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Old 12-04-2006, 10:12 AM   #1
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untar to a specific folder


I'm trying to move IMAPed files from my old mail server to the new one. I began by tarring my old mail directory:

tar cvf kmurrah.tar /home/vmail/*

then moved the file to the new mail server. Then I uncompressed it by going to /home/kmurrah and using

tar xvf kmurrah.tar

problem is, I now have the files untarred at /home/kmurrah/home/vmail/ and there are so many of them, I can't cp them to the folder I want them in.

So, my question is this: is there a command I can use in either tarring or untarring that allows me to put the files in the directory I want? that is, so that the files can be untarred "loose" into whatever folder I want them in, not inside another folder?

I hope I've made my question clear.

Thanks in advance for the help.

Old 12-04-2006, 10:58 AM   #2
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tar xvf kmurrah.tar --strip-components 3

The "strip-components 3" tells it to remove the 3 leading directories from the filename. Note on older GNU tar it was --strip-path instead of --strip-components.

FYI type "man tar" for full details of its usage including the above.

Last edited by MensaWater; 12-05-2006 at 10:11 AM.
Old 12-04-2006, 01:04 PM   #3
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Additionally, are you familiar with "cp -r" (or is it "cp -R"?), the cp that recursively copies a directory and its children?
Old 12-04-2006, 01:27 PM   #4
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Don't copy the files after untarring them - mv them. As long as you're not moving to a different device, the operation is very quick.
Old 05-22-2010, 06:06 AM   #5
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tar -zxvf tarball.tar.gz -C <directory>

C is capitol.


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