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Old 07-22-2003, 03:32 AM   #1
behd
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Jul 2003
Posts: 2

Rep: Reputation: 0
Harddisk geometry & partition's table problem...


Hi everyone,

I'am in deep shit !!! I can't mount anymore the root partition of my server (/dev/hdb6). Primary partition (/boot on /dev/hdb1) is still available tough ?!?

My system architecture:
Motherboard MSI-6163Pro(v2) with latest AWARD BIOS (>2000)
1 primary disk 20 Gb Quantum (/dev/hda with WinOS & Drake)
1 secondary disk 80 Gb Maxtor (/dev/hdb dedicated to Gentoo)

output of lsparts:
Code:

hda1: 1,506 Mbytes, type <0x7> (NTFS (or HPFS))
hda2: 15 Mbytes, type <0x83> (Ext2)
hda5: 4,000 Mbytes, type <0xc> (Win98 FAT32, LBA-mapped)
hda6: 8,001 Mbytes, type <0xc> (Win98 FAT32, LBA-mapped)
hda7: 2,000 Mbytes, type <0x183> (ReiserFS)
hda8: 133 Mbytes, type <0x82> (Linux Swap)
hda9: 3,937 Mbytes, type <0x183> (ReiserFS)
-
hdb1: 95 Mbytes, type <0x183> (ReiserFS)
hdb5: 488 Mbytes, type <0x82> (Linux Swap)
hdb6: 71,861 Mbytes, type <0x183> (ReiserFS)


output of sfdisk -l:
Code:

Disk /dev/hda: 2498 cylinders, 255 heads, 63 sectors/track
Units = cylinders of 8225280 bytes, blocks of 1024 bytes, counting from 0

Device Boot Start End #cyls #blocks Id System
/dev/hda1 * 0+ 191 192- 1542208+ 7 HPFS/NTFS
/dev/hda2 192 193 2 16065 83 Linux
/dev/hda3 194 2497 2304 18506880 f Win95 Ext'd (LBA)
/dev/hda4 0 - 0 0 0 Empty
/dev/hda5 194+ 703 510- 4096543+ b Win95 FAT32
/dev/hda6 704+ 1723 1020- 8193118+ b Win95 FAT32
/dev/hda7 1724+ 1978 255- 2048256 83 Linux
start: (c,h,s) expected (1023,254,63) found (1023,1,1)
/dev/hda8 1979+ 1995 17- 136521 82 Linux swap
start: (c,h,s) expected (1023,254,63) found (1023,1,1)
/dev/hda9 1996+ 2497 502- 4032283+ 83 Linux
start: (c,h,s) expected (1023,254,63) found (1023,1,1)

Disk /dev/hdb: 65531 cylinders, 16 heads, 63 sectors/track
Units = cylinders of 516096 bytes, blocks of 1024 bytes, counting from 0

Device Boot Start End #cyls #blocks Id System
/dev/hdb1 * 0+ 193 194- 97744+ 83 Linux
/dev/hdb2 194 158815 158622 79945488 5 Extended
/dev/hdb3 0 - 0 0 0 Empty
/dev/hdb4 0 - 0 0 0 Empty
/dev/hdb5 194+ 1185 992- 499936+ 82 Linux swap
/dev/hdb6 1186+ 147189 146004- 73585984+ 83 Linux


output of sfdisk -V:
Code:

llseek: invalid argument
cannot seek to 148367520
Warning: partition 2 extends past end of disk


disk geometry of /dev/hdb:
Code:

From vendor:
16383 Cyls / 16 Heads / 63 Sectors / 512 bytes/sector
Detected by the BIOS (provided as info, but nothing to do):
(LBA) 4111 Cyls / 255 Heads / 63 Sectors - 32Gb
Detected by sfdisk:
65531 Cyls / 16 Heads / 63 Sectors



Well according to sfdisk either my extended partition (/dev/hdb2) has suddenly grown or my root partition (/dev/hdb6) has been shrinked ?!?

Does someone know how I could fix the problem (or at least recover the datas) ??? Any help on this would be MUCH MUCH MUCH appreciated !!!


---
fdisk /dev/hdb -> unable to seek on /dev/hdb

if 'mount' works as sfdisk I presume that this problem should be recoverable (at least I hope) by fixing one of the partition table...
NB. Total #Cyls of extended part. (hdb2) > Total #Cyls of root part. (hdb6)

but which one should I fix & how ???

part of sfdisk code:
Code:

222 andersen 1.1 /*
223 * A. About seeking
224 */
225
226 /*
227 * sseek: seek to specified sector - return 0 on failure
228 *
229 * For >4GB disks lseek needs a > 32bit arg, and we have to use llseek.
230 * On the other hand, a 32 bit sector number is OK until 2TB.
231 * The routines _llseek and sseek below are the only ones that
232 * know about the loff_t type.
233 */
234 #ifndef __alpha__
235 static
236 erik 1.3 _syscall5(int, _llseek, uint, fd, ulong, hi, ulong, lo,
237 loff_t *, res, uint, wh);
238 andersen 1.1 #endif
239
240 erik 1.3 static int sseek(char *dev, unsigned int fd, unsigned long s)
241 {
242 loff_t in, out;
243
244 in = ((loff_t) s << 9);
245 out = 1;
246 andersen 1.1
247 #ifndef __alpha__
248 erik 1.3 if (_llseek(fd, in >> 32, in & 0xffffffff, &out, SEEK_SET) != 0) {
249 andersen 1.1 #else
250 erik 1.3 if ((out = lseek(fd, in, SEEK_SET)) != in) {
251 andersen 1.1 #endif
252 erik 1.3 perror("llseek");
253 erik 1.4 errorMsg("seek error on %s - cannot seek to %lu\n", dev, s, FALSE);
254 erik 1.3 return 0;
255 }
256 andersen 1.1
257 erik 1.3 if (in != out) {
258 erik 1.4 errorMsg("seek error: wanted 0x%08x%08x, got 0x%08x%08x\n",
259 erik 1.3 (uint) (in >> 32), (uint) (in & 0xffffffff),
260 (uint) (out >> 32), (uint) (out & 0xffffffff));
261 return 0;
262 }
263 return 1;
264 andersen 1.1 }
...
1276 /* Do they start past zero and end before end-of-disk? */
1277 {
1278 unsigned long ds = get_disksize(F_SECTOR);
1279
1280 for (p = partitions; p < partitions + partno; p++)
1281 erik 1.3 if (p->size) {
1282 if (p->start == 0) {
1283 warn("Warning: partition %s starts at sector 0\n",
1284 PNO(p));
1285 return 0;
1286 }
1287 if (p->size && p->start + p->size > ds) {
1288 warn
1289 ("Warning: partition %s extends past end of disk\n",
1290 PNO(p));
1291 return 0;
1292 }
1293 }
1294 }
 
Old 07-23-2003, 08:21 AM   #2
behd
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Jul 2003
Posts: 2

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 0
PROBLEM SOLVED !!!

seems it was a strange kernel issue (both 2.4.20 but one was recognising the correct geometry and the other not).

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if you ever have partition problem use gpart !!!
the program is really kewl & his author even more !!!
 
  


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