Well, I suppose there be a lot of different archive formats out there. The types listed above are the ones most common under Linux as nondistro type archives. There are special ones like pkgtool, and rpm, etc. But whatever the flavor, I would suggest just trying the archive type with the "man" command and see if it brings up any info. For example, "man rpm" will bring info on the RedHat Package Manager. If it is not found then most likely no support for it is installed. You would then need to research who produced the archive to see if Linux support is available.
Just to see what it would produce I googled "Archive" and received 48 million possiblities. No, I did not go through them all. Just the first page.