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Old 04-27-2005, 02:35 PM   #1
cqmyg5
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Registered: Apr 2005
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How to write a bash script to replace all "KH" to "K" in file ABC???


Hello,

I want to write a simple script to replace all "KH" to "K" in file "ABC", could you give me some advice to realize these steps:

(1) first ask for a file name, e.g. "ABC"
(2) replace all "KH" to "K"
(3) repalce all "GG" to "G"
 
Old 04-27-2005, 02:49 PM   #2
gbonvehi
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My advice would be to look for sed man pages. Also here: http://www.tldp.org/LDP/abs/html/
A simple line to replace text using sed would be: sed -i 's/this/tothis/' file
Now ask for input: read variablename
So basically your script would look like:
Code:
#!/bin/sh
echo "Enter filename: "
read filetowork
sed -i 's/KH/K/g' $filetowork
sed -i 's/GG/G/g' $filetowork
This should work but it's untested, test it in safe place first.

The first line is important since it tells which script to use to execute it, also remember to make the script executable with chmod +x, otherwise you should type: sh yourscript.sh

Last edited by gbonvehi; 04-27-2005 at 03:35 PM.
 
Old 04-27-2005, 02:56 PM   #3
mschutte
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Code for the GNU Bourne Again Shell, aka bash:
Code:
#!/usr/bin/env bash

read -p 'Enter the file name: '		# Stores filename in $REPLY
sed -i 's/KH/K/g;s/GG/G/g' $REPLY	# Does the replacement
'sed' is the Stream EDitor. It takes a little 'script' and applies it onto one or more files. Read the sed script s/KH/K/g:
Replace (s = substitute) every occurrence of KH with K, globally (g).
Globally means: 'KH' may occur more than once a line; if it is omitted, only the first match is replaced. Commands to sed can by seperated by ';', like you can see in my example.

Hope I could help,
mschutte
 
Old 04-27-2005, 03:55 PM   #4
ahh
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Registered: May 2004
Location: UK
Distribution: Gentoo
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Maybe not as simple as you wanted, but there's nothing on tv and I got a bit carried away

Code:
#!/bin/bash

user_input() {
	echo "Please enter the file name including the path"
	echo "Or leave blank to quit"
	echo "Then press ENTER"
	read file
	case $file in
		"") exit 0 ;;
		*) [ -f "$file" ] && change_file || (echo ; echo "The file "$file" doesn't exist"; user_input) ;;
	esac
	}

change_file() {
	newfile=$file"_new"
	cat "$file" | sed -e 's/KH/K/g' -e 's/GG/G/g' > "$newfile"
	case $? in
		0) echo
		echo "Done"
		echo "The changed file can be found at "$newfile
		echo "Do you want to replace the original file with the new file?"
		echo "Y or N"
		read answer
		case $answer in
			Y) i=
			while [ -f "$file.bak$i" ]; do
				let i=i+1
			done
			mv -f "$file" "$file.bak$i"
			mv -f "$newfile" "$file"
			echo
			echo "File replaced"
			echo ;;
			*) echo
			echo "File not replaced"
			echo ;;
		esac ;;
		*) echo "An unspecified error occured"
		echo "See, Linux can be just like Windows!" ;;
	esac
	user_input
	}

user_input
 
Old 07-24-2007, 10:00 AM   #5
gloriant
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Registered: Sep 2004
Distribution: Debian{Woody,Sarge,Etch}, UbuntuLTS6.06, SuSE{6.2,8.0}
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just for completeness, one does not need to invoke sed (o so powerful, but with quit a confusing capacity). As long as you're using bash anyway, you can search/replace in bash too.
Code:
#!/bin/bash
origvar="This is the original string";
replvar=${origvar//original/changed};
replvar=${replvar//string/result.};
echo "replvar==\"${replvar}\".";
echo "this should now state \"This is the changed result.\".";
The // indication prior to the search-pattern, cause a global replace. If you only use ${var/searchstr/replacestr}, only the first occurrence of searchstr in $var will be replaced by replacestr.
 
  


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