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Old 11-19-2004, 07:23 AM   #1
wizard7423
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Switch from X to console [solved]


Hi at all,

i need to know a command to switch from X to a console. I need something with the same effect of: "Ctrl+Alt+F#" (with #=1,2,....,n); but as i need to put this command into a bash script file, it must be an istruction not a sequence of keystroke.
Thanks at all in advance.
Wizard

Last edited by wizard7423; 12-29-2004 at 07:57 AM.
 
Old 11-19-2004, 09:00 AM   #2
meblost
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If you want to stop X, you can do service dm stop, or if that is not available, init 3. I'm not sure what effect, if any it will have to put these in a script.
 
Old 12-26-2004, 07:53 AM   #3
wizard7423
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hi, and thanks for your answer...but i don't need to stop X server. I wish switch from x to a console (outside x) with a command, and not with the usual Ctrl+Alt+F#.

Thanks anyway.
wizard
 
Old 12-28-2004, 06:45 AM   #4
deveraux83
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Ctrl+Alt+F#(1-6)

some kernels/distros disable certain terminals, such as slackware and only the 6th terminal is available for use. Hope this helps
 
Old 12-28-2004, 09:59 AM   #5
meblost
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Quote:
Originally posted by wizard7423
I wish switch from x to a console (outside x) with a command, and not with the usual Ctrl+Alt+F#.
 
Old 12-28-2004, 10:20 AM   #6
deveraux83
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Quote:
Originally posted by meblost
I wish switch from x to a console (outside x) with a command, and not with the usual Ctrl+Alt+F#.
DUH! I really should stop and read carefully before blabbering my mouth!
 
Old 12-28-2004, 10:22 AM   #7
wizard7423
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Quote:
Originally posted by deveraux83
Ctrl+Alt+F#(1-6)

some kernels/distros disable certain terminals, such as slackware and only the 6th terminal is available for use. Hope this helps
Of course...thanks for your post. Anyway i know this feature, but i'm looking for a "command" that has the same effect of Ctrl+Alt+F# , where #=1,...,6
but that i could put that instruction into a script. (Ctrl+Alt+F# is a keystroke. I cannot put a keystroke into a bash-script)

I hope to be clear this time.
Sorry for my bad english...and thanks in advance for your replies.
wizard
 
Old 12-28-2004, 10:25 AM   #8
wizard7423
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Quote:
Originally posted by deveraux83
DUH! I really should stop and read carefully before blabbering my mouth!
No problems!
thanks for your time!!

wizard
 
Old 12-28-2004, 12:27 PM   #9
Cedrik
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Here is a little tool in c that will switch from your X session to a Linux Console :

(it take number 1 to 6 as argument, or if no argument ctrl+alt+F1 is the default)

Code:
/* 
	switch_from_x.c
 	compile with : 
	gcc -I/usr/X11R6/include -L/usr/X11R6/lib -o switch_from_x switch_from_x.c -lX11 -lXtst
	
	usage: switch_from_x [1..6] 
	emulate ctrl+alt+F1..F6
	It use F1 by default
*/


#include <X11/extensions/XTest.h>
#define XK_MISCELLANY
#define XK_XKB_KEYS
#include <X11/keysymdef.h>
#include <X11/Xlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
	int i;
	KeySym keys[3];
	KeySym fkeys[] = {XK_F1, XK_F2, XK_F3, XK_F4, XK_F5, XK_F6};
	
	Display* display = XOpenDisplay( NULL );
	
	if(!display) {
		printf("Error, can't open X display\n");
		exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	}

	keys[0]	= XK_Meta_L;
	keys[1] = XK_Control_L;
	keys[2] = XK_F1;
	
	if(argc > 1) {
		i = atoi(argv[1]);
		if(i && i < 7) { keys[2] = fkeys[i-1]; }
	}
	
	for( i = 0; i < 3; i++ ) {
		XTestFakeKeyEvent ( display, XKeysymToKeycode( display, keys[i] ), 
							True, CurrentTime );
    }

	if( display == NULL ) exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	XCloseDisplay(display);
	return 0;
}

Last edited by Cedrik; 12-28-2004 at 12:32 PM.
 
Old 12-28-2004, 09:17 PM   #10
hk_linux
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chvt n, where n is the console number

You can use this at command line for switching to consoles. But i really donno wat will happen if u call from script.

HTH
 
Old 12-29-2004, 07:56 AM   #11
wizard7423
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thanks at all...

my question is solved.

wizard
 
Old 12-29-2004, 08:08 AM   #12
PBSchmidt
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on my box, chvt needs root context, is this correct?
 
Old 12-29-2004, 08:59 AM   #13
hk_linux
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I have no problems executing chvt from any account. I use RedHat distros
 
Old 12-29-2004, 09:11 AM   #14
mAineAc
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on slackware I need root access for this. you can always add it to sudo so you don't need a password.
 
  


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