Grub re-written following update [Kubuntu]
Ok, so I have this Box which I have decided to update to the latest and greatest Ubuntu. So I go through adept (This is the packaged manager when kubuntu-desktop is installed, not synaptic) and I follow the instructions as it goes along, no errors are returned, a couple of things were discontinued, etc. , but all in all everything went smooth. I open up a terminal and type "sudo shutdown -r now" hoping to be greeted in a couple of minutes by a shiny new desktop. No. The grub menu was destroyed. All that displayed were the Ubuntu 7.10 memtest and Windows XP (I'm on a dual boot, but really never use anything but Linux). What I think happened was that the updater took out the Ubuntu 7.10 entries (Why not? You wouldn't need them once 8.04 was on there.), but somehow forgot to put in the new 8.04 entries.
Now, I'm not an idiot. I went straight to /boot/menu.lst (from a live cd) and attempted to manually create an entry towards the correct kernel. But when I opened the file browser (konquerer in this case) and tried to find the kernel images (so I know where to direct the grub entry to) they weren't even there. So, I copied the files from /boot on the Ubuntu 8.04 live cd I was booted into, thinking "It's the same kernel anyway." Then I attempted to write in the grub entry. Seemed okay. Rebooted. Grub entry was there. Pressed Enter.
Kernel panic. Uh-oh, what have I done now? I re-booted into the live cd, and immediately opened a terminal emulator and typed "sudo grub" At the grub shell, I put "root (hd0,4)" which was of course appropriate for my partition, and "setup (hd0)" But in my heart I knew that I was doomed to fail since the config file that I was using was still not right. Of course it did fail, and I tried another plan.
I checked the web and found this http://boff.wordpress.com/2007/01/17...rub-boot-menu/ and, in accordance, added a couple of lines like initrd and such, which I had neglected to put in before. Kernel stays active now, but X won't start. No idea why, but I'm assuming that I have to put another couple of arguments to grub to get it to detect my display right.
The question is first, has anyone else experienced something similar? Why didn't the updater re-write menu.lst properly? How can it be fixed without re-installing the OS and losing my configuration files and programs? And that, given the above, what would you recommend in order to get that shiny new desktop I so long for?
Posting the results of 'fdisk -l' would be helpful. Also, indicate which partitions contain 8.04 and 7.10. I assume you chose the default on the new install of putting bootloader in mbr? Are you now able to access the menu.lst? from 8.4 or 7.10?
Here's how the disk is partitioned (the output of fdisk -l):
Disk /dev/sda: 80.0 GB, 80026361856 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 9729 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x3972cd75
Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 1 4972 39937558+ 7 HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sda2 4973 9704 38009790 5 Extended
/dev/sda5 * 4973 5649 5437971 83 Linux
/dev/sda6 5650 5906 2064321 82 Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/sda7 5907 9704 30507403+ b W95 FAT32
And the uncommented lines of menu.lst:
title Kubuntu 8.04
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-16-generic root=/dev/sda5 ro quiet
title Other operating systems:
title Microsoft Windows XP Professional Edition
I am accessing all of these files from the installed OS, which, as can be seen from menu.lst, is running the 8.04 kernel. I did choose the default for the attempted re-installation of GRUB. It may be worth noting that many other things (like the network) have also failed in addition to X, so to get these files off of the hard drive I have to use a live CD, for which I am using Ubuntu 8.04.
Thanks for the input. Any help is appreciated.
I noticed in your post of the results of 'fdisk -l' command you have the (*) active set for sda1 and sda5 and I don't think you can have two active partitions or an active logical on the same drive. Not sure that has anything to do with your problem though.
You seem to only have one Linux installed on, sda5, so you have installed 8.04 over 7.10. Was that your intention? Are you able to boot xp?
My intention was to have a working update. On the update, grub was re-written, and I cannot get X to start because grub did not load the modules, but I don't know what to put into grub to make it.
Sure I can boot XP, but it's utterly horrible. Doesn't really help with the problem.
And if I had this successfully solved, I wouldn't have asked the question.
The menu list looks correct, where does it stop, you keep mentioning X. If it starts to load files of Ubuntu then quits grub has done its job. Tell us do you get a blank screen after selecting Ubuntu or do you get a grub prompt or do some files load then quit? Are there any error messages?
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