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Old 11-11-2013, 09:52 PM   #1
slack_
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Can't configure AwesomeWM


Hello, I've recently installed awesome window manager on my new Slackware distro. I've been really enjoying the controls but I've had no luck thus far customizing it. I've read the awesome wiki, but I can't seem to get anything to work. For example, when I set my theme:

Code:
beautiful.init("~/.config/awesome/themes/default/theme.lua")
instead of /usr/share/themes/...

When I restart, it gives me an all grey interface with no awesome menu button, and I get all sorts of red error messages on the side of the screen saying things about nil values. Not really sure what to do from here.
 
Old 11-12-2013, 04:52 AM   #2
Drakeo
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seems you may need a java run time environment read this. arch wiki on awesome grey.
 
Old 11-12-2013, 06:27 AM   #3
jon lee
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I compiled and installed gala WM. It, too, had a javascript/json library dependency.
Works well, but it also has very little in the way of configuration.
 
Old 11-12-2013, 07:10 AM   #4
cycojesus
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Lightbulb

Quote:
Originally Posted by slack_ View Post
Hello, I've recently installed awesome window manager on my new Slackware distro. I've been really enjoying the controls but I've had no luck thus far customizing it. I've read the awesome wiki, but I can't seem to get anything to work. For example, when I set my theme:

Code:
beautiful.init("~/.config/awesome/themes/default/theme.lua")
instead of /usr/share/themes/...

When I restart, it gives me an all grey interface with no awesome menu button, and I get all sorts of red error messages on the side of the screen saying things about nil values. Not really sure what to do from here.
awesome doesn't expand ~ itself, use the following construct instead:
Code:
beautiful.init( awful.util.getdir("config") .. "/themes/default/theme.lua" )
or
Code:
beautiful.init( os.getenv("HOME") .. "/.config/awesome/themes/default/theme.lua" )
Drakeo talks about a completly different issue while jon lee talks about a different WM...
 
Old 11-12-2013, 03:34 PM   #5
slack_
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I just tried both of the above solutions cycojesus mentioned, but neither of them worked. I also saw those recommendations in the awesome wiki. No matter what I do it seems that if I edit .config/awesome/rc.lua in any way at all it breaks.

EDIT: I also noticed, that in the Awesome wiki it says to add this line to rc.lua:

Code:
beautiful = require('beautiful')
However, in my actual rc.lua, this is what's there:

Code:
local beautiful = require("beautiful")
And if I change that to just what the wiki recommends, it breaks in the same way.

Last edited by slack_; 11-12-2013 at 03:41 PM.
 
Old 11-13-2013, 12:05 AM   #6
cycojesus
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Can you paste here you full rc.lua?
 
Old 11-13-2013, 12:50 AM   #7
evo2
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Hi,

it may also be helpful if you post the errors reported by awesome. Eg from your ~/.xsession-errors

Evo2.
 
Old 11-13-2013, 10:42 AM   #8
slack_
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Code:
-- Standard awesome library
local gears = require("gears")
local awful = require("awful")
awful.rules = require("awful.rules")
require("awful.autofocus")
-- Widget and layout library
local wibox = require("wibox")
-- Theme handling library
local beautiful = require("beautiful")
-- Notification library
local naughty = require("naughty")
local menubar = require("menubar")

-- {{{ Error handling
-- Check if awesome encountered an error during startup and fell back to
-- another config (This code will only ever execute for the fallback config)
if awesome.startup_errors then
    naughty.notify({ preset = naughty.config.presets.critical,
                     title = "Oops, there were errors during startup!",
                     text = awesome.startup_errors })
end

-- Handle runtime errors after startup
do
    local in_error = false
    awesome.connect_signal("debug::error", function (err)
        -- Make sure we don't go into an endless error loop
        if in_error then return end
        in_error = true

        naughty.notify({ preset = naughty.config.presets.critical,
                         title = "Oops, an error happened!",
                         text = err })
        in_error = false
    end)
end
-- }}}

-- {{{ Variable definitions
-- Themes define colours, icons, and wallpapers
beautiful.init("/usr/share/awesome/themes/default/theme.lua")

-- This is used later as the default terminal and editor to run.
terminal = "xterm"
editor = os.getenv("EDITOR") or "nano"
editor_cmd = terminal .. " -e " .. editor

-- Default modkey.
-- Usually, Mod4 is the key with a logo between Control and Alt.
-- If you do not like this or do not have such a key,
-- I suggest you to remap Mod4 to another key using xmodmap or other tools.
-- However, you can use another modifier like Mod1, but it may interact with others.
modkey = "Mod4"

-- Table of layouts to cover with awful.layout.inc, order matters.
local layouts =
{
    awful.layout.suit.floating,
    awful.layout.suit.tile,
    awful.layout.suit.tile.left,
    awful.layout.suit.tile.bottom,
    awful.layout.suit.tile.top,
    awful.layout.suit.fair,
    awful.layout.suit.fair.horizontal,
    awful.layout.suit.spiral,
    awful.layout.suit.spiral.dwindle,
    awful.layout.suit.max,
    awful.layout.suit.max.fullscreen,
    awful.layout.suit.magnifier
}
-- }}}

-- {{{ Wallpaper
if beautiful.wallpaper then
    for s = 1, screen.count() do
        gears.wallpaper.maximized(beautiful.wallpaper, s, true)
    end
end
-- }}}

-- {{{ Tags
-- Define a tag table which hold all screen tags.
tags = {}
for s = 1, screen.count() do
    -- Each screen has its own tag table.
    tags[s] = awful.tag({ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 }, s, layouts[1])
end
-- }}}

-- {{{ Menu
-- Create a laucher widget and a main menu
myawesomemenu = {
   { "manual", terminal .. " -e man awesome" },
   { "edit config", editor_cmd .. " " .. awesome.conffile },
   { "restart", awesome.restart },
   { "quit", awesome.quit }
}

mymainmenu = awful.menu({ items = { { "awesome", myawesomemenu, beautiful.awesome_icon },
                                    { "open terminal", terminal }
                                  }
                        })

mylauncher = awful.widget.launcher({ image = beautiful.awesome_icon,
                                     menu = mymainmenu })

-- Menubar configuration
menubar.utils.terminal = terminal -- Set the terminal for applications that require it
-- }}}

-- {{{ Wibox
-- Create a textclock widget
mytextclock = awful.widget.textclock()

-- Create a wibox for each screen and add it
mywibox = {}
mypromptbox = {}
mylayoutbox = {}
mytaglist = {}
mytaglist.buttons = awful.util.table.join(
                    awful.button({ }, 1, awful.tag.viewonly),
                    awful.button({ modkey }, 1, awful.client.movetotag),
                    awful.button({ }, 3, awful.tag.viewtoggle),
                    awful.button({ modkey }, 3, awful.client.toggletag),
                    awful.button({ }, 4, function(t) awful.tag.viewnext(awful.tag.getscreen(t)) end),
                    awful.button({ }, 5, function(t) awful.tag.viewprev(awful.tag.getscreen(t)) end)
                    )
mytasklist = {}
mytasklist.buttons = awful.util.table.join(
                     awful.button({ }, 1, function (c)
                                              if c == client.focus then
                                                  c.minimized = true
                                              else
                                                  -- Without this, the following
                                                  -- :isvisible() makes no sense
                                                  c.minimized = false
                                                  if not c:isvisible() then
                                                      awful.tag.viewonly(c:tags()[1])
                                                  end
                                                  -- This will also un-minimize
                                                  -- the client, if needed
                                                  client.focus = c
                                                  c:raise()
                                              end
                                          end),
                     awful.button({ }, 3, function ()
                                              if instance then
                                                  instance:hide()
                                                  instance = nil
                                              else
                                                  instance = awful.menu.clients({ width=250 })
                                              end
                                          end),
                     awful.button({ }, 4, function ()
                                              awful.client.focus.byidx(1)
                                              if client.focus then client.focus:raise() end
                                          end),
                     awful.button({ }, 5, function ()
                                              awful.client.focus.byidx(-1)
                                              if client.focus then client.focus:raise() end
                                          end))

for s = 1, screen.count() do
    -- Create a promptbox for each screen
    mypromptbox[s] = awful.widget.prompt()
    -- Create an imagebox widget which will contains an icon indicating which layout we're using.
    -- We need one layoutbox per screen.
    mylayoutbox[s] = awful.widget.layoutbox(s)
    mylayoutbox[s]:buttons(awful.util.table.join(
                           awful.button({ }, 1, function () awful.layout.inc(layouts, 1) end),
                           awful.button({ }, 3, function () awful.layout.inc(layouts, -1) end),
                           awful.button({ }, 4, function () awful.layout.inc(layouts, 1) end),
                           awful.button({ }, 5, function () awful.layout.inc(layouts, -1) end)))
    -- Create a taglist widget
    mytaglist[s] = awful.widget.taglist(s, awful.widget.taglist.filter.all, mytaglist.buttons)

    -- Create a tasklist widget
    mytasklist[s] = awful.widget.tasklist(s, awful.widget.tasklist.filter.currenttags, mytasklist.buttons)

    -- Create the wibox
    mywibox[s] = awful.wibox({ position = "top", screen = s })

    -- Widgets that are aligned to the left
    local left_layout = wibox.layout.fixed.horizontal()
    left_layout:add(mylauncher)
    left_layout:add(mytaglist[s])
    left_layout:add(mypromptbox[s])

    -- Widgets that are aligned to the right
    local right_layout = wibox.layout.fixed.horizontal()
    if s == 1 then right_layout:add(wibox.widget.systray()) end
    right_layout:add(mytextclock)
    right_layout:add(mylayoutbox[s])

    -- Now bring it all together (with the tasklist in the middle)
    local layout = wibox.layout.align.horizontal()
    layout:set_left(left_layout)
    layout:set_middle(mytasklist[s])
    layout:set_right(right_layout)

    mywibox[s]:set_widget(layout)
end
-- }}}

-- {{{ Mouse bindings
root.buttons(awful.util.table.join(
    awful.button({ }, 3, function () mymainmenu:toggle() end),
    awful.button({ }, 4, awful.tag.viewnext),
    awful.button({ }, 5, awful.tag.viewprev)
))
-- }}}

-- {{{ Key bindings
globalkeys = awful.util.table.join(
    awful.key({ modkey,           }, "Left",   awful.tag.viewprev       ),
    awful.key({ modkey,           }, "Right",  awful.tag.viewnext       ),
    awful.key({ modkey,           }, "Escape", awful.tag.history.restore),

    awful.key({ modkey,           }, "j",
        function ()
            awful.client.focus.byidx( 1)
            if client.focus then client.focus:raise() end
        end),
    awful.key({ modkey,           }, "k",
        function ()
            awful.client.focus.byidx(-1)
            if client.focus then client.focus:raise() end
        end),
    awful.key({ modkey,           }, "w", function () mymainmenu:show() end),

    -- Layout manipulation
    awful.key({ modkey, "Shift"   }, "j", function () awful.client.swap.byidx(  1)    end),
    awful.key({ modkey, "Shift"   }, "k", function () awful.client.swap.byidx( -1)    end),
    awful.key({ modkey, "Control" }, "j", function () awful.screen.focus_relative( 1) end),
    awful.key({ modkey, "Control" }, "k", function () awful.screen.focus_relative(-1) end),
    awful.key({ modkey,           }, "u", awful.client.urgent.jumpto),
    awful.key({ modkey,           }, "Tab",
        function ()
            awful.client.focus.history.previous()
            if client.focus then
                client.focus:raise()
            end
        end),

    -- Standard program
    awful.key({ modkey,           }, "Return", function () awful.util.spawn(terminal) end),
    awful.key({ modkey, "Control" }, "r", awesome.restart),
    awful.key({ modkey, "Shift"   }, "q", awesome.quit),

    awful.key({ modkey,           }, "l",     function () awful.tag.incmwfact( 0.05)    end),
    awful.key({ modkey,           }, "h",     function () awful.tag.incmwfact(-0.05)    end),
    awful.key({ modkey, "Shift"   }, "h",     function () awful.tag.incnmaster( 1)      end),
    awful.key({ modkey, "Shift"   }, "l",     function () awful.tag.incnmaster(-1)      end),
    awful.key({ modkey, "Control" }, "h",     function () awful.tag.incncol( 1)         end),
    awful.key({ modkey, "Control" }, "l",     function () awful.tag.incncol(-1)         end),
    awful.key({ modkey,           }, "space", function () awful.layout.inc(layouts,  1) end),
    awful.key({ modkey, "Shift"   }, "space", function () awful.layout.inc(layouts, -1) end),

    awful.key({ modkey, "Control" }, "n", awful.client.restore),

    -- Prompt
    awful.key({ modkey },            "r",     function () mypromptbox[mouse.screen]:run() end),

    awful.key({ modkey }, "x",
              function ()
                  awful.prompt.run({ prompt = "Run Lua code: " },
                  mypromptbox[mouse.screen].widget,
                  awful.util.eval, nil,
                  awful.util.getdir("cache") .. "/history_eval")
              end),
    -- Menubar
    awful.key({ modkey }, "p", function() menubar.show() end)
)

clientkeys = awful.util.table.join(
    awful.key({ modkey,           }, "f",      function (c) c.fullscreen = not c.fullscreen  end),
    awful.key({ modkey, "Shift"   }, "c",      function (c) c:kill()                         end),
    awful.key({ modkey, "Control" }, "space",  awful.client.floating.toggle                     ),
    awful.key({ modkey, "Control" }, "Return", function (c) c:swap(awful.client.getmaster()) end),
    awful.key({ modkey,           }, "o",      awful.client.movetoscreen                        ),
    awful.key({ modkey,           }, "t",      function (c) c.ontop = not c.ontop            end),
    awful.key({ modkey,           }, "n",
        function (c)
            -- The client currently has the input focus, so it cannot be
            -- minimized, since minimized clients can't have the focus.
            c.minimized = true
        end),
    awful.key({ modkey,           }, "m",
        function (c)
            c.maximized_horizontal = not c.maximized_horizontal
            c.maximized_vertical   = not c.maximized_vertical
        end)
)

-- Bind all key numbers to tags.
-- Be careful: we use keycodes to make it works on any keyboard layout.
-- This should map on the top row of your keyboard, usually 1 to 9.
for i = 1, 9 do
    globalkeys = awful.util.table.join(globalkeys,
        awful.key({ modkey }, "#" .. i + 9,
                  function ()
                        local screen = mouse.screen
                        local tag = awful.tag.gettags(screen)[i]
                        if tag then
                           awful.tag.viewonly(tag)
                        end
                  end),
        awful.key({ modkey, "Control" }, "#" .. i + 9,
                  function ()
                      local screen = mouse.screen
                      local tag = awful.tag.gettags(screen)[i]
                      if tag then
                         awful.tag.viewtoggle(tag)
                      end
                  end),
        awful.key({ modkey, "Shift" }, "#" .. i + 9,
                  function ()
                      local tag = awful.tag.gettags(client.focus.screen)[i]
                      if client.focus and tag then
                          awful.client.movetotag(tag)
                     end
                  end),
        awful.key({ modkey, "Control", "Shift" }, "#" .. i + 9,
                  function ()
                      local tag = awful.tag.gettags(client.focus.screen)[i]
                      if client.focus and tag then
                          awful.client.toggletag(tag)
                      end
                  end))
end

clientbuttons = awful.util.table.join(
    awful.button({ }, 1, function (c) client.focus = c; c:raise() end),
    awful.button({ modkey }, 1, awful.mouse.client.move),
    awful.button({ modkey }, 3, awful.mouse.client.resize))

-- Set keys
root.keys(globalkeys)
-- }}}

-- {{{ Rules
awful.rules.rules = {
    -- All clients will match this rule.
    { rule = { },
      properties = { border_width = beautiful.border_width,
                     border_color = beautiful.border_normal,
                     focus = awful.client.focus.filter,
                     keys = clientkeys,
                     buttons = clientbuttons } },
    { rule = { class = "MPlayer" },
      properties = { floating = true } },
    { rule = { class = "pinentry" },
      properties = { floating = true } },
    { rule = { class = "gimp" },
      properties = { floating = true } },
    -- Set Firefox to always map on tags number 2 of screen 1.
    -- { rule = { class = "Firefox" },
    --   properties = { tag = tags[1][2] } },
}
-- }}}

-- {{{ Signals
-- Signal function to execute when a new client appears.
client.connect_signal("manage", function (c, startup)
    -- Enable sloppy focus
    c:connect_signal("mouse::enter", function(c)
        if awful.layout.get(c.screen) ~= awful.layout.suit.magnifier
            and awful.client.focus.filter(c) then
            client.focus = c
        end
    end)

    if not startup then
        -- Set the windows at the slave,
        -- i.e. put it at the end of others instead of setting it master.
        -- awful.client.setslave(c)

        -- Put windows in a smart way, only if they does not set an initial position.
        if not c.size_hints.user_position and not c.size_hints.program_position then
            awful.placement.no_overlap(c)
            awful.placement.no_offscreen(c)
        end
    end

    local titlebars_enabled = false
    if titlebars_enabled and (c.type == "normal" or c.type == "dialog") then
        -- buttons for the titlebar
        local buttons = awful.util.table.join(
                awful.button({ }, 1, function()
                    client.focus = c
                    c:raise()
                    awful.mouse.client.move(c)
                end),
                awful.button({ }, 3, function()
                    client.focus = c
                    c:raise()
                    awful.mouse.client.resize(c)
                end)
                )

        -- Widgets that are aligned to the left
        local left_layout = wibox.layout.fixed.horizontal()
        left_layout:add(awful.titlebar.widget.iconwidget(c))
        left_layout:buttons(buttons)

        -- Widgets that are aligned to the right
        local right_layout = wibox.layout.fixed.horizontal()
        right_layout:add(awful.titlebar.widget.floatingbutton(c))
        right_layout:add(awful.titlebar.widget.maximizedbutton(c))
        right_layout:add(awful.titlebar.widget.stickybutton(c))
        right_layout:add(awful.titlebar.widget.ontopbutton(c))
        right_layout:add(awful.titlebar.widget.closebutton(c))

        -- The title goes in the middle
        local middle_layout = wibox.layout.flex.horizontal()
        local title = awful.titlebar.widget.titlewidget(c)
        title:set_align("center")
        middle_layout:add(title)
        middle_layout:buttons(buttons)

        -- Now bring it all together
        local layout = wibox.layout.align.horizontal()
        layout:set_left(left_layout)
        layout:set_right(right_layout)
        layout:set_middle(middle_layout)

        awful.titlebar(c):set_widget(layout)
    end
end)

client.connect_signal("focus", function(c) c.border_color = beautiful.border_focus end)
client.connect_signal("unfocus", function(c) c.border_color = beautiful.border_normal end)
-- }}}
Here it is. I'll post the errors, but it's difficult because I can't copy/paste them, and since most errors are on the side of the screen, I can only read parts of the errors. Awesome has a weird way of letting you know something is wrong.

EDIT: Will post errors soon.

Last edited by slack_; 11-13-2013 at 02:39 PM.
 
Old 11-13-2013, 11:26 PM   #9
slack_
Member
 
Registered: Oct 2013
Distribution: Slackware, Arch
Posts: 68

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: Disabled
I don't seem to have an ~/.xsession-errors..
 
Old 11-13-2013, 11:47 PM   #10
evo2
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Registered: Jan 2009
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Distribution: Debian
Posts: 4,821

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Hi,

the errors should be logged somewhere. It's likely system/distro specific and not a slackware user and don't know how you are starting X so I can't suggest where to look.

Another possibility is that it really isn't reporting any errors so .xsession-errors is never created. You could put an explicit write near the top of your rc.lua to make sure it really does output something. Eg
Code:
io.stderr:write("=== Starting Awesome " .. awesome.version .. " (" .. awesome.release ..") ===\r\n" )
Evo2.
 
Old 11-14-2013, 12:15 AM   #11
cycojesus
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Dec 2005
Posts: 29

Rep: Reputation: 2
Your config is the standard one.

Sorry to ask but does ~/.config/awesome/themes/default/theme.lua exists?
Are the rights on ~/.config/awesome/themes/default/theme.lua correct? $(chmod 0644 ~/.config/awesome/themes/default/theme.lua)
what is the output of
Code:
awesome -k
?

Can you post ~/.config/awesome/themes/default/theme.lua too as the error seem to be in that file.
 
Old 11-14-2013, 12:44 AM   #12
slack_
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Distribution: Slackware, Arch
Posts: 68

Original Poster
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Wow, this is actually really embarrassing, but I had forgotten that as soon as I installed awesomewm awhile ago, I incorrectly edited the actual theme.lua, then moved it to /etc/xdg/awesome and forgot that wasn't where the file originated from ::facepalm:: and after messing with rc.lua and then trying to set beautiful.init() back to to the 'default' path, I set it to /etc/xdg/awesome/...

So, I've fixed the problem, and beautiful.init is pointing to my home config file. Thanks for the help everyone.
 
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