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Old 04-02-2005, 04:04 PM   #1
Registered: Aug 2003
Location: USA
Distribution: Slackware 12.0 RC1
Posts: 129

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sh: line 1: /usr/bin/(swapd): No such file or directory

This happens when I manually try to run one of the init scripts in /etc/rc.d/init.d (I'm using Mandrake 9.2, btw). The script seems to complete successfully, but that message bugs me.

/usr/bin/(swapd) exists. It has permissions -rwx------ and belongs to root. Changing the permissions doesn't work.

What should I do?
Old 04-02-2005, 06:47 PM   #2
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Registered: Jul 2002
Location: East Centra Illinois, USA
Distribution: Debian stable
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First question: since the file belongs to root, are you trying to run it as root?
Second question: when you try to change the permissions, are you logged in as user, or did you su to root and try to change the permissions?
Third question: What is the exact command you issue when you try to run the script?
Old 04-03-2005, 08:23 PM   #3
Registered: Aug 2003
Location: USA
Distribution: Slackware 12.0 RC1
Posts: 129

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Sorry for the lack of clarity. I was in a hurry.

1. First, it isn't just one script that causes the error. Every init script I tried caused it. Yes, I am root when I run them.

2. When I try to change permissions on (swapd), I am root as well. I wasn't clear at all when I said changing permissions doesn't work. I meant to say that changing permissions (on swapd from -rwx------ to anything else) doesn't fix the error message. The act of changing permissions works just fine.

3. This error comes up whenever I try to run any init script in /etc/rc.d/init.d (like httpd or mysql). So, for example, I would use this exact command to start httpd: ./httpd start

4. I've reinstalled the system w/ Mandrake 10.1. End of problem.
Old 04-04-2005, 05:00 AM   #4
Registered: Apr 2004
Distribution: Slackware 9.1/10.1, Mandrake 9.1/10.1
Posts: 75

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Hi QtCoder,

The file /usr/bin/(swapd) looks suspicious, maybe you should check for any signs of break-in/rootkit first?
Old 04-11-2005, 05:33 PM   #5
Registered: Aug 2003
Location: USA
Distribution: Slackware 12.0 RC1
Posts: 129

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For the past couple weeks, I've been working furiously on securing the newly reinstalled system. I had decided to use a new hard drive since the other one was beginning to make some abnormally high-pitched noises signalling it's iminent death. After installing Mandrake 10.1, I was satisfied that the problem was gone and I could move on. But, curiosity got the best of me, thanks to nnsg.

I swapped the old hard drive back in so I could do a little forensics work and find out what had happened. I had set up the machine with very loose security (ie. none to speak of, besides the "High" security level provided by msec) because I used it as a learning tool to learn Linux. Well, I installed and ran chkrootkit which revealed a possible Madalin root kit. I'm fairly new to security, so already my adrenaline was pumping. I knew I had an intruder.

I tried running netstat to see anyone that was connected. Nothing abnormal showed up. So, I checked chkrootkit's output again and found that a couple programs had been changed (ls and netstat). I promptly downloaded and installed the appropriate rpms to replace those commands. Netstat then showed an odd connection from port 6667, which is IRC. Interesting. I recorded the IP, then ran netstat again. The 6667 connection was not there anymore. I reinstalled netstat again and the connection showed up. A few seconds later, it was gone again. Either the hacker was there, ready, or a cron job was doing the work of covering his tracks. So, I ran the hacked netstat with a few more options and |more, and when I hit 'q' to end the listing from more, I got an odd error message (more on that later). (One note: during all this, the machine was connected to the Internet because the only way I can administer the system conveniently is remotely from home. I couldn't unplug the cat5 cable to keep the hacker out.)

Netstat had showed that the 6667 connection was supposedly started by kjournald. Running 'ps ax' showed nothing unusual. So, I reinstalled the package containing ps. After running ps again, I saw ./kjournald in the output. That was the backdoor, apparently.

That odd error message from netstat revealed a very unusual directory as well as many 'grep -v' statements meant to exclude certain ports from the output. The error only showed up after piping to more and stopping with 'q'. So, I went to the directory and it turned out to be where the hacker had set up shop. One directory had all the system commands that had replaced mine, including some I didn't know had been changed. The others included an IRC program and the kjournald executable.

So, I backed up all my logs (besides the ones that had been removed by the hacker) and all the files in the hacker's directory. That way, after all this, I could thoroughly scan the logs and hacker-files to squeeze out any information relating to how he got in and any other identifying characteristics (like other IPs).

With the backup complete, I killed the kjournald process and (after reinstalling netstat yet again), saw that the connection was no longer there. I then deleted the hacker's files and checked my cron jobs to make sure kjournald wouldn't start again. Nothing happened. So, I ate, had some coffee, and came back 15 minutes later to see that a new connection had been made by a different IP. Netstat showed no process name attached to the connection, but there was a PID. Shortly after discovering the IP and PID with netstat, netstat was again replaced with a hacked version (I knew that because I ran chkrootkit before and after running netstat, and after, it said netstat was infected). I checked /proc/PID/exe to see what started the process. Right now, I can't remember the name of the process, but that's not important. So, I killed the process and right away, there it was again. I did that several times. Apparently, this ticked the hacker off, because all of a sudden, I started losing all my major shell commands, including rpm which I'd been using to reinstall hacked programs. It was so weird to use a command and 1 second later see, "Command not found." Panic!! Luckily, the shutdown command was still there. I tried shutdown -h now, but after the initial message saying the system was going down, nothing else happened. I was logged out, but the system kept going, and I couldn't log in again. He locked me out of my own system.

I tried calling the place where the system resides to have someone unplug the cat5 cable for me, but no one was there. In about an hour or so, I was there myself and unplugged it. Ahh, relief.

After doing some investigating, I noticed some log entries about unusual telnet traffic. Why did I ever install telnet in the first place? I have concluded that the hacker got in via telnet, but I'm really not sure because I don't have enough information. I found that the original IP was from Amsterdam. I also found 3 other IP's. Now, my objective will be to contact the ISP's of those IP's to report the incident.

So, now that the system is reinstalled, I have taken the time to learn IPTables, PSAD, msec, Tripwire, and more so I can prevent such an attack in the future. I will bet that as soon as the system is live on the Internet again, I will receive some scans/hack attempts from those IP's. This time, I'm ready (or more ready than before, at least).

And that's my story.

Last edited by QtCoder; 04-11-2005 at 05:42 PM.


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