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How were tools made before there were tools to make tools? Classic question...
I think in any industry there has been an evolution of improving tools and improving products---with computer SW, it started with "machine language"--ie a bunch of numeric codes for different operations. Then there was assembler, which added labels and other niceties. When the first higher level language was conceived, someone probably wrote the first compiler in assembler. Then they could write a better compiler in the new language.
Others will be able to give a much more precise answer
Translator created by Grace Hopper isn't the start. The start is first assembler. At first people were writing in machine language, but adding / removing instructions could make your code useless (data address changes, but your "pointers" not). So they introduced assembler which could count the size of different mnemonics (like add, mov, xor, int ...) and their operands and add these sizes when assembling. Using assembler, compilers (they have necessary translating ability, check chrism01's Grace Hoper link) were created and so higher level languages were born (FORTRAN, COBOL, ALGOL, Pascal, C,...)
Last edited by Alien_Hominid; 11-02-2007 at 03:23 AM.
1) Different syntax between dif versions(at&t (GASM), Intel (NASM, FASM, MASM, TASM, ASM86).
2) Usage of macros, labels, modes and other specific features (mostly in MASM and TASM).
3) Why programming language should only be abstract one?
Last edited by Alien_Hominid; 11-02-2007 at 06:07 AM.
Have a look here and you will get an idea of some of the influences since around 1954 and Fortran. to the present day. If you have the time to count the individual languages depicted, then you have wasted good drinking time.
assembler is very low level and tedious to write, hence the evolution of 'higher level' langs like C Perl etc.
AFAIK, the main usage these days is for device drivers and the like (cpus etc) ie relatively small amts of code embedded in HW.