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Old 04-12-2005, 09:34 AM   #1
R00ts
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Registered: Mar 2004
Location: Austin TX, USA
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Simple bash/awk/sed scripting question


I'm a little bit confused about the use of awk/sed in a script. I've skimmed through the guides to both and it seems to me like they only operate on files/stdin/stdout, is that right? What I am trying to do is write a simple expression to extract a substring from a bash variable and re-assign the variable to that substring. Specifically the variable consists of an executable's name (+ it's path) and it's inputs. So something like this:


Code:
exec_target="/usr/bin/gcc -c my_program my_program.c"
# And here I want to write an expression to extract "gcc" and reassign it to exec_target

I know there are multiple ways of doing this and I could do it in the blink of an eye if this script I wrote was in Perl, but what's a fast, simple way of doing it in the Bash world and what tool (awk/sed) is best suited for this type of task? Thanks
 
Old 04-12-2005, 09:44 AM   #2
ahh
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I think this will do what you want, but I may be barking up the wrong tree...
Code:
exec_target=$(echo $exec_target | sed -e 's/.*\///')
 
Old 04-12-2005, 10:10 AM   #3
R00ts
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Oh, so sed uses the same matching operator as perl does it? Well that's good to know.

Yeah that command yields this:

Code:
exec_target="/usr/bin/gcc -c my_program my_program.c"
exec_target=$(echo $exec_target | sed -e 's/.*\///')
echo $exec_target

> gcc -c my_program my_program.c
So it gets rid of the path, but not the whitespace/other args. I can do that myself though. Thanks!
 
Old 04-15-2005, 03:01 AM   #4
chrism01
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exec_target=`echo $exec_target|cut -d' ' -f1`
echo $exec_target
/usr/bin/gcc
exec_target=`basename $exec_target`
echo $exec_target
gcc
 
Old 04-16-2005, 02:55 AM   #5
dustu76
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Awk is such a lovely tool

Code:
[/home/soumen/tmp] $ exec_target="/usr/bin/gcc -c my_program my_program.c"
[/home/soumen/tmp] $ exec_target=`echo $exec_target |awk '{print a[split($1,a,"/")]}'`
[/home/soumen/tmp] $ echo $exec_target
gcc
HTH.
 
  


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