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Old 01-22-2003, 08:51 PM   #1
mike3411
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Question newb install issues


i'm installing linux (slackware) for the first time. i'm reasonably knowledgable about computers, but a complete newbie when it comes to linux. i'm installin on a dell inspiron 2100 laptop. i booted off a burned image, and went through the install (partitioning, formatting, copying files, etc.) fine as far as i can tell, and selected pretty much the defaults & followed recommendations of sites like tldp.org. I'm attempting to dual-boot with an existing WinXP install, and thus installed LILO which appears to work fine (after installation completed i have been able to select & boot WinXP fine). However, after having just completed the install, the system refuses to boot into linux. It goes through what i'd call startup procedures for lack of a better term, but craps out and i'm left with a "init-2.05a#" prompt, but commands such as fdisk are not found. I can see & browse the directories (bin, boot, dev, etc, home, lib, mnt, opt, proc, root, sbin, tmp, usr, var) but I have no idea where anything is or what I would want to look for. Most of the startup procedure seems fine, and I really dont know what most of it means, so I'd appreciate some help w/ analyzing the problem. Here is what I have on my screen, with much of the earlier text removed since it doesnt appear to be relevent (correct me if I'm wrong) and I don't want to type several pages of text
LVM versions 1.0.1-rc4(ish)(03/10/2001)
NET4: Linux TCP/IP 1.0 for NET4.0
IP Protocols: ICMP, UDP, TCP
IP: routing cache hash table of 512 buckets, 4Kbytes
TCP: Hash tables configured (established 8192 bind 8192)
NET4: Unix domain sockets 1.0/SMP for Linux NET4.0
FAT: bogus logical sector size 5632
UMSDOS: msdos_read_super failed, mount aborted.
FAT: bogus logical sector size 5632
FAT: bogus logical sector size 5632
reiserfs: checking transaction log (device 03:02) ...
Warning, log replay starting on readonly filesystem
reiserfs: replayed 43 transactions in 2 seconds
Using r5 hash to sort names
ReiserFS version 3.6.25
VFS: Mounted root (reiserfs filesystem) readonly.
Freeing unused kernel memory: 228k freed
init-2.05a#

so, the "bogus logical sector" stuff is one thing i'd guess as the problem, but I don't have any FAT partitions, only NTFS, Linux ReiserFS, and Linux swap. also, I can't find the 5632 logical sector number anywhere, each of my partitions is well over 1E6 sectors. it seems odd to me that the root would be mounted readonly, but i have no idea if it's wrong, or how to mess with this setting. the only thing that happened during install that was atypical was when i was asked if i wanted to change my password, and said yes, it had a command not found error, and i had to select "no" to continue installation.

any help would be much appreciated!
-Mike

Last edited by mike3411; 01-22-2003 at 09:16 PM.
 
Old 01-22-2003, 09:05 PM   #2
leeman_s
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I'm installing it tomorrow.

Can I ask if you booted from the CD-ROM or from floppies?

Did you use a boot disk and/or root disk?

**Could you explain the process for deleting / making partitions on your second hard drive? (I am also going to be dual booting). Also, could you explain the LILO process (getting the dual boot to work)?**
 
Old 01-22-2003, 09:15 PM   #3
mike3411
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"i booted off a burned image"

no boot/root disk besides the CD

I don't have two hard drives, I have one 18gb drive that I partitioned as follows:
10gb - NTFS (original XP install)
1000mb - Linux "/ " , and set as my boot partition
2200mb - Linux /usr
4000mb - Linux /home
800mb - Linux swap

the LILO process was very simple, I just selected defaults/automatic configuration and it worked fine
 
Old 01-22-2003, 09:19 PM   #4
leeman_s
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1) Did you use fdisk or cfdisk?

2) What partitions should I make? And how do I make sure I don't accidentally delete partitions from my first hard drive (hda)? Is the fdisk / cfdisk program easy to use?
 
Old 01-22-2003, 09:24 PM   #5
mike3411
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cfdisk, partitions similar to mine, by not selecting them and hitting delete, and yes, they both are, cfdisk particularly.
check out http://www.ibiblio.org/pub/Linux/doc...ion-HOWTO.html for a good getting started guide, although i'm unable to boot into linux so......
 
Old 01-24-2003, 11:29 AM   #6
mike3411
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so.... can anyone actually help me?? i've no idea what to do.....
help! please!
 
Old 01-25-2003, 03:36 PM   #7
Martin37
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First have a look at this page, the paragraph about using Lilo,
http://www.slackware.com/book/index....rce=x1776.html
Your Linux partition might be out of reach for Lilo. Then 800Mb of swap seem excessive even 80Mb would be ok with , let's say 256Mb of RAM......(There is a previous post on this forum commenting about swap size)Then if you change the geometry of your partitions you can try selecting the expert mode for the installation of the packages, that way you can choose only what you need , you don't need to duplicate bash with bash1 and tchsh for example and you dont need to install E2fsprogs and umsprogs if you are using Reiserfs...(intuition and judgment.....the obligatory packages are indicated anyway....)
Then if the installation is ok you will have to configurate X with xf86config and the first time you might have to try 2 or 3 times before getting something that works.... This remark is good for the setup of Slackware....(when I switched from Mandrake to Slack I had to go at least 5 times through the installation process only to get familiar with it...)
You can choose to install Lilo to a floppy in /dev/fd0 and that would be a safe choice too until you are (not) completely satisfied with your installation.........
 
Old 01-25-2003, 05:51 PM   #8
docGonzo2000
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Regarding booting into linux:

Try grub. It's the GRand Unified Bootloader. Lilo tends to have problems with hard drives larger than a couple of gigs.

Just go here: http://www.linuxjournal.com/article.php?sid=4622

This is an article that'll tell you all about grub. There should be a link to the grub homepage, and there you'll find a section about downloading grub. When you get there, go to the link for the alpha versions, and download the latest version. Make sure it's the largest file there... It's grub-0.93-i386-pc.tar.gz

Unpack it and compile it. Then follow the tutorial on the linuxjournal article in the link I gave. This worked for me, and I chainload grub with Boot Magic from powerquest. I assume you could always just install grub to the MBR, but if you're at all squeemish about that, try Boot Magic.

Just boot from the floppy that the Slackware install program makes until you get grub working.

Cheers, and good luck.
Brian
 
  


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