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-   -   ram image not finding root block (3,1) partition (

fourcs 05-21-2007 08:28 PM

ram image not finding root block (3,1) partition
Using stock generic, single processor kernel. Can't get ram disk image to mount root partition. It doesn't see the root block (3,1). I've tried for 3 days now. Have exhausted possible explanations. I've used mkinitrd to make the image, which is seen. But I just can't get the image to find the root block. Using lilo.

DragonM15 05-22-2007 02:08 AM

What is your hard drive controller? Can you give us an 'lspci', maybe dmesg? What type of hard drive? SATA, IDE, any idea?


fourcs 05-22-2007 03:05 AM

hard drive
Thanks for your reply.
I'm using kernel to produce this. I'm using Slackware 10.2 with version 11 upgrades.
The hard drive is IDE.
The lspci is:

00:00.0 Host bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT8377 [KT400/KT600 AGP] Host Bridge
00:01.0 PCI bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT8235 PCI Bridge
00:07.0 SCSI storage controller: Advanced System Products, Inc ABP940-U / ABP960-U (rev 03)
00:0c.0 Multimedia audio controller: C-Media Electronics Inc CM8738 (rev 10)
00:10.0 USB Controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (rev 80)
00:10.1 USB Controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (rev 80)
00:10.2 USB Controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82xxxxx UHCI USB 1.1 Controller (rev 80)
00:10.3 USB Controller: VIA Technologies, Inc. USB 2.0 (rev 82)
00:11.0 ISA bridge: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT8235 ISA Bridge
00:11.1 IDE interface: VIA Technologies, Inc. VT82C586A/B/VT82C686/A/B/VT823x/A/C PIPC Bus Master IDE (rev 06)
01:00.0 VGA compatible controller: nVidia Corporation NV11DDR [GeForce2 MX 100 DDR/200 DDR] (rev b2)

The dmesg is:

> BIOS-e820: 00000000fee00000 - 00000000fee01000 (reserved)
BIOS-e820: 00000000fff80000 - 0000000100000000 (reserved)
127MB HIGHMEM available.
896MB LOWMEM available.
Entering add_active_range(0, 0, 262128) 0 entries of 256 used
Zone PFN ranges:
DMA 0 -> 4096
Normal 4096 -> 229376
HighMem 229376 -> 262128
early_node_map[1] active PFN ranges
0: 0 -> 262128
On node 0 totalpages: 262128
DMA zone: 32 pages used for memmap
DMA zone: 0 pages reserved
DMA zone: 4064 pages, LIFO batch:0
Normal zone: 1760 pages used for memmap
Normal zone: 223520 pages, LIFO batch:31
HighMem zone: 255 pages used for memmap
HighMem zone: 32497 pages, LIFO batch:7
DMI 2.3 present.
ACPI: RSDP 000FA9D0, 0014 (r0 AMI )
ACPI: RSDT 3FFF0000, 002C (r1 AMIINT VIA_K7 10 MSFT 97)
ACPI: FACP 3FFF0030, 0081 (r1 AMIINT VIA_K7 11 MSFT 97)
ACPI: DSDT 3FFF0120, 328B (r1 VIA VIA_K7 1000 MSFT 100000D)
ACPI: FACS 3FFF8000, 0040
ACPI: APIC 3FFF00C0, 0054 (r1 AMIINT VIA_K7 9 MSFT 97)
ACPI: PM-Timer IO Port: 0x808
Allocating PCI resources starting at 50000000 (gap: 40000000:bec00000)
Built 1 zonelists. Total pages: 260081
Kernel command line: BOOT_IMAGE= ro root=301
Enabling fast FPU save and restore... done.
Enabling unmasked SIMD FPU exception support... done.
Initializing CPU#0
PID hash table entries: 4096 (order: 12, 16384 bytes)
Detected 1100.151 MHz processor.
Console: colour dummy device 80x25
Dentry cache hash table entries: 131072 (order: 7, 524288 bytes)
Inode-cache hash table entries: 65536 (order: 6, 262144 bytes)
Memory: 1030344k/1048512k available (5888k kernel code, 17528k reserved, 1826k data, 336k init, 131008k highmem)
virtual kernel memory layout:
fixmap : 0xfffea000 - 0xfffff000 ( 84 kB)
pkmap : 0xff800000 - 0xffc00000 (4096 kB)
vmalloc : 0xf8800000 - 0xff7fe000 ( 111 MB)
lowmem : 0xc0000000 - 0xf8000000 ( 896 MB)
.init : 0xc088c000 - 0xc08e0000 ( 336 kB)
.data : 0xc06c0365 - 0xc0888bac (1826 kB)
.text : 0xc0100000 - 0xc06c0365 (5888 kB)
Checking if this processor honours the WP bit even in supervisor mode... Ok.
Calibrating delay using timer specific routine.. 2202.79 BogoMIPS (lpj=4405595)
Security Framework v1.0.0 initialized
Mount-cache hash table entries: 512
CPU: After generic identify, caps: 0383fbff c1c3fbff 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
CPU: CLK_CTL MSR was 6003d22f. Reprogramming to 2003d22f
CPU: L1 I Cache: 64K (64 bytes/line), D cache 64K (64 bytes/line)
CPU: L2 Cache: 512K (64 bytes/line)
CPU: After all inits, caps: 0383fbff c1c3fbff 00000000 00000420 00000000 00000000 00000000
Intel machine check architecture supported.
Intel machine check reporting enabled on CPU#0.
Compat vDSO mapped to ffffe000.
CPU: AMD Athlon(tm) Processor stepping 00
Checking 'hlt' instruction... OK.
ACPI: Core revision 20070126
ACPI: setting ELCR to 0200 (from 1c20)
NET: Registered protocol family 16
ACPI: bus type pci registered
PCI: PCI BIOS revision 2.10 entry at 0xfdaf1, last bus=1
PCI: Using configuration type 1
Setting up standard PCI resources
ACPI: Interpreter enabled
ACPI: (supports S0 S1 S4 S5)
ACPI: Using PIC for interrupt routing
ACPI: PCI Root Bridge [PCI0] (0000:00)
PCI: Probing PCI hardware (bus 00)
PCI quirk: region 0800-087f claimed by vt8235 PM
PCI quirk: region 0400-040f claimed by vt8235 SMB
Boot video device is 0000:01:00.0
ACPI: PCI Interrupt Routing Table [\_SB_.PCI0._PRT]
ACPI: PCI Interrupt Link [LNKA] (IRQs 3 4 5 6 7 10 *11 12 14 15)
ACPI: PCI Interrupt Link [LNKB] (IRQs 3 4 *5 6 7 10 11 12 14 15)
ACPI: PCI Interrupt Link [LNKC] (IRQs 3 4 5 6 7 10 11 *12 14 15)
ACPI: PCI Interrupt Link [LNKD] (IRQs 3 4 5 6 7 *10 11 12 14 15)
ACPI: Power Resource [URP1] (off)
ACPI: Power Resource [URP2] (off)
ACPI: Power Resource [FDDP] (off)
ACPI: Power Resource [LPTP] (off)
Linux Plug and Play Support v0.97 (c) Adam Belay
pnp: PnP ACPI init
pnp: PnP ACPI: found 10 devices
SCSI subsystem initialized
libata version 2.20 loaded.
usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs
usbcore: registered new interface driver hub
usbcore: registered new device driver usb
PCI: Using ACPI for IRQ routing
PCI: If a device doesn't work, try "pci=routeirq". If it helps, post a report
ieee1394: Initialized config rom entry `ip1394'
Time: tsc clocksource has been installed.
PCI: Bridge: 0000:00:01.0
IO window: disabled.
MEM window: dde00000-dfefffff
PREFETCH window: cdd00000-ddcfffff
PCI: Setting latency timer of device 0000:00:01.0 to 64
NET: Registered protocol family 2
IP route cache hash table entries: 32768 (order: 5, 131072 bytes)
TCP established hash table entries: 131072 (order: 8, 1048576 bytes)
TCP bind hash table entries: 65536 (order: 6, 262144 bytes)
TCP: Hash tables configured (established 131072 bind 65536)
TCP reno registered
apm: BIOS version 1.2 Flags 0x03 (Driver version 1.16ac)
apm: overridden by ACPI.
highmem bounce pool size: 64 pages
VFS: Disk quotas dquot_6.5.1
Dquot-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order 0, 4096 bytes)
NTFS driver 2.1.28 [Flags: R/W].
JFS: nTxBlock = 8051, nTxLock = 64412
SGI XFS with ACLs, security attributes, large block numbers, no debug enabled
SGI XFS Quota Management subsystem
OCFS2 1.3.3
OCFS2 Node Manager 1.3.3
OCFS2 DLM 1.3.3
OCFS2 User DLM kernel interface loaded
GFS2 (built May 5 2007 21:01:33) installed
io scheduler noop registered
io scheduler anticipatory registered
io scheduler deadline registered
io scheduler cfq registered (default)
pci_hotplug: PCI Hot Plug PCI Core version: 0.5
vesafb: framebuffer at 0xd0000000, mapped to 0xf8d00000, using 1536k, total 32768k
vesafb: mode is 1024x768x8, linelength=1024, pages=4
vesafb: protected mode interface info at c000:0eb9
vesafb: pmi: set display start = c00c0ef2, set palette = c00c0f68
vesafb: pmi: ports = 3b4 3b5 3ba 3c0 3c1 3c4 3c5 3c6 3c7 3c8 3c9 3cc 3ce 3cf 3d0 3d1 3d2 3d3 3d4 3d5 3da
vesafb: scrolling: redraw
vesafb: Pseudocolor: size=8:8:8:8, shift=0:0:0:0
Console: switching to colour frame buffer device 128x48
fb0: VESA VGA frame buffer device
isapnp: Scanning for PnP cards...
isapnp: No Plug & Play device found
Real Time Clock Driver v1.12ac
Serial: 8250/16550 driver $Revision: 1.90 $ 4 ports, IRQ sharing enabled
serial8250: ttyS0 at I/O 0x3f8 (irq = 4) is a 16550A
serial8250: ttyS1 at I/O 0x2f8 (irq = 3) is a 16550A
00:02: ttyS0 at I/O 0x3f8 (irq = 4) is a 16550A
00:03: ttyS1 at I/O 0x2f8 (irq = 3) is a 16550A
Floppy drive(s): fd0 is 1.44M
FDC 0 is a post-1991 82077
RAMDISK driver initialized: 16 RAM disks of 16384K size 1024 blocksize
loop: loaded (max 8 devices)
Compaq SMART2 Driver (v 2.6.0)
HP CISS Driver (v 3.6.14)
input: Macintosh mouse button emulation as /class/input/input0
Uniform Multi-Platform E-IDE driver Revision: 7.00alpha2
ide: Assuming 33MHz system bus speed for PIO modes; override with idebus=xx
VP_IDE: IDE controller at PCI slot 0000:00:11.1
ACPI: Unable to derive IRQ for device 0000:00:11.1
ACPI: PCI Interrupt 0000:00:11.1[A]: no GSI
VP_IDE: chipset revision 6
VP_IDE: not 100% native mode: will probe irqs later
VP_IDE: VIA vt8235 (rev 00) IDE UDMA133 controller on pci0000:00:11.1
ide0: BM-DMA at 0xfc00-0xfc07, BIOS settings: hda:DMA, hdb:DMA
ide1: BM-DMA at 0xfc08-0xfc0f, BIOS settings: hdc:pio, hdd:pio
Probing IDE interface ide0...
hda: WDC WD1200JB-00CRA1, ATA DISK drive
ide0 at 0x1f0-0x1f7,0x3f6 on irq 14
Probing IDE interface ide1...
Probing IDE interface ide1...
hda: max request size: 128KiB
hda: 234441648 sectors (120034 MB) w/8192KiB Cache, CHS=65535/16/63, UDMA(100)
hda: cache flushes not supported
hda: hda1 hda2
hdb: ATAPI 48X DVD-ROM DVD-R-RAM CD-R/RW drive, 2048kB Cache, UDMA(33)
Uniform CD-ROM driver Revision: 3.20
ide-floppy driver 0.99.newide
Loading iSCSI transport class v2.0-724.
iscsi: registered transport (tcp)
Loading Adaptec I2O RAID: Version 2.4 Build 5go
Detecting Adaptec I2O RAID controllers...
Adaptec aacraid driver (1.1-5[2423]-mh3)
aic94xx: Adaptec aic94xx SAS/SATA driver version 1.0.3 loaded
scsi: <fdomain> Detection failed (no card)
sym53c416.c: Version 1.0.0-ac
qlogicfas: no cards were found, please specify I/O address and IRQ using iobase= and irq= options<6>QLogic Fibre Channel HBA Driver
iscsi: registered transport (qla4xxx)
QLogic iSCSI HBA Driver
Emulex LightPulse Fibre Channel SCSI driver 8.1.11
Copyright(c) 2004-2006 Emulex. All rights reserved.
seagate: ST0x/TMC-8xx not detected.
Failed initialization of WD-7000 SCSI card!
ACPI: PCI Interrupt Link [LNKD] enabled at IRQ 10
PCI: setting IRQ 10 as level-triggered
ACPI: PCI Interrupt 0000:00:07.0[A] -> Link [LNKD] -> GSI 10 (level, low) -> IRQ 10
DC390: clustering now enabled by default. If you get problems load
with "disable_clustering=1" and report to maintainers
megaraid cmm: (Release Date: Sun Jul 16 00:01:03 EST 2006)
megaraid: (Release Date: Thu Nov 16 15:32:35 EST 2006)
megasas: Wed Feb 14 10:14:25 PST 2007
GDT-HA: Storage RAID Controller Driver. Version: 3.05
GDT-HA: Found 0 PCI Storage RAID Controllers
3ware Storage Controller device driver for Linux v1.26.02.002.
3ware 9000 Storage Controller device driver for Linux v2.26.02.008.
nsp32: loading...
ipr: IBM Power RAID SCSI Device Driver version: 2.3.1 (January 23, 2007)
RocketRAID 3xxx SATA Controller driver v1.0 (060426)
st: Version 20070203, fixed bufsize 32768, s/g segs 256
I2O subsystem v1.325
i2o: max drivers = 8
I2O Configuration OSM v1.323
I2O Bus Adapter OSM v1.317
I2O Block Device OSM v1.325
I2O SCSI Peripheral OSM v1.316
I2O ProcFS OSM v1.316
Fusion MPT base driver 3.04.04
Copyright (c) 1999-2007 LSI Logic Corporation
Fusion MPT SPI Host driver 3.04.04
Fusion MPT FC Host driver 3.04.04
Fusion MPT SAS Host driver 3.04.04
usbmon: debugfs is not available
ACPI: PCI Interrupt 0000:00:10.3[D] -> Link [LNKD] -> GSI 10 (level, low) -> IRQ 10
ehci_hcd 0000:00:10.3: EHCI Host Controller
ehci_hcd 0000:00:10.3: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1
ehci_hcd 0000:00:10.3: irq 10, io mem 0xdffffe00
ehci_hcd 0000:00:10.3: USB 2.0 started, EHCI 1.00, driver 10 Dec 2004
usb usb1: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice
hub 1-0:1.0: USB hub found
hub 1-0:1.0: 6 ports detected
116x: driver isp116x-hcd, 03 Nov 2005
ohci_hcd: 2006 August 04 USB 1.1 'Open' Host Controller (OHCI) Driver
USB Universal Host Controller Interface driver v3.0
ACPI: PCI Interrupt Link [LNKA] enabled at IRQ 11
PCI: setting IRQ 11 as level-triggered
ACPI: PCI Interrupt 0000:00:10.0[A] -> Link [LNKA] -> GSI 11 (level, low) -> IRQ 11
uhci_hcd 0000:00:10.0: UHCI Host Controller
uhci_hcd 0000:00:10.0: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 2
uhci_hcd 0000:00:10.0: irq 11, io base 0x0000dc00
usb usb2: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice
hub 2-0:1.0: USB hub found
hub 2-0:1.0: 2 ports detected
ACPI: PCI Interrupt Link [LNKB] enabled at IRQ 5
PCI: setting IRQ 5 as level-triggered
ACPI: PCI Interrupt 0000:00:10.1[B] -> Link [LNKB] -> GSI 5 (level, low) -> IRQ 5
uhci_hcd 0000:00:10.1: UHCI Host Controller
uhci_hcd 0000:00:10.1: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 3
uhci_hcd 0000:00:10.1: irq 5, io base 0x0000e000
usb usb3: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice
hub 3-0:1.0: USB hub found
hub 3-0:1.0: 2 ports detected
ACPI: PCI Interrupt Link [LNKC] enabled at IRQ 12
PCI: setting IRQ 12 as level-triggered
ACPI: PCI Interrupt 0000:00:10.2[C] -> Link [LNKC] -> GSI 12 (level, low) -> IRQ 12
uhci_hcd 0000:00:10.2: UHCI Host Controller
uhci_hcd 0000:00:10.2: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 4
uhci_hcd 0000:00:10.2: irq 12, io base 0x0000e400
usb usb4: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice
hub 4-0:1.0: USB hub found
hub 4-0:1.0: 2 ports detected
sl811: driver sl811-hcd, 19 May 2005
Initializing USB Mass Storage driver...
usb 1-3: new high speed USB device using ehci_hcd and address 4
usb 1-3: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice
usb 2-1: new low speed USB device using uhci_hcd and address 2
usb 2-1: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice
usb 2-2: new full speed USB device using uhci_hcd and address 3
usb 2-2: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice
scsi2 : SCSI emulation for USB Mass Storage devices
usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage
USB Mass Storage support registered.
usb-storage: device found at 4
usb-storage: waiting for device to settle before scanning
usbcore: registered new interface driver hiddev
input: KYE PowerScroll EYE as /class/input/input1
input: USB HID v1.10 Mouse [KYE PowerScroll EYE] on usb-0000:00:10.0-1
usbcore: registered new interface driver usbhid
drivers/usb/input/hid-core.c: v2.6:USB HID core driver
PNP: PS/2 Controller [PNP0303:PS2K] at 0x60,0x64 irq 1
PNP: PS/2 controller doesn't have AUX irq; using default 12
serio: i8042 KBD port at 0x60,0x64 irq 1
mice: PS/2 mouse device common for all mice
md: linear personality registered for level -1
md: raid0 personality registered for level 0
md: raid1 personality registered for level 1
md: raid10 personality registered for level 10
raid6: int32x1 413 MB/s
raid6: int32x2 414 MB/s
raid6: int32x4 355 MB/s
raid6: int32x8 288 MB/s
raid6: mmxx1 908 MB/s
raid6: mmxx2 1452 MB/s
raid6: sse1x1 851 MB/s
raid6: sse1x2 1384 MB/s
raid6: using algorithm sse1x2 (1384 MB/s)
md: raid6 personality registered for level 6
md: raid5 personality registered for level 5
md: raid4 personality registered for level 4
raid5: automatically using best checksumming function: pIII_sse
pIII_sse : 1410.000 MB/sec
raid5: using function: pIII_sse (1410.000 MB/sec)
md: multipath personality registered for level -4
device-mapper: ioctl: 4.11.0-ioctl (2006-10-12) initialised:
TCP cubic registered
Initializing XFRM netlink socket
NET: Registered protocol family 1
NET: Registered protocol family 17
Using IPI Shortcut mode
input: AT Translated Set 2 keyboard as /class/input/input2
md: Autodetecting RAID arrays.
md: autorun ...
md: ... autorun DONE.
kjournald starting. Commit interval 5 seconds
EXT3-fs: mounted filesystem with ordered data mode.
VFS: Mounted root (ext3 filesystem) readonly.
Freeing unused kernel memory: 336k freed
EXT3 FS on hda1, internal journal
input: PC Speaker as /class/input/input3
parport: PnPBIOS parport detected.
parport0: PC-style at 0x378, irq 7 [PCSPP]
scsi 2:0:0:0: Direct-Access Generic USB Storage-SMC I03A PQ: 0 ANSI: 0 CCS
sd 2:0:0:0: Attached scsi removable disk sda
scsi 2:0:0:1: Direct-Access Generic USB Storage-CFC I03A PQ: 0 ANSI: 0 CCS
sd 2:0:0:1: Attached scsi removable disk sdb
scsi 2:0:0:2: Direct-Access Generic USB Storage-MMC I03A PQ: 0 ANSI: 0 CCS
sd 2:0:0:2: Attached scsi removable disk sdc
scsi 2:0:0:3: Direct-Access Generic USB Storage-MSC I03A PQ: 0 ANSI: 0 CCS
sd 2:0:0:3: Attached scsi removable disk sdd
usb-storage: device scan complete
lp0: using parport0 (interrupt-driven).
lp0: console ready
Linux agpgart interface v0.102 (c) Dave Jones
Capability LSM initialized
NET: Registered protocol family 10
lo: Disabled Privacy Extensions
ACPI: PCI Interrupt 0000:00:0c.0[A] -> Link [LNKA] -> GSI 11 (level, low) -> IRQ 11
PPP generic driver version 2.4.2
PPP BSD Compression module registered
zlib_inflate: exports duplicate symbol zlib_inflateIncomp (owned by kernel)
PPP Deflate Compression module registered

DragonM15 05-22-2007 12:19 PM

Are you certain that you have support in your non-working kernel for EXT3 and VFS? Otherwise it is your hard drive controller that doesnt have support in your non-working kernel. Ensure that your filesystem (EXT3) is supported in your kernel first.


File System > EXT3 journalling file system support

fourcs 05-26-2007 05:58 AM

My generic- has modules for ext2, ext3. The config file calls the file ext2 and ext3 file systems as modules with the initrd image. The config file sets up the IDE drive with "CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IDEDISK=y".

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