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ImOk 03-23-2006 01:29 PM

Ideal partitioning

I am planning to install Fedora 5 onto a HD with Windows XP.

I alreay have freed space using partitioning software.

The system has 512MB ram

I am thinking of very simple format because this system will not be used by many users:

hda1 NTFS already takes 1/2 the disk
hda2 swap 1024MB
had3 \vfat VFAT 1 GB
hda3 \ LVM the rest

Do I need to have \boot on its own partition?

Is there a need for any more partitions? With Windows I usually reserve 10GB for C: where \Windows and \Program Files applications get installed and the rest is on D:

What would be the equivalent tree structure for Linux?


Gethyn 03-24-2006 08:27 AM

First, Linux uses / not \ to separate directories.

Speaking personally I would avoid LVM because it has caused me trouble in the past. You do not need to put /boot on a separate partition, but it might make things easier if you think you may want to uninstall Fedora at a later date. The easiest setup would be just to use one partition for your whole install. If I was doing the setup (for a desktop as opposed to a server) I would probably partition as follows:

Partition        Type                FS        Mount        Size
/dev/hda1        Primary                NTFS
/dev/hda2        Primary                ext2        /boot        64MB
/dev/hda3        Primary                swap                768MB
(/dev/hda4        extended partition)
/dev/hda5        Extended        ext3        /        8GB
/dev/hda6        Extended        ext3        /home        rest of your drive

To generate this partition layout, I would use the disk management tool in XP (Right click "My Computer"->Manage->Disk Management). Right click on the disk you want (presumably Disk 0) and select new partition. Choose the types (Extended/Primary as above) and set the sizes, but when it prompts don't format or mount the partitions. Then, when you install FC5, if you choose to the option to set the partitions by hand, you should see the partitions you have created, and Fedora will format and mount them for you.

bouchecl 03-24-2006 11:48 AM

I have a dual-boot machine with XP Pro and FC5 and I did my partition much like Gethyn said.

On a 80 GB drive, I have:


/dev/hda1    NTFS    Windows C:\    20 GB
/dev/hda2    ext3    Linux /boot    80 MB
/dev/hda3    FAT32    Windows E:\    30 GB
/dev/hda5    ext3    Linux /        10 GB
/dev/hda6    swap    Linux swap    512 MB
/dev/hda7    ext3    Linux /home    14 GB

I use a LVM (formatted in jfs) on my MythTV server, where I have created a 532 GB partition (from a 250 GB Seagate and a 300 GB Western Digital) for my multimedia files (MPEG-2 and DivX videos, pictures, MP3 music files, etc.).

The LVM and the more 'exotic' file systems (reiser, jfs, xfs) are sometimes better suited for large data partitions and large files than your basic ext3 filesystem. For your basic partition needs , stick to something well proven and tested.

saravkrish 03-24-2006 12:15 PM

Wouldn't suggest using LVM

Don't use LVM if you don't realllly need it. If one of the HDDs go down, you are screwed (because the partition info for the send HDD is store in the first one). You can't access the other partitions in the other HDD. That's what I heard. Someone correct me if I'm wrong.


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