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Linux - Laptop and Netbook Having a problem installing or configuring Linux on your laptop? Need help running Linux on your netbook? This forum is for you. This forum is for any topics relating to Linux and either traditional laptops or netbooks (such as the Asus EEE PC, Everex CloudBook or MSI Wind).

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Old 09-25-2010, 04:20 PM   #31
charesnape
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Registered: Sep 2010
Posts: 29

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2. 2nd photo..."it shows your distro number and then your current kernel number"- useful.


linux-sd3u:/home/christopher # dd if=/dev/sda1 bs=512 count=1
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
512 bytes (512 B) copied, 3.9391e-05 s, 13.0 MB/s


3. Here is /boot/grub/menu.lst
[that's nothing]
Here's another file /boot/grub/menu.lst.old
[nothing]

Here's /etc/grub.conf
[nothing]

Here's another file, /etc/grub.conf.old
setup --stage2=/boot/grub/stage2 --force-lba (hd0,1) (hd0,1)
quit

4. Thought it would be something like that- just checking.

5. Resume. That'll be because I didn't shut down the computer correctly. However, the sound problem still resides regardless of resume or non-resume.

6.. What does

"6) /etc/fstab showing UUID and blkid means when you publish your grub(s)
the kernel line is likely to read


kernel /boot/vmlinuz-kernel number root=UUID="2a4eef33-1d11-4d69-8d8f-9a7050b43bdf" blah blah

7) then you can try adding a bootcode....to the end of your menu.lst


...mean? I don't know what I should do here.


Thanks
 
Old 09-25-2010, 08:10 PM   #32
aus9
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Location: Australia
Distribution: MX 17
Posts: 5,298

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hi

well if /boot/grub/menu.lst is empty and /etc/grub.conf is empty you need root powers to view them please.

(they may still be empty but lets cross that bridge when we see the output)

2) oops...your bootable partition is sda2 not one....try

sudo dd if=/dev/sda1 bs=512 count=1

but I am still baffled by your setup.
 
Old 09-27-2010, 05:47 AM   #33
charesnape
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Registered: Sep 2010
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1. su...
vi /boot/grub/menu.lst is empty

vi /etc/grub.conf is:
setup --stage2=/boot/grub/stage2 --force-lba (hd0,1) (hd0,1)
quit
~

2. christopher@linux-sd3u:~> su
Password:
linux-sd3u:/home/christopher # dd if=/dev/sda1 bs=512 count=1
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
512 bytes (512 B) copied, 0.021194 s, 24.2 kB/s


Don't look at me. It just set itself up like this.

Thanks
 
Old 09-28-2010, 05:18 AM   #34
aus9
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ok I found it for opensuse 11.1 but its the same principle

http://www.linuxtopia.org/online_boo...rub_basic.html


Code:
15.1.3 The File /etc/grub.conf

The third important GRUB configuration file after menu.lst and device.map is /etc/grub.conf. This file contains the commands, parameters, and options the GRUB shell needs for installing the boot loader correctly:

setup --stage2=/boot/grub/stage2 --force-lba (hd0,1) (hd0,1)
   quit

This command tells GRUB to automatically install the bootloader to the second partition on the first harddisk (hd0,1) using the boot images located on the same partition. The --stage2=/boot/grub/stage2 parameter is needed to install the stage2 image from a mounted filesystem. Some BIOSes have a faulty LBA support implementation, --force-lba provides a solution to ignore them.
Now you have the similar etc/grub.conf so hd0,1 is a grub-legacy structure so you have first drive second partition.

ok lets review that fstab and fdisk

/dev/disk/by-id/ata-TOSHIBA_MK4032GSX_464R4040T-part2 / ext4 acl,user_xattr 1 1..............its ext4 .....WT?

I allege grub legacy can not handle ext4 so you must have a patched version.

Use your package manager to see what the full version name of your grub is please,
it may be called grub-gfxmenu or grub-legacy or grub

2) Well it looks like its merely put a stage file into your second partition and then your bios with lba enabled finds it.


thats not the way I like it hint hint.....but as you say .....it appears to be an automatic opensuse install thingee?

3) we only care as we are trying to establish which bootloader you are using to put a cheat code in for your irqs.

ah well but you say with root powers boot/menu.lst is empty?

(pulls out hair)

4) Maybe we are going about this the wrong way?

opensuse has a dev version 11.4

How do you feel about installing a later edition of opensuse or trying out other live cds that might help you with sound?
 
Old 10-01-2010, 07:07 AM   #35
charesnape
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Registered: Sep 2010
Posts: 29

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1. erm...

well, gfxboot had a bullet list under versions
ticked.... 4.2.3-2.1-i586 from Vendor OpenSUSE (installed)
not selected.... 4.2.3-2.1-i586 from OpenSUSE 11.3 witb priority 99 and vendor OpenSUSE
selected... 4.2.3-2.1-i586 from OpenSUSE 11.3-1.82 with priority 99 and vendor OpenSUSE

and

grub
ticked.... 0.97-171.1-i586 from Vendor OpenSUSE (installed)
not selected.... 0.97-171.1-i586 from OpenSUSE 11.3 witb priority 99 and vendor OpenSUSE
selected... 0.97-171.1-i586 from OpenSUSE 11.3-1.82 with priority 99 and vendor OpenSUSE



The two packages above are in a list of four, both ticked. The other two unticked packages are grub2 and trustedgrub.


Is this what you were looking for?


2. There we are, then.

3. Double checking...

I'm sorry, menu.lst is

# Modified by YaST2. Last modification on Thu Sep 23 21:42:42 BST 2010
# THIS FILE WILL BE PARTIALLY OVERWRITTEN by perl-Bootloader
# Configure custom boot parameters for updated kernels in /etc/sysconfig/bootloader

default 0
timeout 8
gfxmenu (hd0,1)/boot/message
##YaST - activate

###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: linux###
title openSUSE 11.3 - 2.6.34.7-0.3
root (hd0,1)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.34.7-0.3-default root=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-TOSHIBA_MK4032GSX_464R4040T-part2 resume=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-TOSHIBA_MK4032GSX_464R4040T-part1 splash=silent quiet showopts vga=0x31a
initrd /boot/initrd-2.6.34.7-0.3-default

###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: failsafe###
title Failsafe -- openSUSE 11.3 - 2.6.34.7-0.3
root (hd0,1)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.34.7-0.3-default root=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-TOSHIBA_MK4032GSX_464R4040T-part2 showopts apm=off noresume nosmp maxcpus=0 edd=off powersaved=off nohz=off highres=off processor.max_cstate=1 nomodeset x11failsafe vga=0x31a
initrd /boot/initrd-2.6.34.7-0.3-default




and menu.lst.old is
# Modified by YaST2. Last modification on Thu Sep 23 21:42:39 BST 2010
# THIS FILE WILL BE PARTIALLY OVERWRITTEN by perl-Bootloader
# Configure custom boot parameters for updated kernels in /etc/sysconfig/bootloader

default 0
timeout 8
gfxmenu (hd0,1)/boot/message
##YaST - activate

###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: linux###
title openSUSE 11.3 - 2.6.34.7-0.3
root (hd0,1)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.34.7-0.3-default root=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-TOSHIBA_MK4032GSX_464R4040T-part2 resume=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-TOSHIBA_MK4032GSX_464R4040T-part1 splash=silent quiet showopts vga=0x31a
initrd /boot/initrd-2.6.34.7-0.3-default

###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: linux###
title openSUSE 11.3 - 2.6.34.7-0.2
root (hd0,1)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.34.7-0.2-default root=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-TOSHIBA_MK4032GSX_464R4040T-part2 resume=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-TOSHIBA_MK4032GSX_464R4040T-part1 splash=silent quiet showopts vga=0x31a
initrd /boot/initrd-2.6.34.7-0.2-default

###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: failsafe###
title Failsafe -- openSUSE 11.3 - 2.6.34.7-0.2
root (hd0,1)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.34.7-0.2-default root=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-TOSHIBA_MK4032GSX_464R4040T-part2 showopts apm=off noresume nosmp maxcpus=0 edd=off powersaved=off nohz=off highres=off processor.max_cstate=1 nomodeset x11failsafe vga=0x31a
initrd /boot/initrd-2.6.34.7-0.2-default




I don't know why the files appeared blank before, but they did. I must have pressed the wrong button!



4. I'd be interested in having a go at 11.4 and am prepared to take the risk. I use web applications for all my office stuff so this computer can fry itself and I'll still be alright. How to do I get 11.4?

I'll run the livecd of opensuse that I initially tried. I'm sure the sound worked on that.

There are many distributions of Linux. Is there a way of finding one which is compatible with this computer...?


Many thanks


C
 
Old 10-01-2010, 06:17 PM   #36
aus9
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Distribution: MX 17
Posts: 5,298

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hi

ok /etc/grub.conf....is that still empty on re-check?

so it might use /etc/sysconfig/bootloader

post the contents of that pls

2) assuming its /etc/sysconfig/bootloader...try to edit that with root powers

copy the entire menu of but not the line of
###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: linux###


title openSUSE 11.3 - 2.6.34.7-0.3
root (hd0,1)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.34.7-0.3-default root=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-TOSHIBA_MK4032GSX_464R4040T-part2 resume=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-TOSHIBA_MK4032GSX_464R4040T-part1 splash=silent quiet showopts vga=0x31a
initrd /boot/initrd-2.6.34.7-0.3-default

but then edit it....we do this so your original menu is still there ok?

the copied menu becomes

title irq
root (hd0,1)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.34.7-0.3-default root=/dev/sda2 resume=/dev/sda1 pci=biosirq
initrd /boot/initrd-2.6.34.7-0.3-default

reboot to test

2) 11.4

http://distrowatch.com/?newsid=06256

direct link to 32 bit kde
http://download.opensuse.org/distrib...d0715-i686.iso

or its torrent
http://download.opensuse.org/distrib...86.iso.torrent


Is there a way of searching live cd?
Well generally you search distrowatch....but for you specifically ....search the HCL here and forums for the distros that interest you ....now that you know sound may be an issue

good luck
 
Old 10-02-2010, 03:15 PM   #37
charesnape
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Registered: Sep 2010
Posts: 29

Original Poster
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Hello

1. Eek. /etc/grub.conf is

setup --stage2=/boot/grub/stage2 --force-lba (hd0,1) (hd0,1)
quit


I wonder what happened the last time.




/etc/sysconfig/bootloader is:


## Path: System/Bootloader
## Description: Bootloader configuration
## Type: list(grub,lilo,none)
## Default: grub
#
# Type of bootloader in use.
# For making the change effect run bootloader configuration tool
# and configure newly selected bootloader
#
#
LOADER_TYPE="grub"


## Path: System/Bootloader
## Description: Bootloader configuration
## Type: list(floppy,mbr,root,boot,custom,none)
## Default: mbr
#
# Location of boot loader.
# For making the change effect run bootloader configuration tool
#
#
LOADER_LOCATION=""

## Path: System/Bootloader
## Description: Bootloader configuration
## Type: string
## Default: "splash=silent quiet showotps"
#
# Arguments for kernel which is used like default boot section.
# If the options is commented perl-Bootloader uses his default arguments
# for kernel.
#
DEFAULT_APPEND="resume=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-TOSHIBA_MK4032GSX_464R4040T-part1 splash=silent quiet showopts"

## Path: System/Bootloader
## Description: Bootloader configuration
## Type: string
## Default: none
#
# VGA option for kernel which is used like default boot section.
# If the options is commented or empty perl-Bootloader doesn't use it.
# Empty option could be cause of broken size of fonts etc.
#
DEFAULT_VGA="0x31a"

## Path: System/Bootloader
## Description: Bootloader configuration
## Type: string
## Default: "showopts apm=off noresume nosmp maxcpus=0 edd=off powersaved=off nohz=off highres=off processor.max_cstate=1 nomodeset x11failsafe"
#
# Arguments for kernel which is used like failsafe boot section
# If the options is commented perl-Bootloader uses his default arguments
# for kernel.
#
FAILSAFE_APPEND="showopts apm=off noresume nosmp maxcpus=0 edd=off powersaved=off nohz=off highres=off processor.max_cstate=1 nomodeset x11failsafe"

## Path: System/Bootloader
## Description: Bootloader configuration
## Type: string
## Default: none
#
# VGA option for kernel which is used like failsafe boot section.
# If the options is commented or empty perl-Bootloader doesn't use it.
# Empty option could be cause of broken size of fonts etc.
#
FAILSAFE_VGA="0x31a"

## Path: System/Bootloader
## Description: Bootloader configuration
## Type: string
## Default: "splash=silent quiet showotps"
#
# Arguments for XEN kernel in Dom0.
# If the options is commented perl-Bootloader uses his default arguments
# for XEN kernel.
#
XEN_KERNEL_APPEND="resume=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-TOSHIBA_MK4032GSX_464R4040T-part1 splash=silent quiet showopts"

## Path: System/Bootloader
## Description: Bootloader configuration
## Type: string
## Default: none
#
# Arguments for XEN hypervisor
# Usually it is empty or includes arguments like crashkernel for kdump etc.
#
XEN_APPEND=""

## Path: System/Bootloader
## Description: Bootloader configuration
## Type: string
## Default: none
#
# VGA option for XEN kernel.
# If the options is commented or empty perl-Bootloader doesn't use it.

# Empty option could be cause of broken size of fonts etc.
#
XEN_VGA="0x31a"
## Path: System/Bootloader
## Description: Bootloader configuration
## Type: yesno
## Default: no
#
# Should the boot cycle detection be used to
# avoid unconditional reboot cycles of not
# supervised system.
#
CYCLE_DETECTION="no"

## Type: integer(0
## Default: 1
#
# The number of the entry in grub's menu.lst
# which should be used on the next reboot cycle.
# Note that the first entry has the number 0.
#
CYCLE_NEXT_ENTRY="1"




I don't understand what you want me to do. In the bootloader file there are several entries of title openSUSE 11.3 - 2.6.34.7-0.3
root (hd0,1)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.34.7-0.3-default root=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-TOSHIBA_MK4032GSX_464R4040T-part2 resume=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-TOSHIBA_MK4032GSX_464R4040T-part1 splash=silent quiet showopts vga=0x31a
initrd /boot/initrd-2.6.34.7-0.3-default


What should I do?


3. Downloading... will try soon after above...


Thanks
 
Old 10-02-2010, 05:55 PM   #38
aus9
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Registered: Oct 2003
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eek

I have no idea either...maybe edit and add the irq bootcode to
DEFAULT_APPEND="resume=/dev/disk/by-id/ata-TOSHIBA_MK4032GSX_464R4040T-part1 splash=silent quiet showopts"

and run update-grub


but I am not advising you to try it....I have no idea.

I can not help....you must go to opensuse forum and ask there pls...or post a new thread in LQ under opensuse but I can not help.
 
Old 10-03-2010, 04:01 AM   #39
charesnape
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Registered: Sep 2010
Posts: 29

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Ok.

Thanks for the help.

Sorry for the troulbe.
 
  


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