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Old 01-24-2006, 01:23 PM   #1
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Create swap partition after install

Hi everyone,

When I installed FC4 I did not assign a swap partition because I have 1.5GB memory and did not think I needed it. It is running just a tad slow so I was wondering if I can create a post install swap partition. I generally use Partition Commander which has worked well for me.

Will I cause any damage to the existing partitions?

Thanks for any help

Old 01-24-2006, 02:09 PM   #2
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well don't create swap unless you KNOW you need to... i.e. your "free" output has none, or very very little free memory. by this though, it's mainly the size of the "cache" free you have, as linux will naturally use all physical ram for cache sooner or later to get the best performance. if you still have plenty of totally free memory (third number onthe first row of numbers) then there's no point adding a swap.

BUT if you do want to add one, i'd suggest using somethign like resize2fs to shrink a partition and add it in. I'd suggest trying to make the space as far back in the drive as possible as things like grub may be referencing a /boot partition quite far back too, depending on where you personally placed it. IF you can shrink the end one and tg it at teh very back, even better. This shouldn't be too much of a problem though as FC4 loves using ext2 fs labels in /etc/fstab meaning rahter than referencing a partition by it's location, it looks on all partitions on all devices for a certain name. meaning if it's partition id changes (e.g. hda6 becomes hda7) then it probably won't care anyway. So once you have free space, create a partition with fdisk then format it with "mkswap /dev/hda{b]X[/b]" then just use swapon to load it. if it loads fine, stick an entry in /ets/fstab to permanntly mount it on boot.
Old 01-24-2006, 04:46 PM   #3
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Thank you for the reply. I have never run out of memory (checked it often while doing some heavy duty stuff.) So, I think I will stay with what I have for right now. I just felt Gnome was setting up rather slow, but it probably has nothing to do with memory. Besides, I am upgrading my machine to 2GB this weekend.

Greatful for the help.

Old 01-26-2006, 10:18 AM   #4
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If you need a guideline for creat swap partition, have writen a tutorial. I haven't remembered which section say this acticle. But I sure it has guide for you

If you don't understand what I said, forget this post ^_^
Old 01-26-2006, 11:25 AM   #5
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You can create a swap partition using the free space on your hard drive (if you have any). You can use fdisk or cfdisk to create the partition and use mkswap to format the partition as swap. To use it immediately you would use the swapon command. You can put an entry for it in /etc/fstab so that its recognised at boot up. You entry would be something like the one below,
/dev/hda5     swap     swap    defaults    0 0
Old 01-31-2006, 11:31 AM   #6
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you can also creat a swap device using a file, and then delete it when you find it useless, see man mkswap output
Old 02-22-2006, 02:24 AM   #7
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mkswap (said by TruongAn) is a tool to create swap file not swap partition . You can use fdisk (for examples) to create swap partition .


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