LinuxQuestions.org
LinuxAnswers - the LQ Linux tutorial section.
Go Back   LinuxQuestions.org > Forums > Linux Forums > Linux - Distributions > Red Hat
User Name
Password
Red Hat This forum is for the discussion of Red Hat Linux.

Notices

Reply
 
Search this Thread
Old 04-23-2009, 06:09 AM   #1
gxgtudor
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Feb 2009
Posts: 6

Rep: Reputation: Disabled
RedHat update from a central server (not directly from RHN)


Hello Experts,

Currently I'm having ~ 800 servers installed with RedHat Linux v.5 and I want to update all of them from a central node inside my network.

The idea is that firstly all the updates have to be installed on a test machine and only if they are compliant with my applications then I'll proceed with the update of each of them (an automatic method).

Can you please tell me how would you approach this problem?

Cheers.
 
Old 04-23-2009, 01:28 PM   #2
lazlow
Senior Member
 
Registered: Jan 2006
Posts: 4,362

Rep: Reputation: 171Reputation: 171
Just setup an in house repo. Disable RH's repo on all but the test machine. You will need to look at the createrepo package.
 
Old 09-11-2009, 03:40 AM   #3
mbohensky
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Sep 2009
Posts: 4

Rep: Reputation: 0
Quote:
Originally Posted by lazlow View Post
Just setup an in house repo. Disable RH's repo on all but the test machine. You will need to look at the createrepo package.

thank you for the first time but I do not quite understand what you mean?

'm still very inexperienced on Redhat how can I exactly do?

thanks
 
Old 09-11-2009, 09:18 AM   #4
lazlow
Senior Member
 
Registered: Jan 2006
Posts: 4,362

Rep: Reputation: 171Reputation: 171
RHEL5 handles its updates via yum.

To shut off a repo you go to it's repo file in /etc/yum.repos.d and edit the line enable=1 to enable=0.

On your central machine (that you will build your local repo) you will need to download all the rpms you will need and place them in a directory.
You will need to install the createrepo package on that machine. On that machine your will need to be running a locally acessable file transfer system (http, ftp, etc). You will run the createrepo package on that directory. On each of the machines you are going to update remotely you will have to build a custom .repo file that points to the local machine that you are storing the rpms.

You can google createrepo howto for more information.
 
Old 09-12-2009, 12:52 AM   #5
mbohensky
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Sep 2009
Posts: 4

Rep: Reputation: 0
Quote:
Originally Posted by lazlow View Post
RHEL5 handles its updates via yum.

To shut off a repo you go to it's repo file in /etc/yum.repos.d and edit the line enable=1 to enable=0.

On your central machine (that you will build your local repo) you will need to download all the rpms you will need and place them in a directory.
You will need to install the createrepo package on that machine. On that machine your will need to be running a locally acessable file transfer system (http, ftp, etc). You will run the createrepo package on that directory. On each of the machines you are going to update remotely you will have to build a custom .repo file that points to the local machine that you are storing the rpms.

You can google createrepo howto for more information.

Thanks erstamls
I will try to sign me going elsewhere again!

thanks again
 
Old 09-14-2009, 12:49 AM   #6
chrism01
Guru
 
Registered: Aug 2004
Location: Sydney
Distribution: Centos 6.5, Centos 5.10
Posts: 16,261

Rep: Reputation: 2028Reputation: 2028Reputation: 2028Reputation: 2028Reputation: 2028Reputation: 2028Reputation: 2028Reputation: 2028Reputation: 2028Reputation: 2028Reputation: 2028
Sounds like a classic situation to use RH Satellite service http://press.redhat.com/2009/09/02/r...ailable-today/ (or see free version known as Spacewalk) http://www.redhat.com/spacewalk/faq.html#compare
 
Old 09-14-2009, 11:54 PM   #7
mbohensky
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Sep 2009
Posts: 4

Rep: Reputation: 0
[QUOTE=chrism01;3681844]Sounds like a classic situation to use RH Satellite service http://press.redhat.com/2009/09/02/r...ailable-today/ (or see free version known as Spacewalk) http://www.redhat.com/spacewalk/faq.html#compare[/QUOTE
thanks

was the time to try!

The community is cool
 
Old 09-19-2009, 01:42 AM   #8
saifkhan123
Member
 
Registered: Apr 2009
Distribution: Red Hat/CentOS
Posts: 108

Rep: Reputation: 19
for setting up local repository

well, you can set up local update server for all of your machines, just see my blog at
http://net-warrior.blogspot.com

this tutorial is for CentOS 5.x, but it can work for you with some changes which u need to sort out.
 
Old 09-19-2009, 03:22 AM   #9
DrLove73
Senior Member
 
Registered: Sep 2009
Location: Srbobran, Serbia
Distribution: CentOS 5.5 i386 & x86_64
Posts: 1,118
Blog Entries: 1

Rep: Reputation: 129Reputation: 129
Quote:
Originally Posted by saifkhan123 View Post
well, you can set up local update server for all of your machines, just see my blog at
http://net-warrior.blogspot.com

this tutorial is for CentOS 5.x, but it can work for you with some changes which u need to sort out.
Your manual is nicely written, but it's too much manual labor. There is "mrepo" package in EPEL repository. Setting it up is very easy.All you need is to setup 2 config files:

/etc/mrepo.conf.d/*.conf (like centos5.conf for all repos at one place like me, or separate files for each group of repositories).
My /etc/mrepo.conf.d/centos5.conf:

Code:
### Name: The Community Enterprise Operating System v5
### URL: http://www.centos.org/

[centos5]
name = CentOS $release ($arch)
release = 5
#arch = i386 x86_64 ia64 ppc s390 s390x alpha
arch = i386
metadata = apt repomd repoview yum

# rsync --list-only rsync://host/ # Command for controling available repo's
# and for inside add next folder and "/" like:
# rsync --list-only rsync://host/linux/ # Command for controling available repo's

### ISO images
#iso = CentOS-5.3-$arch-bin-DVD.iso
#os = http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/$release/os/$arch/CentOS/
os = rsync://ftp.freepark.org/linux/centos/$release/os/$arch/CentOS/

##### Images
###images = mrepo://images/

### Additional repositories
updates = rsync://ftp.freepark.org/linux/centos/$release/updates/$arch/RPMS/
#fasttrack = http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/$release/fasttrack/$arch/RPMS/
centosplus = rsync://ftp.freepark.org/linux/centos/$release/centosplus/$arch/RPMS/
#contrib = rsync://ftp.freepark.org/linux/centos/$release/contrib/$arch/RPMS/
extras = rsync://ftp.freepark.org/linux/centos/$release/extras/$arch/RPMS/
addons = rsync://ftp.freepark.org/linux/centos/$release/addons/$arch/RPMS/

### EPEL repository
epel = rsync://rsync.hrz.tu-chemnitz.de/fedora-epel/$release/$arch/
epel-testing = rsync://rsync.hrz.tu-chemnitz.de/fedora-epel/testing/$release/$arch/

### Virtualmin
virtualmin-universal = http://software.virtualmin.com/gpl/universal/
virtualmin = http://software.virtualmin.com/gpl/rhel/$release/$arch/

### ATrpms repository
##atrpms-stable = http://dl.atrpms.net/el5-$arch/atrpms/stable/
atrpms-stable = rsync://rsync.hrz.tu-chemnitz.de/ftp/pub/linux/ATrpms/el5-$arch/atrpms/stable/
##atrpms-testing = http://dl.atrpms.net/el5-$arch/atrpms/testing/
atrpms-testing = rsync://rsync.hrz.tu-chemnitz.de/ftp/pub/linux/ATrpms/el5-$arch/atrpms/testing/

###### RPMforge repository
rpmforge = rsync://apt.sw.be/pub/freshrpms/pub/dag/redhat/el5/en/$arch/RPMS.dag/
####rpmforge = ftp://apt.sw.be/pub/dag/pub/redhat/el5/en/$arch/RPMS.dag/
####rpmforge = http://apt.sw.be/redhat/el5/en/$arch/RPMS.dag/

### Livna repository
##livna = http://livna-dl.reloumirrors.net/fedora/6/i386/
##livna-devel = http://livna-dl.reloumirrors.net/fedora/development/i386/

### kbsingh-CentOS-Extras
kb-el5-ext-test = http://centos.karan.org/el5/extras/testing/i386/RPMS/
kb-el5-ext = http://centos.karan.org/el5/extras/stable/i386/RPMS/

### kbsingh-CentOS-Misc
kb-el5-misc-test = http://centos.karan.org/el5/misc/testing/i386/RPMS/
kb-el5-ext = http://centos.karan.org/el5/misc/stable/i386/RPMS/

### OpenVZ repositories
##ovzkernel = http://download.openvz.org/kernel/rhel5/
##ovztemplate = http://download.openvz.org/template/
##ovzutils = http://download.openvz.org/utils/

### PostgreSQL repository
##postgresql = ftp://ftp.fr.postgresql.org/binary/v8.1.4/linux/rpms/redhat/rhel-as-$release-$arch/

#### Custom repository for your own RPM packages
# My compiled rpm's
custom =
Second file is my /etc/mrepo.conf (with (almost) all possible settings):

Code:
### Configuration file for mrepo

### The [main] section allows to override mrepo's default settings
### Main section defines paths, commands
### and what metadata to generate
### The mrepo-example.conf gives an overview of all the possible settings
### These options show you the hardcoded defaults
### You can leave them out if this is what you want

[main]
srcdir = /var/mrepo
wwwdir = /var/www/mrepo
# or:
#wwwdir = /home/plnet/domains/centos.<your-domain>/public_html/mrepo
confdir = /etc/mrepo.conf.d
arch = i386  # I only use i386, add yours

mailto = office@<your-domain>
smtp-server = localhost # Or your SMTP gateway

#rhnlogin = username:password

### Any other section is considered a definition for a distribution
### You can put distribution sections in /etc/mrepo.conf.d/
### Examples can be found in the documentation at:
###     /usr/share/doc/mrepo-0.8.4/dists/.

#hardlink = yes
#shareiso = no

rsync-timeout = 3600

rsync-bandwidth-limit = 400
#rsync-bandwidth-limit = 125
#rsync-bandwidth-limit = 32


## Default architecture is i386
#arch = i386

## The location of the example .shtml files
#htmldir = /usr/share/mrepo/html

## The location of the ISO images and RPM files
#srcdir = /var/mrepo

## The location of the generated repositories
#wwwdir = /var/www/mrepo

## The location of the dist config files
#confdir = /etc/mrepo.conf.d

## The location of the cachedir (used by yum)
#cachedir = /var/cache/mrepo

## The location of the lockdir
#lockdir = /var/cache/mrepo

## The location of the (latest) pxelinux bootcode
#pxelinux = /usr/lib/syslinux/pxelinux.0

## The location of the Yam TFTP files
#tftpdir = /tftpboot/mrepo

## The location of the logfile
logfile = /var/log/mrepo.log

## The location of the different executables
#createrepocmd = /usr/bin/createrepo
#genbasedircmd = /usr/bin/genbasedir
#hardlinkcmd = /usr/sbin/hardlink
#hardlinkpluscmd = /usr/bin/hardlink++
#lftpcmd = /usr/bin/lftp
#mirrordircmd = /usr/bin/mirrordir
#mountcmd = /bin/mount
#repoviewcmd = /usr/bin/repoview
#rhngetcmd = /usr/bin/rhnget
#rsynccmd = /usr/bin/rsync
#umountcmd = /bin/umount
#yumarchcmd = /usr/bin/yum-arch

## What repository metadata do you want to generate ?
#metadata = apt repomd yum
#metadata = repomd

## Your username and password for RHN channel subscriptions
#rhnlogin = username:password
#rhnlogin =

## Specify the required proxy settings
#no_proxy = localhost,mrepo,webserver
#ftp_proxy = http://10.1.2.3:8080
#http_proxy = http://10.1.2.3:8080
#https_proxy = http://10.1.2.3:8080
#no_proxy =
#ftp_proxy =
#http_proxy =
#https_proxy =

## You can have mrepo send out report mails
# mailto = user@domain.com user2@domain2.com
#mailto = 
#mailfrom = mrepo@hostname
#smtp-server = localhost

## Default output (put this to yes if you want mrepo to be silent by default)
#quiet = no

## Hardlink files in the srcdir before ending Yam
#hardlink = no

## Do you want to share the ISO files in wwwdir ?
#shareiso = yes

## Limit the bandwidth used by lftp (in B/secs)
lftp-bandwidth-limit = 170000

## Clean up packages that are not on the sending side ?
lftp-cleanup = yes

## Exclude debuginfo or source packages ?
#lftp-exclude-debug = yes
#lftp-exclude-srpm = yes

## Add extra options to lftp (eg. -d for debugging lftp)
#lftp-options = -d 

## Add extra commands to lftp (eg. set dns:fatal-timeout 5)
#lftp-commands =

## Add extra options to lftp mirror command
#lftp-mirror-options = -c -P -e --delete-first

## Set the I/O timeout in seconds
lftp-timeout = 3600 

## Clean up packages that are not on the sending side ?
#mirrordir-cleanup = yes

## Exclude debuginfo or source packages ?
#mirrordir-exclude-debug = yes
#mirrordir-exclude-srpm = yes

## Add extra options to mirrordir
#mirrordir-options = 

## Set RHN login username:password
#rhnlogin =

## Add extra options to rhnget
#rhnget-options =

## Clean up packages that are not on the sending side ?
#rhnget-cleanup = yes

## Download older versions of a certain package ?
#rhnget-download-all = no

## Limit the bandwidth used by rsync in kilobytes per seconds
#rsync-bandwidth-limit = 

## Clean up packages that are not on the sending side ?
#rsync-cleanup = yes

## Exclude debuginfo or source packages ?
#rsync-exclude-debug = yes
#rsync-exclude-srpm = yes

## Add extra options to rsync
#rsync-options = -rtHL --partial

## Set the I/O timeout in seconds
#rsync-timeout = 

## Add extra options to createrepo
#createrepo-options = -p

## Add extra options to repoview
#repoview-options =
To run mrepo daily, delete coment from line in /etc/cron.d/mrepo (I think it exists), or create your own crone job.

You also have to make a softlilnk in your website's folder to /var/www/mrepo folder (if you chosen to not change wwwdir) and I also created softlink in srcdir to folder on external partition because my repo's are around 20 GB of files.

All you now need is *.repo file for clients. My "/etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-PLC-mrepo.repo" looks like this:

Code:
[PLC-os]
name=Spec CentOS 5 - os - $releasever - $basearch 
baseurl=http://centos.<your-domain>/mrepo/centos5-i386/RPMS.os/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1

[PLC-updates]
name=Spec CentOS 5 - updates - $releasever - $basearch 
baseurl=http://centos.<your-domain>/mrepo/centos5-i386/RPMS.updates/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1

[PLC-extras]
name=Spec CentOS 5 - extras - $releasever - $basearch 
baseurl=http://centos.<your-domain>/mrepo/centos5-i386/RPMS.extras/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1

[PLC-centosplus]
name=Spec CentOS 5 - centosplus - $releasever - $basearch 
baseurl=http://centos.<your-domain>/mrepo/centos5-i386/RPMS.centosplus/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1

[PLC-rpmforge]
name=Spec CentOS 5 - rpmforge - $releasever - $basearch 
baseurl=http://centos.<your-domain>/mrepo/centos5-i386/RPMS.rpmforge/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=0

[PLC-atrpms-stable]
name=Spec CentOS 5 - atrpms-stable - $releasever - $basearch 
baseurl=http://centos.<your-domain>/mrepo/centos5-i386/RPMS.atrpms-stable/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1

[atrpms-testing]
name=Spec CentOS 5 - atrpms-testing - $releasever - $basearch 
baseurl=http://dl.atrpms.net/el5-i386/atrpms/testing/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=0

[PLC-custom]
name=Spec CentOS 5 - custom - $releasever - $basearch 
baseurl=http://centos.<your-domain>/mrepo/centos5-i386/RPMS.custom/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=0

[PLC-virtualmin]
name=Spec CentOS 5 - virtualmin - $releasever - $basearch 
baseurl=http://centos.<your-domain>/mrepo/centos5-i386/RPMS.virtualmin/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=0

[PLC-virtualmin-universal]
name=Spec CentOS 5 - virtualmin-universal - $releasever - $basearch 
baseurl=http://centos.<your-domain>/mrepo/centos5-i386/RPMS.virtualmin-universal/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=0

[PLC-kb-el5-ext-test]
name=Spec CentOS 5 - kb-el5-ext-test - $releasever - $basearch 
baseurl=http://centos.<your-domain>/mrepo/centos5-i386/RPMS.kb-el5-ext-test/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=0

[PLC-kb-el5-misc-test]
name=Spec CentOS 5 - kb-el5-misc-test - $releasever - $basearch 
baseurl=http://centos.<your-domain>/mrepo/centos5-i386/RPMS.kb-el5-misc-test/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=0

[PLC-epel]
name=Spec CentOS 5 - epel - $releasever - $basearch 
baseurl=http://centos.<your-domain>/mrepo/centos5-i386/RPMS.epel/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1

[PLC-epel-testing]
name=Spec CentOS 5 - epel-testing - $releasever - $basearch 
baseurl=http://centos.<your-domain>/mrepo/centos5-i386/RPMS.epel-testing/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=0

[pidgin]
name=Pidgin for RHEL/CentOS $releasever - $basearch
baseurl=http://rpm.pidgin.im/centos/$releasever/$basearch/
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://rpm.pidgin.im/RPM-GPG-KEY-pidgin

[adobe-linux-i386]
name=Adobe Systems Incorporated
baseurl=http://linuxdownload.adobe.com/linux/i386/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-adobe-linux
And that should be it. use "mrepo -uvvv" to download all files to srcdir, "mrepo -gvvv" if you add your own rpm's in "custom" folder, or "mrepo -ugvvv" to both download new files and recreate mrepo links and generate required repo files.

Last edited by DrLove73; 09-19-2009 at 03:50 AM.
 
Old 08-13-2014, 04:18 AM   #10
jithinsha
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: May 2013
Location: Kochi (Cochin), Kerala, India
Distribution: Redhat, CentOS, Ubuntu, OpenSuSE, Boss
Posts: 11

Rep: Reputation: Disabled
Offline Redhat Repository Creation

Hi all,

Its right that you can use rsync protocol and download updates from servers which allow the same protocol. Since rsync is allowed, we are able to use the same in CentOS. But is the same available for RedHat repositories.

Currently am using yumdownloader to download all the packages from Redhat and then creating the offline repository. Yumdownloader has resume capability compared to yumdownloadonly plugin.

Please let me know if any new method is there for RedHat.
 
Old 08-13-2014, 09:06 AM   #11
TB0ne
Guru
 
Registered: Jul 2003
Location: Birmingham, Alabama
Distribution: SuSE, RedHat, Slack,CentOS
Posts: 14,419

Rep: Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532
Quote:
Originally Posted by jithinsha View Post
Hi all,

Its right that you can use rsync protocol and download updates from servers which allow the same protocol. Since rsync is allowed, we are able to use the same in CentOS. But is the same available for RedHat repositories.

Currently am using yumdownloader to download all the packages from Redhat and then creating the offline repository. Yumdownloader has resume capability compared to yumdownloadonly plugin.

Please let me know if any new method is there for RedHat.
This thread had been closed for FIVE YEARS...as said above, either create your own repository, or (since you're using Red Hat Enterprise, and PAYING FOR IT, right???), you can load the Red Hat satellite system.
 
Old 08-13-2014, 12:07 PM   #12
jithinsha
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: May 2013
Location: Kochi (Cochin), Kerala, India
Distribution: Redhat, CentOS, Ubuntu, OpenSuSE, Boss
Posts: 11

Rep: Reputation: Disabled
Thumbs up Offline Redhat Repository

Quote:
Originally Posted by TB0ne View Post
This thread had been closed for FIVE YEARS...as said above, either create your own repository, or (since you're using Red Hat Enterprise, and PAYING FOR IT, right???), you can load the Red Hat satellite system.
Yes, i saw that the post is closed. Just commented so that i can get response. Yes, am paying and hence am able to download from Redhat.

Thanks for the info...

I have opened a new post......

http://www.linuxquestions.org/questi...70#post5220370
 
Old 08-13-2014, 02:47 PM   #13
TB0ne
Guru
 
Registered: Jul 2003
Location: Birmingham, Alabama
Distribution: SuSE, RedHat, Slack,CentOS
Posts: 14,419

Rep: Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532Reputation: 2532
Quote:
Originally Posted by jithinsha View Post
Yes, i saw that the post is closed. Just commented so that i can get response. Yes, am paying and hence am able to download from Redhat.

Thanks for the info...I have opened a new post......

http://www.linuxquestions.org/questi...70#post5220370
Read the LQ Rules...you re-opened an old thread, (essentially) hijacked it, and then double-posted. None of these are good things. Don't post the same question multiple times.
 
  


Reply


Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is Off
HTML code is Off


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
RHN update ust Linux - Software 3 10-03-2007 06:21 AM
Rhn Vs. yum update juanb Linux - General 5 09-01-2004 02:07 AM
Redhat 9 RHN Kernel Update - Delete Old One junpit Red Hat 6 08-29-2003 04:04 PM
RHN Update jt1020 Linux - General 2 06-04-2003 01:44 PM
RHN Kernal Update mawarsha Linux - Newbie 2 02-02-2003 03:57 PM


All times are GMT -5. The time now is 12:45 AM.

Main Menu
My LQ
Write for LQ
LinuxQuestions.org is looking for people interested in writing Editorials, Articles, Reviews, and more. If you'd like to contribute content, let us know.
Main Menu
Syndicate
RSS1  Latest Threads
RSS1  LQ News
Twitter: @linuxquestions
identi.ca: @linuxquestions
Facebook: linuxquestions Google+: linuxquestions
Open Source Consulting | Domain Registration