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Old 12-02-2002, 11:10 AM   #1
krustwell
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Registered: Dec 2002
Location: NC
Distribution: Slackware 8.0, RH 7.2, RH 8.0
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Problem booting RH 8.0


hello all,

SPECS
- RH 8.0 on Athlon 700MHz and 384MB RAM
- kernel 2.4.18-18.8-0
- dual booting Win98 using GRUB

PROBLEM
i was messing around trying to get Java working with my web browser (Opera) and made some adjustments to my "/etc/profile". turns out i had an invalid path in there, but upon booting Linux, i was able to log in via command line, edit "/etc/profile" and fix the errors. or so i thought...

now, when linux boots, it tries to go into the Graphical Login screen but can't. the screen is black and if i hit the keyboard, a blue screen comes up telling me there's an error with X and do i want to troubleshoot it, etc. when i do, the only options it gives me are resolution and colors. then it tries to restart X, fails and i'm back where i started.

QUESTION
how can i boot my kernel and not have it hang forever trying to start X? i'd hate to think my whole OS is hosed b/c of an error in my profile. all i want to do is boot to the command line login and i'll go from there.

thanks in advance,

krust
 
Old 12-02-2002, 11:33 AM   #2
neo77777
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Registered: Dec 2001
Location: Brooklyn, NY
Distribution: *NIX
Posts: 3,704

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You can always boot into single user mode by giving the following sequence at boot prompt
kernel_image single *
remount root partition red-write
mount -o remount /dev/hdXN **
become root and edit /etc/inittab file so that default runlevel specified is 3 instead of 5
Before:
id:5:initdefault:
After:
id:3:initdefault:
_______________
* If you are not sure what the kernel_image should read it is the name in boot options (LILO/GRUB bootloader graphical/text menu), and if there are some descripancy regarding boot prompt - while you see LILO graphical boot promt press Ctrl-X to get to the text boot promp and hit tab key to see available kernel_images
** You need to remount the / partiotion to get read-write access, 'cause single user mode mounts partitions read-only so you won't be able to do any changes unless you remount the partition. /dev/hdXN as specified in /etc/fstab file or it it uses LABEL notations then in /etc/mtab
 
Old 12-02-2002, 11:51 AM   #3
krustwell
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Dec 2002
Location: NC
Distribution: Slackware 8.0, RH 7.2, RH 8.0
Posts: 3

Original Poster
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thanks for the quick reply. as soon as the install ISO for Slackware 8.1 finishes downloading, i'll give your suggestion a try. assuming it works, i'm going to save my data and get rid of RH 8.0. i never did like it anyway.

thanks again!

krust
 
Old 12-02-2002, 01:05 PM   #4
krustwell
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Dec 2002
Location: NC
Distribution: Slackware 8.0, RH 7.2, RH 8.0
Posts: 3

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 0
upon trying your suggestion, i realized there is no "kernel_image" command when using the text-based console in GRUB. there's "kernel", but that just picks which kernel to boot. also, there's no "single" option. i tried doing the same thing with my boot floppy but was unsuccessful.

my only goal is to again have access to my files via command line. as it stands now, i can't even log in. the kernel boots fine until the very end when it hangs. i know if i could change it to boot using "runlevel 3" i'd be ok. however, if i could do that it would mean i have access to my files.

anymore ideas?

thanks,

krust

btw, Slackware is downloaded and i'm tempted to just blow RH away and cut my losses.
 
  


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