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Old 06-09-2004, 02:44 AM   #1
lukalinuix
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Feb 2004
Location: Ljubljana, Slovenia
Distribution: RedHat 8.0
Posts: 21

Rep: Reputation: 15
config samba for Newbie like me


I have got problems stting up my samba server. I have got two winxp pro computers and one Linux RedHat 8.0 comp on wich i wish to setup samba server.

my workgroup name is SPILERAJ
linux box ip: 192.168.0.3



thats my smb.conf file:

[global]

# workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name
workgroup = SPILERAJ

# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
server string = Samba Server

# This option is important for security. It allows you to restrict
# connections to machines which are on your local network. The
# following example restricts access to two C class networks and
# the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax see
# the smb.conf man page
; hosts allow = 192.168.1. 192.168.2. 127.

# if you want to automatically load your printer list rather
# than setting them up individually then you'll need this
printcap name = /etc/printcap
load printers = yes

# It should not be necessary to spell out the print system type unless
# yours is non-standard. Currently supported print systems include:
# bsd, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx
printing = lprng

# Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add this to /etc/passwd
# otherwise the user "nobody" is used
; guest account = pcguest

# this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
# that connects
log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log

# Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb).
max log size = 0

# Security mode. Most people will want user level security. See
# security_level.txt for details.
security = user

# Use password server option only with security = server
# The argument list may include:
# password server = My_PDC_Name [My_BDC_Name] [My_Next_BDC_Name]
# or to auto-locate the domain controller/s
# password server = *
; password server = <NT-Server-Name>

# Password Level allows matching of _n_ characters of the password for
# all combinations of upper and lower case.
; password level = 8
; username level = 8

# You may wish to use password encryption. Please read
# ENCRYPTION.txt, Win95.txt and WinNT.txt in the Samba documentation.
# Do not enable this option unless you have read those documents
encrypt passwords = yes
smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd

# The following is needed to keep smbclient from spouting spurious errors
# when Samba is built with support for SSL.
; ssl CA certFile = /usr/share/ssl/certs/ca-bundle.crt

# The following are needed to allow password changing from Windows to
# update the Linux system password also.
# NOTE: Use these with 'encrypt passwords' and 'smb passwd file' above.
# NOTE2: You do NOT need these to allow workstations to change only
# the encrypted SMB passwords. They allow the Unix password
# to be kept in sync with the SMB password.
unix password sync = Yes
passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
passwd chat = *New*password* %n\n *Retype*new*password* %n\n *passwd:*all*authentication*tokens*updated*successfully*

# You can use PAM's password change control flag for Samba. If
# enabled, then PAM will be used for password changes when requested
# by an SMB client instead of the program listed in passwd program.
# It should be possible to enable this without changing your passwd
# chat parameter for most setups.

pam password change = yes

# Unix users can map to different SMB User names
; username map = /etc/samba/smbusers

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting
; include = /etc/samba/smb.conf.%m

# This parameter will control whether or not Samba should obey PAM's
# account and session management directives. The default behavior is
# to use PAM for clear text authentication only and to ignore any
# account or session management. Note that Samba always ignores PAM
# for authentication in the case of encrypt passwords = yes

obey pam restrictions = yes

# Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
# See speed.txt and the manual pages for details
socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192

# Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
# If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list them
# here. See the man page for details.
; interfaces = 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24

# Configure remote browse list synchronisation here
# request announcement to, or browse list sync from:
# a specific host or from / to a whole subnet (see below)
; remote browse sync = 192.168.3.25 192.168.5.255
# Cause this host to announce itself to local subnets here
; remote announce = 192.168.1.255 192.168.2.44

# Browser Control Options:
# set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
# browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply
; local master = no

# OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
# elections. The default value should be reasonable
; os level = 33

# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
# allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
# if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job
; domain master = yes

# Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
# and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election
; preferred master = yes

# Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server for
# Windows95 workstations.
; domain logons = yes

# if you enable domain logons then you may want a per-machine or
# per user logon script
# run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine)
; logon script = %m.bat
# run a specific logon batch file per username
; logon script = %U.bat

# Where to store roving profiles (only for Win95 and WinNT)
# %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %U is username
# You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below
; logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
; wins support = yes

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
; wins server = w.x.y.z

# WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
# behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
# at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
; wins proxy = yes

# DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
# via DNS nslookups. The built-in default for versions 1.9.17 is yes,
# this has been changed in version 1.9.18 to no.
dns proxy = no

# Case Preservation can be handy - system default is _no_
# NOTE: These can be set on a per share basis
; preserve case = no
; short preserve case = no
# Default case is normally upper case for all DOS files
; default case = lower
# Be very careful with case sensitivity - it can break things!
; case sensitive = no

#============================ Share Definitions ==============================
[homes]
comment = Home Directories
browseable = no
writable = yes
valid users = %S
create mode = 0664
directory mode = 0775
# If you want users samba doesn't recognize to be mapped to a guest user
; map to guest = bad user


# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
; [netlogon]
; comment = Network Logon Service
; path = /usr/local/samba/lib/netlogon
; guest ok = yes
; writable = no
; share modes = no


# Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share
# the default is to use the user's home directory
;[Profiles]
; path = /usr/local/samba/profiles
; browseable = no
; guest ok = yes


# NOTE: If you have a BSD-style print system there is no need to
# specifically define each individual printer
[printers]
comment = All Printers
path = /var/spool/samba
browseable = no
# Set public = yes to allow user 'guest account' to print
guest ok = no
writable = no
printable = yes

# This one is useful for people to share files
[tmp]
comment = Temporary file space
path = /home/tmp
read only = no
public = yes

# A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in
# the "staff" group
[public]
comment = Public Stuff
path = /home/samba
public = yes
only guest = yes
writable = yes
printable = no


For many options i don't know what they mean so please help me or just tell what options are uselles.

please help

thx
 
Old 06-09-2004, 03:14 AM   #2
ppuru
Senior Member
 
Registered: Mar 2003
Location: Beautiful BC
Distribution: RedHat & clones, Slackware, SuSE, OpenBSD
Posts: 1,791

Rep: Reputation: 50
you can

#man smb.conf

to get a better understanding of the parameters.
 
Old 06-09-2004, 09:54 AM   #3
WhatsHisName
Senior Member
 
Registered: Oct 2003
Location: /earth/usa/nj (UTC-5)
Distribution: RHL9;F1-10; CentOS4-5; DebianSarge-Squeeze
Posts: 1,151

Rep: Reputation: 46
PEACEDOG made some excellent suggestions for people having Samba problems.

See: http://www.linuxquestions.org/questi...hreadid=172418

To summarize:

1. Turn off all firewalls on the networked systems (both linux and windows). From my perspective, improperly configured firewalls cause a lot (half?) of the samba problems you see in this forum and are often the result of the windows firewalls just doing what you paid for them to do. Been there, done that.

2. Start with a simple smb.conf and then add complexity after you get the network going. His suggested simple/starter smb.conf was:

[global]
workgroup = yourworkgroup
netbios name = yournetbiosname
security = SHARE
[share]
path = /tmp
public = yes

3. Donít forget to restart samba (smb) after you make your changes. Saving smb.conf does not modify your currently used samba settings. Also, reboot the windows boxes at the beginning and after any modification to them related to your network problem.

4. Donít forget to turn off the firewalls.

5. Donít forget to turn off the firewalls.

6. Donít forget to turn off the firewalls.

Hope that helps you get started.
 
Old 06-21-2004, 06:29 AM   #4
lukalinuix
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Feb 2004
Location: Ljubljana, Slovenia
Distribution: RedHat 8.0
Posts: 21

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 15
THX WhatsHisName,

yes, the problem was firewall. I disable firewall and now is working prfect. If i have firewall, what port do i need to open for samba to work with firewall
 
Old 06-21-2004, 06:47 AM   #5
michaelk
Moderator
 
Registered: Aug 2002
Posts: 20,106

Rep: Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381
Ports 137-139,445
 
Old 06-22-2004, 01:22 PM   #6
lukalinuix
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Feb 2004
Location: Ljubljana, Slovenia
Distribution: RedHat 8.0
Posts: 21

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 15
i open only port 455 and is working, why do i need to open other ports?
 
Old 06-22-2004, 06:35 PM   #7
michaelk
Moderator
 
Registered: Aug 2002
Posts: 20,106

Rep: Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381Reputation: 3381
If all you use is W2k then all you need is 445.
http://ntsecurity.nu/papers/port445/
 
Old 06-22-2004, 10:05 PM   #8
vuthachh
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Mar 2004
Location: Cambodia
Posts: 15

Rep: Reputation: 0
Sorry, now I would like to try answer to you for what your problem, but I'm not a strong man for linux, I'm a newbe and have the same problem as you also.

for the resolution you can change as below:

; hosts allow = 192.168.1. 192.168.2. 127. ==>
hosts allow = 192.168.0 127.

and

; interfaces = 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24 ==>
interfaces = 192.168.0.3 /24

yes, there are some more line of your your smb.cof which you have to change,

thaks,

don't mind me if my answer is not clear for you;

Vuthachh;

Lycee Descartes of Phnom Penh.
 
Old 06-23-2004, 02:33 AM   #9
lukalinuix
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Feb 2004
Location: Ljubljana, Slovenia
Distribution: RedHat 8.0
Posts: 21

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 15
This is my smb.conf and now is working. Its without users and passwords, its like anonymous ftp. As I already said i opened only port 445.

===========================================================================
[global]

# workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name
workgroup = SPILERAJ

# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
server string = Samba Server

# This option is important for security. It allows you to restrict
# connections to machines which are on your local network. The
# following example restricts access to two C class networks and
# the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax see
# the smb.conf man page
; hosts allow = 192.168.1. 192.168.2. 127.

# if you want to automatically load your printer list rather
# than setting them up individually then you'll need this
; printcap name = /etc/printcap
; load printers = yes

# It should not be necessary to spell out the print system type unless
# yours is non-standard. Currently supported print systems include:
# bsd, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx
; printing = lprng

# Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add this to /etc/passwd
# otherwise the user "nobody" is used
; guest account = pcguest

# this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
# that connects
log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log

# Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb).
max log size = 0

# Security mode. Most people will want user level security. See
# security_level.txt for details.
security = SHARE

# Use password server option only with security = server
# The argument list may include:
# password server = My_PDC_Name [My_BDC_Name] [My_Next_BDC_Name]
# or to auto-locate the domain controller/s
# password server = *
; password server = <NT-Server-Name>

# Password Level allows matching of _n_ characters of the password for
# all combinations of upper and lower case.
; password level = 8
; username level = 8

# You may wish to use password encryption. Please read
# ENCRYPTION.txt, Win95.txt and WinNT.txt in the Samba documentation.
# Do not enable this option unless you have read those documents
; encrypt passwords = yes
; smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd

# The following is needed to keep smbclient from spouting spurious errors
# when Samba is built with support for SSL.
; ssl CA certFile = /usr/share/ssl/certs/ca-bundle.crt

# The following are needed to allow password changing from Windows to
# update the Linux system password also.
# NOTE: Use these with 'encrypt passwords' and 'smb passwd file' above.
# NOTE2: You do NOT need these to allow workstations to change only
# the encrypted SMB passwords. They allow the Unix password
# to be kept in sync with the SMB password.
; unix password sync = Yes
; passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
; passwd chat = *New*password* %n\n *Retype*new*password* %n\n *passwd:*all*authentication*tokens*updated*successfully*

# You can use PAM's password change control flag for Samba. If
# enabled, then PAM will be used for password changes when requested
# by an SMB client instead of the program listed in passwd program.
# It should be possible to enable this without changing your passwd
# chat parameter for most setups.

pam password change = yes

# Unix users can map to different SMB User names
; username map = /etc/samba/smbusers

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting
; include = /etc/samba/smb.conf.%m

# This parameter will control whether or not Samba should obey PAM's
# account and session management directives. The default behavior is
# to use PAM for clear text authentication only and to ignore any
# account or session management. Note that Samba always ignores PAM
# for authentication in the case of encrypt passwords = yes

obey pam restrictions = yes

# Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
# See speed.txt and the manual pages for details
socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192

# Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
# If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list them
# here. See the man page for details.
; interfaces = 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24

# Configure remote browse list synchronisation here
# request announcement to, or browse list sync from:
# a specific host or from / to a whole subnet (see below)
; remote browse sync = 192.168.3.25 192.168.5.255
# Cause this host to announce itself to local subnets here
; remote announce = 192.168.1.255 192.168.2.44

# Browser Control Options:
# set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
# browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply
; local master = no

# OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
# elections. The default value should be reasonable
; os level = 33

# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
# allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
# if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job
; domain master = yes

# Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
# and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election
; preferred master = yes

# Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server for
# Windows95 workstations.
; domain logons = yes

# if you enable domain logons then you may want a per-machine or
# per user logon script
# run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine)
; logon script = %m.bat
# run a specific logon batch file per username
; logon script = %U.bat

# Where to store roving profiles (only for Win95 and WinNT)
# %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %U is username
# You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below
; logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
; wins support = yes

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
; wins server = w.x.y.z

# WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
# behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
# at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
; wins proxy = yes

# DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
# via DNS nslookups. The built-in default for versions 1.9.17 is yes,
# this has been changed in version 1.9.18 to no.
dns proxy = no

# Case Preservation can be handy - system default is _no_
# NOTE: These can be set on a per share basis
; preserve case = no
; short preserve case = no
# Default case is normally upper case for all DOS files
; default case = lower
# Be very careful with case sensitivity - it can break things!
; case sensitive = no


#============================ Share Definitions ==============================
# This one is useful for people to share files
[temp]
comment = Temporary file space
path = /SAMBA/temp
read only = no
public = yes

# A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in
# the "staff" group
[public]
comment = Public Stuff
path = /SAMBA/public
public = yes
only guest = yes
writable = yes
printable = no
 
  


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