with "--boot"
# Example:  journalctl -rt wifi-check --boot
#
# Best to call this script as a cron job, with something like 20 minute
# granularity, depending on how unstable your wifi connection is.
# Example crontab entry:
# */20 * * * * /path/to/script
# 
# Finally, this script will not fix network connectivity issues that 
# originate outside of this machine. But you already knew this.


device="wlp3s0"			# device name, e.g., wlp[bus #]s[slot #]
conn="My_SSID"			# connection name often matches WiFi SSID
test_target="google.com"	# choose something with high availability
hostname=$(uname -n)
script=$(basename $0)
DO_RECOVERY=0

# try to get an http response from a well known HA server
# We use "--spider" to avoid actually bringing down content, because
# all we really need is a success response like HTTP 200
online_test() {
	wget -q --tries=10 --timeout=20 --spider http://${test_target}
}

online_test
if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
	echo "$hostname wifi is connected" | systemd-cat -t $script -p info
else 
	echo "$hostname may be offline: wget failed" | systemd-cat -t $script -p alert
	DO_RECOVERY=1
fi

# Network Manager device status codes 
# GENERAL.STATE:10 (unmanaged) ==> we should never see this
# GENERAL.STATE:20 (unavailable) ==> wifi probably disabled
# GENERAL.STATE:30 (disconnected) ==> wifi enabled, but conn down
# GENERAL.STATE:100 (connected)
device_test() {
  nmcli_out=$(nmcli -t -f GENERAL.STATE device show $device)
  rgx="GENERAL.STATE\:([0-9]+)"
  [[ $nmcli_out =~ $rgx ]]
  return "${BASH_REMATCH[1]}"	
}

# network connection state; $con_state -eq 0 means not active
conn_test() {
	count=$(nmcli -t -f NAME conn show --active | grep wlp3s0 | wc -l)
	return $count
}

if [[ $DO_RECOVERY -eq 1 ]]; then

# Recovery steps
# 1 - Is WiFi enabled?  If not, then fix it.
# wifi radio state is either enabled or disabled

  wifi_status=$(nmcli r wifi)
  if [[ $wifi_status =~ "disabled" ]]; then
        echo "WiFi is disabled... enabling it now." | systemd-cat -t $script -p info

	nmcli r wifi on  # this one line doesn't work for non-root cron jobs
	sleep 15  # give everything a few seconds to re-connect.

	wifi_status=$(nmcli r wifi)
	if [[ $wifi_status =~ "enabled" ]]; then
		echo "WiFi is successfully enabled in Recovery Phase 1" | systemd-cat -t $script -p info
	else
		echo "ERROR: WiFi was NOT successfully enabled in Recovery Phase 1." | systemd-cat -t $script -p err
	fi

	device_test
	if [[ $? -eq 100 ]]; then
		echo "${device} is available and is connected" | systemd-cat -t $script -p info
	elif [[ $? -eq 30 ]]; then
		echo "${device} is available, but is not connected yet" | systemd-cat -t $script -p info
	elif [[ $? -eq 20 ]]; then
		echo "ERROR: ${device} is not available in Recovery Phase 1" | systemd-cat -t $script -p err
	fi

	conn_test
	if [[ $? > 0 ]]; then
		echo "Connection $conn is up in Recovery Phase 1" | systemd-cat -t $script -p info
	else
		echo "Connection $conn is down, attempting to bring it up" | systemd-cat -t $script -p info
		nmcli c up $conn
		conn_test
		if [ $? > 0 ]; then echo "Success!" | systemd-cat -t $script -p info
		fi
	fi

	online_test
	if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
		echo "$hostname is back online. Recovery script is finished." | systemd-cat -t $script -p info
		DO_RECOVERY=0		# We're done now.
	else echo "$hostname is still offline in Recovery Phase 1" | systemd-cat -t $script -p info
	fi

  else echo "Phase 1 check: WiFi is enabled" | systemd-cat -t $script -p info

  fi # end wifi_status check

fi  # end DO_RECOVERY Phase 1

# echo "DO_RECOVERY flag is ${DO_RECOVERY} after Phase 1" | systemd-cat -t $script -p debug

# re-using the recovery flag is a bit stupid, but I'm tired.
if [[ $DO_RECOVERY -eq 1 ]]; then

#  echo "In Phase 2 now" | systemd-cat -t $script -p debug

  # 2 - WiFi is enabled, how about the network device?
  device_test
  dev_status=$?
  if [[ $dev_status > 20 ]]; then	# see network device status codes above
	nmcli conn up $conn
	if [[ $? -eq 0 ]]; then 
	  echo "Connection ${conn} is up in Phase 2" | systemd-cat -t $script -p debug
	  online_test
	  if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
	    echo "$hostname is back online" | systemd-cat -t $script -p info
	  else echo "$hostname is still offline in Phase 2" | systemd-cat -t $script -p debug
	  fi  # end online test
	else 
	  echo "ERROR: Connection ${conn} did not come up in Phase 2" | systemd-cat -t $script -p err
	fi # end conn test
  else
	echo "ERROR: Device status is ${dev_status} - this can't be brought up in Phase 2" | systemd-cat -t $script -p err
  fi
fi # end second round of DO_RECOVERY
exit
 
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