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Old 09-18-2004, 05:07 AM   #1
Ofvitinn
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Registered: Sep 2004
Location: Denmark, island of Bornholm
Distribution: Fedora Core 2
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Question Resizing a linux partition using parted


HI,
I need to use some WIN programs so I need to make my system dualbootable(I am a Newbie). I am having problems with partitioning. Here are the outputs from df -h and fdisk:
df -h:
Code:
 
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/hda3              37G   26G  8.6G  76% /
/dev/hda2              99M   14M   81M  15% /boot
none                  126M     0  126M   0% /dev/shm
fdisk:
Code:
[root@0x50a47ceb iso]# /sbin/fdisk /dev/hda
 
The number of cylinders for this disk is set to 4864.
There is nothing wrong with that, but this is larger than 1024,
and could in certain setups cause problems with:
1) software that runs at boot time (e.g., old versions of LILO)
2) booting and partitioning software from other OSs
   (e.g., DOS FDISK, OS/2 FDISK)
 
Command (m for help): p
 
Disk /dev/hda: 40.0 GB, 40007761920 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 4864 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
 
   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/hda1   *           1           4       32098+  de  Dell Utility
/dev/hda2               5          17      104422+  83  Linux
/dev/hda3              18        4798    38403382+  83  Linux
/dev/hda4            4799        4864      530145    f  W95 Ext'd (LBA)
/dev/hda5            4799        4863      522081   82  Linux swap
 
Command (m for help):
Now, I need to resize hda3 to make room for a Fat32 partition, right?
But I cant do that while using hda3? So what I need to do is, what? Boot up from my Fedora Core 2 CD? Or use FreeCd(dont know what that is, my friend just told me that I could do it throgh that)?
I found this page:(I am not allowed to post an url apparently, but if you search for parted on Redhat.com it is the first result if you sort by relevancy)
which tells me that I can boot up from Fedora Core CD, and then "Once you have booted off the CD, you will receive a boot prompt. At the boot prompt, type: linux rescue"
Then it goes on to give an exaple:
parted /dev/hda
resize 3 1024 2048
Does this resize command change a partition from 1GB to 2GB?

Now there would be empty space between hda3 and hda4? or will they move automaticly?
Should I move them?
Can I Use Partition Magic 8 to make the new Win Partition?

I am basicly just insecure about what i am doing, I have read a lot about this, many howtos(some irellivant I found out). So please some guidence will be appreciated.

Last edited by Ofvitinn; 09-18-2004 at 05:08 AM.
 
Old 09-18-2004, 10:55 AM   #2
Mathiasdm
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Registered: Aug 2004
Distribution: Ubuntu Gutsy Gibbon
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Resize command with parted:

parted resize 3 1024 2048
would resize hda3... It would then start at 1 Gb and end at 2 Gb from the start of your harddisk.
Its size would therefore be 1 Gb.
If I remember correctly (it's been about a month since I've used parted), the area between hda3 and hda4 will be unused.
Then, you can type
parted mkpartfs primary fat32 2049 4797
(If you do this, you'll leave out about 2 Mb, 1 at the start of your partition, one at the end).
The command basically says: make a partition with a filesystem, make it a primary partition, it should have a fat32 file system, it should start at 2049 Mb from the start and end at 4797 Mb from the start.


It's okay to be incertain.
However, you could find this information with the user manual: http://www.gnu.org/software/parted/m...no/parted.html

Have fun ;-)
 
Old 09-18-2004, 11:27 AM   #3
Ofvitinn
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Registered: Sep 2004
Location: Denmark, island of Bornholm
Distribution: Fedora Core 2
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Original Poster
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Thanx for the help

Yea, I must admit that between time of posting and reading your reply I came to the same conclusion.
But what about Windows does it not write over the bootloader?
Can I fix that with my Fedora Core CD?

Is it Absolutly safe to resize a ext3 partition? Can I move it with Parted?(it is my / partition(i.e. root))

Again, thanx for the help.


Signed, Paranoid guy!
 
Old 09-18-2004, 07:05 PM   #4
mysterio
Member
 
Registered: Sep 2003
Location: Springfield Ma.
Distribution: Mandrake 9.2,Knoppix 3.7,Slackware 10.0, FreeBSD. 5.3, OpenBSD 3.6, NetBSD 2.0, Debian
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Is it Absolutly safe to resize a ext3 partition?
There's always that chance that something can go wrong. If you have anything important on that partition back it up. I've used parted probably 10 -12 times resizing partitions and never had a problem.
 
Old 09-19-2004, 08:40 AM   #5
Ofvitinn
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Registered: Sep 2004
Location: Denmark, island of Bornholm
Distribution: Fedora Core 2
Posts: 5

Original Poster
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Ok, now I think I need some expert help.
I tryed using parted to resize my partition and after entering the new endpoint I recived an error message that told me that the filesystem had an incompatible feture enabled!!!!????
How can I get around that?
Please help me.
 
Old 10-04-2004, 10:22 PM   #6
dubya
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Registered: Mar 2004
Location: Kitchener, Ontario, Canada
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Hey,
I've come across this problem before too.

Apparently the file system that Fedora Core 2 uses is different and causes many problems with partitioning software. Partition magic and parted are both unable to modify these types. The fs type is ext3, but has some sort of weird feature that causes these problems. Possilbly a bug, possibly intentional. I don't know.

I haven't come across a program that will resize these yet, but if you search a lot you may find some way around it...and if you do, let me know.

Sorry I can't be any more help, just wanted to inform.
 
  


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