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Old 06-10-2010, 09:34 AM   #1
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How to edit a file in grub mode

I was having windows 7 and fedora linux 12 in dual. My windows crashed and i cant even go to the recovery console. After booting it just goes to the grub what ever key i press (other than f2 for bios). So i thought of editing the /boot/grub/menu.lst file and changed the values. After rebooting, i still cant go the windows recovery console. Also if i press some other key its showing the grub option, when i try to boot to the linux, it says 'unable to mount'. I tried using live cd to edit the menu.lst file back to the original values, but when i open that file, it shows nothing. When i see in grub mode (after rebooting, going to grub options) i can see the file with all the details. How can i edit the file from grub mode? I tried help in grub mode, i am not sure what command to use exactly. Can anyone help on this.

Thanks in advance.

Last edited by san4fun2004; 06-10-2010 at 10:21 AM.
Old 06-10-2010, 10:28 AM   #2
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you don't need to edit it, just enter your boot parameters directly in the grub shell.
Old 06-10-2010, 11:51 AM   #3
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Assuming your hard disk is not the problem, when the grub screen appears, press "c" to get into grub's prompt and type...
root (hd0,0) #change as needed to your windows partition
chainloader   +1
Old 06-11-2010, 01:44 PM   #4
Karl Godt
Registered: Mar 2010
Location: Kiel , Germany
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cat >> does not work at grub1 to write into menu.lst

It might not be possible to write into /boot/grub/menu.lst
from grub1 shell :

grub> cat >> /boot/grub/menu.lst

Error 12: Invalid device requested

grub> root (hd0,0)

grub> cat >> /boot/grub/menu.lst

Error 1: Filename must be either an absolute pathname or blocklist
try :
grub> find (hd0,0)/boot/TAB
 Possible files are: grub vmlinuz

grub> find (hd0,0)/boot/grub/TAB
 Possible files are: e2fs_stage1_5 fat_stage1_5 jfs_stage1_5 minix_stage1_5 rei
serfs_stage1_5 stage1 stage2 stage2_eltorito xfs_stage1_5 usage.txt mbr.sda.310
82 menu.lst

grub> cat (hd0,0)/boot/grub/menu.lstENTER
to see if it is still there
grub> geometry (hd0,0)
drive 0x80: C/H/S = 527/255/63, The number of sectors = 8467200, /dev/sda
   Partition num: 0,  Filesystem type is ext2fs, partition type 0x83
   Partition num: 1,  Filesystem type unknown, partition type 0x82
REMEMBER most LiveCD/DVD start up to $-user mode
to turn to #-user mode differs a lot
try sudo , su or su root
sudo bash etc. for root xterm/console
sudo editor for rw ability at gedit/leafpad etc.
sudo filemanager for pcmanfm/thunar etc.
(hope that helps)
btw : what were you running last at windows and fedora 12
did you had some update to f 13 as it is released for the moment
it still looks like fedora uses grub 1 for grub 2 is being introduced


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