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Old 06-24-2004, 01:21 AM   #1
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Unhappy Cannot send mail with mail() command in PHP 4.3.4, Apache 2.0.48, Mandrake Linux 10

Hey Everyone,

I know this has been asked before, but all of the responses give fixes that don't seem to work for me, or are related to routing through Windows servers, or are just to difficult to understand for a newbie like me :-)

I have been using Linux for a couple of weeks now, and am basically setting up a LAMP platform. So far, although it has taken me a while to get here, I have managed to get most things working. I am using Linux Mandrake 10. I have installed "Apache-AdvancedExtranetServer/2.0.48 (Mandrake Linux/5mdk)" (or so it says), PHP 4.3.4, MySQL (not sure what version, how do I check?), and phpMyAdmin etc.

Everything seems to be working now except the mail() command in PHP. Whenever I try to send mail, the function just returns False, and the mail isn't sent. I have looked at the various other posts concerning this, but still can't get it to work.

FYI, I am connected via a LAN to another computer which has a direct connection (ADSL) to the Internet. My Internet is working fine, and so is the Evolution mailer (although I am using IMAP so don't know about POP/SMTP). I have run ps x to see what is running (as suggested elsewhere), and can't see anything about sendmail or postfix in there. I have taken a look at PHP configuration using phpinfo(), and here is what I have found concerning mail:

sendmail_path /usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i /usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i

In case these details help anyone, this is what Apache spits out if I force it to do a 403 error:

Apache-AdvancedExtranetServer/2.0.48 (Mandrake Linux/5mdk) mod_perl/1.99_11 Perl/v5.8.3 mod_ssl/2.0.48 OpenSSL/0.9.7c PHP/4.3.4 Server at video.arknet Port 80

Oh btw, I just now (halfway through writing this) tried:
/usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i
In the console. It started sendmail and the PHP mail() function no longer returned False, however, the mail is still not coming through. I have tried sending to numerous addresses, and none have arrived, so I am guessing it is sending and not receiving that is the problem. Now I have two problems:

1. How do I get the emails to ACTUALLY send instead of just saying they are sent? and...
2. How do I make sendmail always start instead of having to do it manually?

Any help would be greatly appreciated. Just ask for any additional info you might need. Please also remember that I am REALLY new so 'check the log files' doesn't make sense to me :-) How about...go to directory X and open log Y....look for a line that looks like Z...that would be great thanks.

Old 06-24-2004, 02:58 AM   #2
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Location: Potchefstroom, South Africa
Distribution: Fedora 17 - 3.3.4-5.fc17.x86_64
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Haven't played that much with PHP mail() func yet. I am guessing you have some kind of sendmail problem - and sendmail configuration is a whole WORLD on its own.

I have managed to get sendmail going on my local network only, but I am guessing you need it to send out over the Internet?

Anyway, as regards you one question, as to how to get sendmail to start every time your Linux box starts, you can try this (I use RedHat, so it might not work for you). Edit /etc/rc.local and at the very end of the rc.local file, add the sendmail starting command. This file is a script that is run each time Linux starts (or at least RedHat) and so by the time you either log into X or see a Console prompt, it has been run. My rc.local looks like this:

# This script will be executed *after* all the other init scripts.
# You can put your own initialization stuff in here if you don't
# want to do the full Sys V style init stuff.

touch /var/lock/subsys/local
esd &
loadkeys /root/mykeys
/usr/sbin/nmbd -D
/usr/sbin/smbd -D
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql &
/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start

BTW I also use LAMP for active website development.

Hope this helps some!
dhcpd -q
Old 06-27-2004, 04:47 PM   #3
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Hey rylan76,

Thanks for that info, worked well! I now have sendmail running all of the time, so the mail() command 'thinks' it works now (it returns True), but I still have the problem that it doesn't actually seem to send it. Does anyone know how to configure sendmail to get it to work?

Old 06-27-2004, 07:06 PM   #4
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Location: Edmonton AB, Canada
Distribution: Gentoo x86_64; Gentoo PPC; FreeBSD; OS X 10.9.4
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In php.ini:
; For Win32 only.
;sendmail_from =

; For Unix only.  You may supply arguments as well (default: "sendmail -t -i").
sendmail_path = sendmail -t -i
You want "sendmail_from =" commented out when using linux (note the "For Win32 only")

Also, check the address you are using in the "from" argument to the mail() function. Unless your mail server allows relaying, (not good) you will have to use a real address from a user that exists on your system ie:


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