UbuntuThis forum is for the discussion of Ubuntu Linux.
Welcome to LinuxQuestions.org, a friendly and active Linux Community.
You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. Registration is quick, simple and absolutely free. Join our community today!
Note that registered members see fewer ads, and ContentLink is completely disabled once you log in.
If you have any problems with the registration process or your account login, please contact us. If you need to reset your password, click here.
Having a problem logging in? Please visit this page to clear all LQ-related cookies.
Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide
This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration. This book contains many real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. They hope these examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.
Click Here to receive this Complete Guide absolutely free.
Sure you could do that or if you want to keep your mp3's in your home directory you can mount home on a separate partition. I would recommend keeping home on a separate partition anyway. Makes reinstalls easier
I have a 160 gig hard drive that I split into the following 4 partitions - root (/), /home, swap and /multimedia. You can even go one step further and get a seperate hard drive to mount as /multimedia for more redundancy.
But how did you actually partition it that way, how do you make sure that it mounts and such. Did you have to create the partition at the time of installation or could i still do it. Im only familiar with cfdisk and am curious how to partition it and set it up to work correctly?
Originally posted by jrattner1 But how did you actually partition it that way, how do you make sure that it mounts and such. Did you have to create the partition at the time of installation or could i still do it. Im only familiar with cfdisk and am curious how to partition it and set it up to work correctly?
Well ideally you would do it at install time or if you now have when you cfdisk /dev/hd? you see free space left then you simply have to create a new partition type 83 most likely using up the rest of the space write the changes to disk and reboot just to make sure the new partition will be read. Now you would format it with the file system of your choice and make an entry in the fstab for the mount point and mount it. Now if you have used all your space on the hard drive then you can get a Knoppix CD boot with it and run qtparted to resize your partition(s) to free up some space while you are at it you can tell it what file system you want on the new partition then edit the fstab on your install so when you reboot it will already be there mounted ready for use. If you cannot figure it out can you post the output of fdisk -l as root so we can see what partitions you already have on the drive and your /etc/fstab as it now is.
Originally posted by jrattner1
[B]Thank you for all the help, following below is the output of fdisk -l as root, and /etc/fstab
Note: I dual boot WindowsXP on this laptop.
Disk /dev/hda: 80.0 GB, 80026361856 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 9729 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/hda1 * 1 4093 32874157+ 7 HPFS/NTFS
/dev/hda2 4094 4105 96390 82 Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/hda3 4106 9729 45174780 83 Linux
It is a full disk you need to use the qtparted from the knoppix disk to shrink the /dev/hda3 down in size. Now hopefully you want this partition to be a linux file system otherwise you are screwed and will have to re-install at least I don't think windows will see an extended partition after a couple of primary ones. So assuming you want linux partition when qtparted resizes the / of your install it will either create another primary partition with the space in which case it would be /dev/hda4 that gets created if it creates an extended one then you will see the /dev/hda4 and /dev/hda5 the hda5 will be the one for the new space in this case. You would have to modify the /etc/fstab to have it mount on boot while still in knoppix use these commands in a console windows (the monitor with a shell on it in the taskbar).
sudo mount /dev/hda3 /mnt/hda3
sudo mkdir /mnt/hda3/music
sudo kwrite /mnt/hda3/etc/fstab
Making sure to save the file before you exit kwrite this assumes that the partition that was created was a primary one (hda4) not an extended (hda5) in that case you need to change the file to have the /dev/hda5 and you choose to use an ext3 file system when creating the new partition. Now when you reboot you should have a new partition /music that you can put your files in mounted on boot.
Here is the update, when using qtparted from knoppix it does not allow me the option to resize my root partition. Oddly ever other partition I could resize, but I need to take the space from root. Any ideas on why it wont let me re-size it?
Originally posted by jrattner1 Here is the update, when using qtparted from knoppix it does not allow me the option to resize my root partition. Oddly ever other partition I could resize, but I need to take the space from root. Any ideas on why it wont let me re-size it?
Did you do the mount command I showed you above before the qtparted if so then it will not resize a mounted partition so I would try it again. And do you have any place you can post some screen shots of the program and what it is showing you if it does it again. Also try from the console window sudo qtparted just to make sure it is not a permission issue.
Originally posted by jrattner1
I'm unclear, I'm suppose to boot knoppix, then run qtparted?
This is correct.
Are there any commands I'm suppose to run or anything special I'm suppose to do before running qtparted?
Yes. Make sure your partitions are all unmounted. Back up all your data. The partitions will all appear on your deskop. If they're mounted, they should have a little green dot or some kind of indicator on them. If so, right-click those partitions and unmount them.
The partitions are all unmounted. Oddly The program only gives me the options to &Properties, &Delete or &Set active. I do not have the option to resize the partition. All other partitions besides /dev/hda3 are resizable. Any other ideas?