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Old 03-08-2005, 04:18 PM   #1
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Installation Directories: Linux vs. windows

I'm currently using windows xp and will migrate over to linux in a matter of days.Why wait so long? Gotta wait for my scsi card so that I can install my scanner because currently its in usb mode and in that mode, my scanner is not supported in linux. Anyway, when installing programs in windows, I'm asked to install in a certain directory. Ex.C:\Program Files\Adobe or C:\Adobe. I usually would choose the latter for some reason. What would be the equivalent format in linux? It's very confusing as to choosing the best install method.
Old 03-08-2005, 04:27 PM   #2
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Linux does not work as Windows does in those matters. When you install a program (tarball), you're able to choose where to install everything, but it's highly recommended that you don't touch the default paths.

Usually, a program will install to /usr directory, but for example, in /usr/local/bin you'll have a lot (or not, it depends) of binaries that you have installed. You don't have a folder per program (like Windows -c:\program files\Adobe-), but "default" folders where the different types of archives go (/usr/bin /usr/lib /usr/share etc etc etc).
So, when you install Adobe Reader, the binary will go to /usr/local/bin, the libs to /usr/libs, and so on for every program you install.

Hope it's clear enough (I think it's just a bit messy -does this word exist??-)

Last edited by Hammett; 03-08-2005 at 04:29 PM.
Old 03-08-2005, 04:36 PM   #3
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IMHO, that answer is too complicated!

Simplified--typical Linux software gets installed in bits and pieces across many folders. Typically, you simply leave the details to your Linux distribution's package manager, and it deals with the nitty gritty details.

In Windows, you're used to dealing with a separate software installation wizard for each and every piece of software you install. In Linux, you instead deal with a single "package manager" which lets you pick and choose many pieces of software to install, if you like. It's sort of like the Add/Remove Windows Components feature of Windows, except that you can use it to install ALL of your software, not just the boring stuff included in Windows.

Typically, you don't go and tediously specify where you want each and every little piece of software--you just select the software package(s) you want and let the package manager deal with the details.


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