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Old 09-06-2007, 03:49 PM   #1
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Time for server upgrade - need advice

So I created a LAMP site on a Fedora Linux server running on a dedicated 2GHZ Celeron server with 768MB RAM. I set it up, we launched, and it was off and running and I forgot about it. I got a call from my partner/friend the other day and he says that people have been using it and it's getting a bit slow. I'm pretty new to diagnosing server bottlnecks. Can someone check out my diagnosis here and maybe answer a question or two?

First, uname:
[root@mydomain root]# uname -a
Linux 2.4.22-1.2115.nptl #1 Wed Oct 29 15:42:51 EST 2003 i686 i686 i386 GNU/Linux
I ran free during peak usage and noticed that I'm getting some memory swapping going on so it looks like more RAM is needed--at least I think so. I also ran top a bit after peak usage hours and got the following output:
 16:16:42  up 463 days,  3:17,  1 user,  load average: 1.05, 0.62, 0.64
109 processes: 108 sleeping, 1 running, 0 zombie, 0 stopped
CPU states:  cpu    user    nice  system    irq  softirq  iowait    idle
           total    0.4%    0.0%    2.9%   0.0%     0.0%    0.0%   96.5%
Mem:   765520k av,  608828k used,  156692k free,       0k shrd,   71488k buff
       349696k active,             211724k inactive
Swap: 1052248k av,  120996k used,  931252k free                  310264k cached

 3818 root      16   0 38120 2692  2660 S     0.9  0.3 24762m   0 httpd
 3691 mysql     16   0 17764  12M 10340 S     0.0  1.7 23293m   0 mysqld
 4005 root      16   0   448  396   352 S     0.0  0.0  8793m   0 crond
 4272 root      16   0 19640 8488  7396 S     0.0  1.1  2599m   0 spamd
    1 root      16   0   256  232   204 S     0.0  0.0 940:05   0 init
 3588 root      16   0   596  480   444 S     0.0  0.0 131:07   0 sshd
 3743 root      16   0  1372  832   704 S     0.0  0.1 126:50   0 sendmail
 3578 root      16   0   568  464   420 S     0.0  0.0 110:45   0 esshd
 3613 root      15   0   468  400   352 S     0.0  0.0 109:42   0 xinetd
The CPU consumption for mysqld bursts into 50, 75, 90 per cent and higher range every now and then for a split second. The load average is getting fairly high too. Or is it?

* A bit of memory swapping to disk going on, but not much. 1.5GB to 2GB of RAM should remedy that (OR WOULD IT?). It might be nice to get more for unexpected bursts during peak hours.
* The server does NOT seem to be I/O bound so current disk drive configuration is probably adequate (COMMENTS?). If we want to plan ahead for future disk bottleneck, put Linux, Apache, and MySQL all on separate disks or use a RAID setup for all 3.
* A multi-core or multi-cpu system could provide better performance because Apache and MySQL would be able to execute code concurrently (I'm not sure of this...IS THIS TRUE?).
* Another possibly approach would be to put MYSQL on a separate machine with its own separate resources (PROS? CONS? WILL NETWORK PROVE TO BE A BOTTLENECK?)

Any help is much appreciated!
Old 09-06-2007, 08:34 PM   #2
Registered: Jun 2007
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If it was me, the first thing I'd do would be to upgrade the kernel and the server software and then take a look at iostat and top to see what's going on.
Old 09-06-2007, 09:28 PM   #3
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As you can see, the top information is displayed in my original post. I'm not familiar with iostat. Could you elaborate?


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